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International Telecommunication Union (ITU) / Ghana experiences in National Planning for ICTs, Climate Change and Development

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Title: International Telecommunication Union (ITU) / Ghana experiences in National Planning for ICTs, Climate Change and Development


1
International Telecommunication Union (ITU) /
Ghana experiences in National Planning for ICTs,
Climate Change and Development
  • Mrs Helen Asiamah
  • Deputy Director
  • Environmental Protection Agency, Ghana

2
(No Transcript)
3
Economy average 13 GDP growth per annum (2011
est.)
Population 24mio _at_ 2010 2.7 annual growth rate
National Development Blue Print Ghana Shared
Growth Development Agenda
National Climate Change Policy Framework
Major economic development sectors
Electricity generation 5040 mix. hydro
thermal RE (Renewable energy bill passed)
Economic cost of environmental degradation
estimated at 9 of GDP (World Bank)
Negative Impacts of Climate Change on vulnerable
economic sectors agriculture, coastal zone,
health, energy production, Infrastructure (ICT)
etc.
Ratified UNFCCC and KP. Submitted NC1 NC2 to
UNFCCC in 2000 and 2011 respectively
4
Climate-related information (1 of 1)
  • Total GHG emission is estimated to be 24MtCO2e.
    Equivalent of 1tCO2e per capita.
  • Energy, Agriculture and Land use change and
    forestry are the sources of GHG.
  • Energy production, consumption and transport
    constitute key source of emissions. Oil
    exploitation is expected to impact on the
    emission growth in future.
  • CO2 and CH4 are the major important GHG gases.
  • Evidence of climate change is abound in Ghana.
    Temperature has increased by between 0.6OC and
    0.8OC since 1960. Projected to increased more
    between 1.1OC and 1.7OC between 2020 and 2080.

5
Climate-related information (2 of 1)
  • Across the country, rainfall levels are generally
    projected to decrease with the same time horizons
    (2020 to 2080).
  • Manifestations of extreme weather events
    (drought, flooding etc) and sea level rise
    impacts are evident in Ghana.
  • Impacts of climate change has been identified as
    additional threat to the economy of Ghana.
    Sectors are climate sensitive (particularly,
    agriculture, water, infrastructure etc).
  • Vulnerability spread defined by poverty,
    geographical spread, livelihoods sources,
    infrastructural resilience, access to risk
    information, gender etc.

6
ICT Sector in Ghana (3 of 1)
  • Widespread availability of efficient and reliable
    telecommunication services in Ghana.
  • Growing and highly competitive market. 6
    international market players (as service
    providers) with independent government
    regulation. Potential to grow????
  • Aggregated energy or GHG intensity is high. Could
    potentially increase with large footprints (large
    due to expansion of coverage).
  • High climate risk to, and impacts on
    telecommunication infrastructure. (In Ghana, they
    are largely installed as single units preferably
    on high grounds) effects on quality of service
    to customers.

7
Affordable ICT Options in Ghana
  • Telecommunication - high penetration
    (households, urban, sub-urban areas, some transit
    communities, limited in rural areas), advance
    technologies for messaging (text and image),
    internet connection, fiber optic connectivity.
  • Internet connectivity - wide use (cafes,
    offices, homes, schools and limited in sub-urban
    and rural areas). Generally poor speed,
    application areas may include broadly business,
    telecom, social media, emailing, search engines.
  • Access to computers and application increasing
    use and access, for commercial, private and
    official purposes, special form for application
    use (weather forecasting, banking,
    telecommunication, geographical position
    systems), limited use in rural and sub-urban
    areas.
  • Radio and TV proliferated use. Great deal of
    access (wide coverage urban to rural areas).
    Efficient mode of information dissemination.

8
Opportunities for ICT in Climate Change in Ghana
  • Green ICT service delivery - opportunites for
    low GHG footprint interventions eg. Solar
    powered mast units, energy efficiency practices.
    ( requires government incentive for scale up)
  • ICT industry offers wide ranging opportunities
    for developing and deploying climate change early
    warning services. Cheap, wide coverage, reliable
    platform of disseminating climate risk
    information to targeted vulnerable groups.
    Opportunity exist in Ghana greatly.
  • There is need to ensure common platform
    connectivity in order to reach the
    geographically excluded vulnerable groups.
  • Platform for awareness creation. Cheap and wide
    coverage.
  • Corporate Responsibility agenda could be good
    avenue to leverage local private sector finance
    to support national climate change activities.

9
Strategy and Coordination of Climate Change in
Ghana
  • Climate Change is featured in the Ghana Shared
    Growth Development Agenda.
  • Ministry of MEST through the National Climate
    Change Committee is coordinating the development
    of a National Climate Change Policy Framework.
  • NCCPF will provide strategic direction and
    national framework to addressing climate change
    comprehensively in Ghana.

10
National Strategies
  • Targeted at
  • Mainstreaming climate change into national
    development planning. (climate smart economic
    development - development to build climate
    resilience with low carbon footprint) national,
    sector and district levels
  • Facilitating implementation of UNFCCC
  • Coordinating and harmonizing climate change
    activities
  • Consultation and awareness

11
Environmentally Sound Technologies
12
GSGDA (2010 -2013) Key Focus Area 9 (Climate
Change specific)
Social Development
LCD
Adaptation
National Budget (Budget Guideline on Climate
change)
CC/DRR mainstreaming guidebook
District Medium Term Development Plan
13
Governance coordination
Capacity building
Research knowledge management
International cooperation
Finance
communication
Monitoring Reporting
14
Institutional Arrangement for coordinating
Climate Change in Ghana
15
Ghana Environmental Protection Agency
  • The National Focal Point for Climate Change in
    Ghana is the Environmental Protection Agency
    (EPA).
  • The EPA works closely with key frontline
    sector-institutions on climate change related
    issues in the country such as the agriculture,
    forestry, energy, health, communications and
    finance.
  • The Agency had worked on and continues to work in
    a number of climate change programmes and
    projects.

