Writing research/lab reports in engineering - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Writing research/lab reports in engineering

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Writing and Speaking for Engineers ... Method or Procedure Results or Experimental Data Conclusions/Implications Establishes the subject/topic of the research ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Writing research/lab reports in engineering


1
Writing research/lab reports in engineering
  • Writing and Speaking for Engineers - Honors

2
Title
  • Should be brief, informative, and descriptive of
    the subject matter.
  • Should contain keywords/variables.
  • Example A Research-Oriented Inorganic
    Chemistry Laboratory Design

3
Parts of the report
  • Introduction
  • Method or Procedure
  • Results or Experimental Data
  • Conclusions/Implications

4
Introduction
  • Establishes the subject/topic of the
    research/experiment
  • Identifies the objective of the research or
    experiment
  • Reviews previous research (background) on the
    topic if appropriate
  • The introduction answers the question
  • "Why are we conducting this research/experiment?"

5
Method / Procedure
  • The method section answers the question
  • "How did we conduct the research/experiment?"
  • Explain step-by-step how the research was carried
    out Describe equipment and materials used.
    Explain in chronological order the procedure
    used. Indicate the duration of the experiment.
  • The test of a well-written method the reader
    could replicate the study based on the
    descriptions provided.

6
Results / Experimental Data
  • The results section answers the question
  • "What did we learn?"
  • Describes what was found or observed (data)
  • Uses graphics (tables and figures) in addition to
    text to fully explain the data
  • Does not interpret the data

7
  • Two common PITFALLS when writing the results
    section
  • 1. Writers rely too heavily on graphics text is
    inadequate
  • 2. Writers interpret the results

8
Conclusion /Implications
  • This section answers the question
  • What do the results mean, and how can they be
    used?"
  • Interprets the results (data)
  • Points out the significance of the results
    (applications, for example)
  • Notes the limitations of the study
  • Points to future needed research on the topic
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