Hand%20Safety%20(A)(FS) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Hand Safety Part-1 Unguarded or fixed open blade utility knives like the one pictured above are prohibited on URS projects for any types of cutting operations. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Hand%20Safety%20(A)(FS)

Hand Safety Part-1
  • 70 of those injured were not wearing gloves
  • Most of the other 30 were wearing gloves that
    were inadequate, damaged, or the wrong type for
    the hazard
  • We are each accountable to keep our hands safe

Understand the Hazards
Protect Your Hands  
  • Training Objectives
  • Recognize at-risk behaviors that lead to injury
  • Identify safe work practices to reduce the risk
    of hand injury
  • Select the correct tools to protect the hands
  • Recognize conditions that require PPE
  • Select the right PPE
  • Accept Personal Accountability for Working Safely

Hand Safety Training Outline
  • Outline
  • Section 1. At Risk Behaviors
  • Section 2. Safe Work Practices
  • Section 3. Evaluate the Task
  • Section 4. Select the Right Tool
  • Section 5. Use the Right Gloves

Section 1 At-Risk Behaviors
Section 1 - At-Risk Behaviors
At-Risk Behaviors Cause Hand Injuries
  • Using the wrong tool for the job
  • Using a cutter as a screwdriver
  • Using Pliers when a wrench is needed
  • Hammering with a tool other than a hammer
  • Defeating safety devices on tools
  • Using Your Hand as a tool
  • Using power tools on a unstable surface
  • Handling known hazards without planning first
  • Sharp Objects
  • Chemicals
  • Tool related hazards

Unsafe Work Practice!!
Section 1 - At-Risk Behaviors
At-Risk Behaviors Contribute to Hand Injuries
  • Allowing poor housekeeping
  • Failure to plan the work
  • Failure to pay attention and keep your eyes on
    the task
  • Failure to keep body parts out of the line of
  • Failure to sharpen or replace blades,
    necessitating additional force
  • Failure to identify and wear proper PPE
  • Failure to maintain power tools
  • Unsafe Cutting Behaviors
  • Cutting in awkward positions
  • Cutting on unstable surfaces
  • Cutting towards oneself

Unsafe Work Practice!!
Section 2 Safe Work Practices
Section 2 Safe Work Practices
  • What is the most used tool in our industry?
  • Hammer
  • Screwdriver
  • Crescent wrench
  • Portable drill
  • Skill saw
  • Impact wrench
  • Box cutter
  • Knife

IAP Proprietary
Section 2 Safe Work Practices
  • The most used tool in almost all workplaces,
    especially in URS, is The Human Hand
  • Try Driving without the normal use of the hands
  • Try writing without using your thumb
  • Try holding a tool with only two fingers
  • Try using tools with your other hand

Our hands are critical for normal function in the
workplace, at home, and on the road!
IAP Proprietary
Section 2 Safe Work Practices
  • The hand is one of the most complex parts of
    your body
  • Movement of the tendons, bones, tissues and
    nerves allows you to grip and do complex jobs
  • Without your hands it is impossible to do routine
    simple tasks
  • Hand injuries are difficult to repair because of
    the complexity of the hand
  • After a hand injury, you may lose
  • Motion
  • Dexterity
  • Grip
  • Sensation

IAP Proprietary
Section 2 Safe Work Practices
Injuries to the hands, fingers, and arms are most
often caused by
  • Cuts from knives or sharp edges
  • Punctures from nails, staples, needles, or debris
  • Bites or stings from insects
  • Burns from extreme temperatures
  • Equipment
  • Rotating parts
  • Pinch points
  • Vibrating equipment

IAP Proprietary
Section 2 Safe Work Practices
  • The first two lines of defense must always be
  • Eliminating the Hazard Completely
  • Engineering controls such as using guards or
    safety switches
  • PPE should only be applied after first attempting
    to eliminate or reduce the hazard (engineering or
    administrative controls) or as a secondary
    measure of protection

Remember, PPE does not eliminate the hazard it
just reduces the injury potential or severity
IAP Proprietary
Section 3 Evaluate the Task
Section 3 Evaluate the Task
  • Always Evaluate the Task
  • 4Sight all the time!
  • What am I about to do?
  • What could go wrong?
  • What could be done to make it safer?
  • What have I done to communicate the hazards?
  • Job Safety Analysis or Risk Assessment
  • When the Job involves hazardous materials or
  • When the work is complex and involves
    multiple hazards
  • Whenever you think it will assist in
    identifying the safe way to work