16
Lessons from Vodafone-EPA Partnership in Ghana
  • EPA, Ghana and Vodafone Ghana Limited are
    partnering to implement the first ICT climate
    change project in Ghana.
  • The project was aimed at demonstrating
    possibilities of developing early warning
    platform at the local government level.
    Individual cell phone units are intended as the
    medium of dissemination of information.
  • The challenge has been access to reliable
    connectivity
  • Project also seeks to contribute to setting
    industry standards as part of regulation.
  • Awareness creation component

17
Major challenges
  • Lack of industry best practices.
  • Connectivity problems in sub-urban towns and
    rural areas.
  • General lack of awareness and capacity in the
    industry.
  • Lack of incentive for early action or pioneering
    and innovation.
  • Regulation is generally focused on bandwidth
    allocation and service delivery. Industry
    standard setting is delimited.

18
Outlook
Major outcomes relevance to COP 17
Accra call for action
6th ITU symposium on ICTs, the environment and
climate change
19
Major outcomes relevance to COP 17
  • Mitigation and adaptation to climate change, and
    the management of e-waste are critical in Africa.
  • Adaptation to climate change can be effective by
    making better use of ICT to gather information,
    process it and disseminate it to those most
    vulnerable.
  • By adopting a 'closed-loop' approach to
    manufacturing and recycling the need to extract
    and process raw materials, can be much reduced.
  • 6th ITU Symposium in Accra, Ghana, concluded
    with the adoption of a Call to Action to raise
    awareness and build capacity on using ICTs to
    tackle climate change.

20
Accra, Call for Action
  • The symposium called on the global leaders,
    environmental experts and representatives from
    international organizations, NGOs and other
    sectors that will gather in the COP-17 to
  • Recognize the phenomenal power of ICTs to assist
    countries to mitigate and adapt to the effects of
    climate change.
  • Recognize the increasingly widespread use of
    ICTs in changing many peoples lives and boosting
    economic growth, and that although ICTs are also
    a growing contributor to greenhouse-gas (GHG)
    emissions, they also provide one of the most
    significant opportunities to reduce emissions of
    GHG, through the application of intelligent ICT
    systems.

21
  1. Further recognize that ICTs also reduce
    manufacturing needs by replacing material goods
    with virtual products, such as online music
    downloads.
  2. Take into account the role that ICT plays as a
    catalyst to climate change adaptation which will
    help countries preparedness for a more risky
    future.
  3. Enhance the transformational role of ICT for
    climate change adaptation and disaster risk
    reduction, will require the use of three
    technology types telecommunication systems,
    observation systems, and information systems.

22
  1. Recognize that there is need to build capacities
    in developing countries to support ICT as tool
    for climate change adaptation and disaster risk
    reduction
  2. Forge partnerships and engage all stakeholders to
    address climate change, due to its
    multi-disciplinary nature, is critical. There is
    the need to work closely with the private sector
    (especially within the ICT industry) and the
    youth on this front
  3. Emphasize that ICTs play a critical role in
    providing education and information through
    broadcasting, Internet and other means of
    communication and also the role played by ICTs
    in remote monitoring of the Earth by satellite
    and by sensors on the ground and in the ocean

23
  • Note that the use of ICTs in monitoring can
    provide data and information on deforestation,
    for instance, or on crop patterns that indicate
    possible food shortages and that ICTs are vital
    in disaster alerting which is closely linked to
    climate change, and that ICT are essential in
    disaster response by humanitarian organizations
    and individuals.
  • Recognize that the production and use of ICT
    equipment is increasing worldwide very fast,
    leaving rapidly growing amounts of e-waste
    behind. If not handled in a sound manner, e-waste
    poses a serious threat to human health, the
    environment and contributes substantially to GHG
    emissions.

24
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (EPA) - GHANA
CC INTERVENTIONS
INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE NEGOTIATIONS
GREEN HOUSE GAS INVENTORY
TECHNOLOGY NEEDS ASSESSMENT FOR CLIMATE
ADAPTATION
PREPARATION OF NATIONAL COMMUNICATIONS
NATIONALLY APPROPRIATE MITIGATION ACTIONS (NAMAS)
OTHERS
CLIMATE CHANGE ICTs
  • LOCAL PARTNERS
  • MINISTRY OF COMMUNICATIONS
  • Vodafone Ghana
  • Ghana Meteorological Agency
  • NADMO

INTERNATIONAL PARTNERS ITU UNFCCC
Integrating Climate Change into
Telecommunications Industry in Ghana
  • Develop and produce a country assessment based
    on some of the key areas within the Bali Action
    Plan in line with UNFCCC guidelines.
  • Organize a training session on how ICTs can be
    used to tackle climate change and how
    standardized methodologies can support climate
    change adaptation and mitigation in Ghana
  • Carry out a pilot project with an ICT company
    (e.g. to demonstrate how advanced mobile
    communications technology can be used to tackle
    climate change)

Country Study on How ICT Sector can Reduce its
Own GHG Emissions
Community Adaption Through Early Warning Systems
HOSTED 6TH ITU CONFERENCE IN 2011
New Collaboration with ECOWAS
  • MINISTERIAL COLLABORATION
  • MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE AND
    TECHNOLOGY
  • MINISTRY OF COMMUNICATIONS

25
Thank you
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