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Focus Group Discussion on Millenium Development Goals 31st Annual PAASE Meeting

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Focus Group Discussion on Millenium Development Goals 31st Annual PAASE Meeting & Symposium (31 APAMS) The Philippine-American Academy of Science & Engineering – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Focus Group Discussion on Millenium Development Goals 31st Annual PAASE Meeting


1
Focus Group Discussion on Millenium Development
Goals 31st Annual PAASE Meeting Symposium (31
APAMS) The Philippine-American Academy of
Science Engineering University of the
Philippines National Science Complex
2
Members
  • Dr. Ernesto M. Pernia, UP School of Economics.
    (Convenor)
  • Dr. Rosario G. Manasan, Philippine Institute for
    Development Studies, (Panelist)
  • Ms. Erlinda Capones, National Economic and
    Development Authority, (Panelist)
  • Mr. Jackson L. Ubias, UP School of Economics
  • Dr. Brother Mel Bacabac, SVD, University of San
    Carlos
  • Mr. Michael Syson, ADMU
  • Mr. Bryan James J, Sudaria, Commission on Science
    and Technology and Engineering,
  • Ms. Rowena R. Antemano, UP Marine Science
    Institute
  • Ms. Janina Rhea A. Lazo, UPMSEP
  • Mrs. Connie Albano, Spouse of PAASEs Al Albano

3
Introduction
  • The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were set
    by the United Nations in the early 1990s and
    signed on to by member countries, including the
    Philippines. There are eight major goals (with
    sub-goals) having to do with several areas of
    development concern (see Table 1 for the major
    goals).
  • These are
  • (i) poverty, hunger, and unemployment
  • (ii) universal primary education
  • (iii) gender equality and women empowerment
  • (iv) child mortality
  • (v) maternal health
  • (vi) HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
  • (vii) environmental sustainability and
  • (viii) global partnership for development.
  • Most of these MDGs have quantitative targets to
    be achieved by 2015. With just four years to go
    before that milestone, it is timely nay, urgent
    that we check how much progress our country has
    made toward these goals. Earlier evaluations
    suggest that achievements are falling short of
    some targets (e.g., poverty reduction, education,
    and maternal mortality).

4
Objectives
  • This FGD aims to
  • (i) examine the countrys chances of achieving
    the targets set for each MDG
  • (ii) assess the financial resources required and
  • (iii) determine what policy measures and other
    interventions (from government, private sector,
    NGOs, and academia) must be put in place to
    improve the chances of success, or at least
    minimize the extent of the shortfalls.
  • The FGD will inevitably touch on the topical
    issue of population policy of which the
    Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health
    bill (RP/RH bill) currently pending in Congress
    is an integral component to the extent that it
    has a direct or indirect bearing on most of the
    MDGs.

5
Analysis and Recommendations
  • Problem The Philippines backwardness, as
    reflected in poor performance vis-à-vis the MDGs,
    can be explained by (i) misgovernance (ii) weak
    economic growth (iii) high wealth and income
    inequality and (iv) rapid population growth (see
    Table 2 for some comparative data on PH and Asian
    neighbors). A couple of years back, financial
    resources required to achieve the MDGs were
    estimated at 2-3 of GDP, not to mention the time
    lags entailed in budgeting, approvals, biddings,
    and fund releases (inside lags), as well as the
    time needed for program and project
    interventions to come to fruition in terms of
    outcomes and impacts (outside lags).

6
Solutions
  • Improve governance ? reduce corruption
  • Speed up economic growth through better
    investment climate ? simple and transparent
    regulatory system (which also reduces corruption
    and rent-seeking) improved infrastructure and
    law and order.
  • Continue conditional cash transfer (CCT) program
    but with sharper targeting and better
    administration to avoid leakages safety nets and
    health insurance for the poor.
  • Implement an unequivocal population policy of
    which the RH bill is a key measure ? immediate,
    short-term, and long-term beneficial effects

7
Solutions
  • Immediate reduced maternal deaths due to
    pregnancy- and childbirth-related causes reduced
    illegal induced abortions owing to unplanned,
    mistimed and/or unwanted pregnancies higher
    quality care of planned and properly provided-for
    children etc.
  • Short- to medium-run reduced pressure on school
    and healthcare systems (which have been bursting
    at the seams) less pressure on infrastructure
    lower un- and under-employment rates etc.
  • Long-run faster economic growth due to higher
    saving and investment and better educated and
    productive labor force improved chances of food
    self-sufficiency faster poverty reduction, less
    stress on the environment etc.
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