Section 3 Evaluate the Task
  • Prevention involves three key elements
  • Identifying the hazards
  • Identifying preventive measures
  • Implementing safety measures before starting the
  • Safe work practices
  • PPE

Section 3 Evaluate the Task
  • Common types of prevention include
  • Wearing the correct type of glove
  • Using push sticks, tongs, or other fixtures
  • Using the right tool for the job and using it
  • Keeping hands out of harms way by not placing
  • Under loads or in blind areas
  • In areas subject to being caught in/between

The best safety device for your hands is your
mind - pay attention evaluate the hazards apply
preventive measures!
IAP Proprietary
Section 3 Evaluate the Task
  • Hand Injury Prevention requires Pre-Task
  • It is imperative that we
  • Choose the correct Tool for the task.
  • Choose the correct PPE for the task.
  • Establish Expectations for safe behavior
  • Adhere to safe work Behaviors while performing
    the task.

Section 3 Evaluate the Task
Biological Hazards
  • Biological Hazards provides additional guidance
  • Use caution when moving debris or equipment which
    has been sitting for a long time
  • Never stick your hands in holes or blind or
    secluded places and use care in uninhabited areas
  • Dont use scented soaps or perfumes, and consider
    wearing long sleeve shirts and gloves
  • Leave insects and wildlife alone
  • If you encounter reptiles leave them alone and
    stop work until the area is clear
  • If you encounter insect nests remain clear of the
    area until they have been handled by a

IAP Proprietary
Section 4 Selecting the Right Tools
Section 4 Select the Right Tool
Cutting Tool Selection
Proper Tool Proper Use
Dykes Wire Cutters Cutting Rope, Wire, Tie-Wraps
Safety Box Knifes Opening / Disposing of Boxes
Scissors Cutting Shrink Wrap, String, Banding (Plastic)
Shears Cutting Banding (Metal)
Flush Cuts Cutting Excess Tie-Wrap
Insulated Cutters For Electrical/Hot Work
Wire Strippers Stripping Wire
Metal Snips Cutting Sheet Metal
Cable Cutter Cutting Cable
Concealed Blade Cutters Cutting banding, fabric, tape, thin material
Safety Box Cutters Cutting boxes and packing tape
Safety Knife Cutting materials where other cutters cant be used
The use of Fixed Open-Blade Knives is prohibited!
Section 4 Select the Right Tool
Cutting Tool Selection
  • Never use dull blades
  • Do not use knives as screwdrivers
  • Cut away from your body
  • Do not use box cutters use a retracting
    safety knife
  • Do not use knives to strip wire or cable
    use the correct wire, cable, or coax

Prohibited Cutting Tools
Section 4 Select the Right Tool
Cutting Blade Disposal
Section 4 Select the Right Tool
  • Dont create a hazard!
  • Blade collection containers work!
  • Never put blades in trash unshielded

Section 4 Select the Right Tool
Approved Cutting Tools
  • Approved Cutting Tools

Section 4 Select the Right Tool
Approved Insulated Cutting Tools(Meets
requirement for Electrical Hot Work)
Approved Cutting Tools
Dykes, Linemen Pliers, Cable Cutter, Strippers
Section 4 Select the Right Tool
Powered Hand Saws and Grinders
  • Use the correct saw for the job
  • Do not hold stock in your hand use saw horse,
    vice, or other holding device
  • Use moderate pressure on saws to prevent blade
  • Thoroughly inspect tools before use
  • Keep blades sharp
  • Wear leather or mechanics gloves

IAP Proprietary
Section 4 Select the Right Tool
  • Use the right size and type for the screw
  • Do not use screwdrivers as chisels or pry bars
  • Place objects on a flat surface or in a vice
    dont hold it in your hand
  • Dont use screwdrivers with chipped tips or loose
  • Wear leather or mechanics gloves

Section 4 Select the Right Tool
  • Use the correct hammer for the job
  • Do not use hammers with splintered, cracked, or
    loose handles
  • Do not use hammers with rounded striking faces
  • Do not strike a hammer face with another hammer
  • Do not use a nail hammer claw as a pry bar
  • Do not hammer with the side of the hammer
  • Wear leather or mechanics gloves

IAP Proprietary
Section 4 Select the Right Tool
  • Use the right size wrench
  • Pull on wrenches rather than pushing
  • Never use a cheater bar with a wrench to increase
    torque or leverage
  • Do not use pliers with worn grooves or crescent
    wrenches with worn or sprung jaws
  • Do not use pliers or crescent wrenches on
    over-tight bolts and nuts
  • Wear leather or mechanics gloves

