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Pre-Columbian

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Title: Pre-Columbian


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Pre-Columbian I II
Early Explorers
Spanish Conquest
English Conquest
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These Indians were wiped out byColumbus and
his successors in theNew World.
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The Taino Indians in the Caribbean Islands.
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These Indians once ruled overCity-States in
Guatemala, andthroughout much of Central
America.
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The Maya
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DAILY DOUBLE
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These two Indiana Jones movieshave scenes
concerning archeologyadventures at mythical
Pre-Columbian sites
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Their great civilization was centeredin
Tenochtitlan in the middle ofLake Texcoco in
Mexico.
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The Aztec
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Their great civilization in South America thrived
in the Andes Mountains region.
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The Inca
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The last great leader of the Aztecs prior to
their demise at the handsof the Conquistadores.
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Montezuma
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The great Incan city of Machu Picchuwas located
7,000 feet above level in what is now this
South American country.
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Peru
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This great ancient civilizationhad no known
written language,communicated effectively onan
extensive system of roadsusing coded knot
messageson ropes carried by long
distancerunners.
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The Incan Civilization
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This great ancient civilizationhad the symbols
of the cactus, eagle,and a snake in their
legendswhich are now the symbols ofthe Mexican
flag.
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The Aztec Civilization
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These two Meso-Americancivilizations built
temples forastronomical and astrologicalstudyas
well as for ritualhuman sacrifices.
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The Maya and Aztec
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In 1492 he sailed the ocean bluethinking he
would arrive in theIndies of Asia.
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Christopher Columbus
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His voyage to the New World wasshown in his
maps, widely circulatedin Europe bearing his
nameand probably influencing thenames of two
new continents.
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Amerigo Vespucci
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His crew successfully circumnavigated the world,
but he did not survive a battle withnatives in
the Philippine Islands.
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Ferdinand Magellan
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This French explorer was in the Great Lakes
region, and battled with Iroquois warriors
duringfirst contact. A lake dividingNew York
and Vermont was namedin his honor.
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Samuel du Champlain
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This explorer sailed for the Dutchand the
English looking for anorthwest passage. He has
a rivernamed after him, but he perished at the
hands of his mutinous crewon an ill fated trip
in another large body of water named after him
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Henry Hudson
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Fearing this conquistador was actually a
returning god namedQuetzalcoatl, this horse
riding,armored, blunderbuss firingstranger was
allowed by theAztecs to enter their capital
city.
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Hernando Cortez
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This conquistador arrived at exactlythe right
time to defeat Athualpa and his Incan Empire, as
they were divided in a civil war.
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Francisco Pizarro
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The Conquistador Balboa is believed to be the
firstEuropean to ever see this traveling East
to West.
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Pacific Ocean
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This Native American uprising in 1580 in theold
southwest was brutallyavenged by Spanish
authorities.
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The Pueblo Revolt
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The Treaty of Tordesilles in 1494,by Papal
decree, divided the new lands across the Atlantic
Oceanbetween the empires of Spain andher great
maritime rival
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Portugal
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Jamestown survived starving timewith the help
of local NativeAmerican Chief Powhatan and his
teenage daughter
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Pocahontas
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The Pilgrims overcame their struggles to adapt to
New Worldfarming with the help of thisNative
American friend
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Squanto
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These New England wars resulted in the
annihilation and/or enslavementof the Native
Americans who oncehad traded peacefully with
thePilgrims.
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The Pequot Wars
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These two colonies were established on the
principle of religious tolerance.
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Maryland and Rhode Island
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This rebellion in 1675 resulted in a great shift
from indentured servitudeto an increased use of
African chattel slavery in Virginia and the
SouthernColonies.
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This rebellion in 1675 resulted in a great shift
from indentured servitude to an increased use of
African chattel slaveryin Virginia and the
Southern Colonies.
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