IAP Proprietary
Section 4 Select the Right Tool
  • Do not use chisels with mushroomed heads
  • Use the correct chisel for the job
  • Never use a chisel as a pry bar
  • Use jackhammers for concrete breaking where
  • Use a safety chisel for masonry and other high
    impact work
  • Wear leather or mechanics gloves

IAP Proprietary
Section 4 Select the Right Tool
Other Tool Selection Information
  • Hand Tools Portable Equipment, provides
    additional guidance.
  • Choose Tools that are designed to maximize safety
  • Use tools as designed and follow all manufacturer
    instructions Unplug tools when not in use and
    before changing bits, blades, or other
  • If tools vibrate excessively wear mechanics
    gloves with vibration protection
  • Secure work never hold in your hand
  • Wear gloves unless they may become caught on
    rotating parts

IAP Proprietary
Section 4 Select the Right Tool
Tool Maintenance Information
  • Keep tools sharp and guards in place
  • Unplug or lockout tools before changing blades or
  • Wear leather or mechanics gloves unless they
    create a greater hazard such as when operating a
    lathe or a grinder
  • Never wear gloves with straps or strings which
    may catch on moving parts

IAP Proprietary
Section 5 Use the Right Gloves
Section 5 Use the Right Gloves
Work Tasks/Materials Glove Selection
Proper Glove Types Proper Use
Box Handler (Mechanics) Gloves Box Handling, General Lifting, Wood Handling
Leather Gloves Metal (General), Climbing, Carpentry, Automotive Shops, Heavy Equipment Shops, General Maintenance, General Laborer, Millwright
Welding Gloves Welding
Chemical Chemical Handling, Selection based on chemical being handled
Cut Resistant Metal (Sheet), HVAC, Blade Replacement
Section 5 Use the Right Gloves
Glove Selection Construction
  • Leather or mechanics gloves are required for most
    construction related activities such as
  • Using hand tools
  • Using power tools
  • Handling material
  • Handling guide lines
  • Operating equipment
  • Wear gloves that include vibration protection
    (padding) when using equipment which produces

IAP Proprietary
Section 5 Use the Right Gloves
Glove Selection Material Handling
  • Manual Material Handling - Provides guidance
  • Get help or use mechanical lifting devices when
  • Keep hands out of potential pinch point areas and
    use tag lines if appropriate
  • Remove jewelry
  • Types of gloves required are
  • Leather or mechanics gloves when handling
    general material/debris
  • Cut resistant gloves when handling sheet metal,
    glass, or material or equipment with sharp edges

IAP Proprietary
Section 5 Use the Right Gloves
Hand Care
  • Avoid washing hands with solvents, harsh soaps,
    or abrasives
  • Clean and bandage cuts and abrasions keep them
  • Immediately remove imbedded foreign materials
  • Wash hands immediately after using chemicals
  • Pay attention to possible infections and get
    immediate medical evaluation
  • Consider wearing cotton gloves under rubber
    gloves to reduce sweating

IAP Proprietary
Section 5 Use the Right Gloves
Glove Care and Inspection
  • Inspect gloves before use for tears, excessive
    wear, and punctures
  • Store in clean, dry location
  • Discard leather and cloth gloves if they become
    saturated with oil or other chemicals
  • Leak test chemical gloves by sealing the wrist
    and filling the glove with air
  • Leak test and inspect electrical gloves before
    each use store in protective bags assure they
    have current testing/certification

IAP Proprietary
Section 5 Use the Right Gloves
Glove Fit
  • Wear gloves that fit your hand
  • Gloves that are too small can tire your hands and
    cause injury from limiting circulation
  • Gloves that are too large are clumsy to work with
    and tend to catch on items or fall off

IAP Proprietary
Section 5 Use the Right Gloves
Cut Resistant Gloves
Back View
Front View
Section 5 Use the Right Gloves
Cut Resistant Gloves
  • Cut Resistant Gloves

Used for handling parts and connecting
Recap Summary
  • Prevention
  • Identifying the hazards and then applying
    preventive measures to eliminate or minimize them
  • Effective Prevention
  • Thorough hazard analysis by every employee at
    every job site before the work starts 100 of
    the time

Remember PPE does not eliminate the hazard it
just reduces the injury potential or lessens the
injury severity!
Recap Summary
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