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Literary Elements

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Title: Literary Elements


1
Literary Elements
  • The foundations of literature

2
Literary elements Diction and Dialect
  • Dialect is variation of a given language spoken
    in a particular place or by a particular group of
    people. A dialect is distinguished by its
    vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation.
  • If were only talking about pronunciation, we
    usually use the term accent.
  • Dilalect is applied most often to regional speech
    patterns, but a dialect may also be defined by
    other factors, such as social class.
  • Diction involves a writers selection of
    language.
  • Diction may be described as formal or informal,
    abstract or concrete, figurative or literal.

3
Literary elements Theme
  • Theme is what is revealed about human life or
    human nature. It reveals something that we can
    often relate to.
  • Although it is usually unstated, it gives a story
    meaning.
  • Theme can reveal an authors whole view of life.
  • Theme is not a storys plot or the storys
    subject It is an idea.
  • It gives us insight into some aspect of life we
    have never really thought about before, or it may
    make us understand on an emotional level.

4
Literary elements Theme
  • General guidelines for discovering theme
  • We must use at least one complete sentence to
    state a theme, rather than just a phrase, such as
    the joy of childhood.
  • A theme is not the same as a moral. So ask
    yourself, What does this story reveal? rather
    than What does this story teach?
  • One way to determine a theme is to ask how the
    main character (protagonist) changes during the
    story.
  • Also, consider the storys title. It often will
    hint at the meaning of the story.
  • A theme should not refer to specific characters
    or events in a story. It should be something
    about life or human nature that is general enough
    for the reader to relate to.
  • Theme should explain the whole story, not just a
    part of it.

5
Literary elements Symbolism and setting
  • Setting particular time, environment, and place
    in which events occur.
  • Symbols used in literature are objects used to
    represent other things or ideas. Setting often
    serves as a symbol.
  • Authors include symbolism in their stories to
    give the stories deeper meaning objects, people,
    places, or events that stand for something
    broader than themselves, such as an idea or
    emotion.
  • Symbols are all around us
  • Hearts symbolize love, caring.
  • The American flag symbolizes the United States of
    America.
  • The Trojan Head downstairs symbolizes pride and
    strength.

6
Literary elements Irony
  • Irony is the contrast between what is expected
    and what actually exists or happens. Three types
    of irony include
  • Situational irony the contrast between what a
    character or the reader expects to happen and
    what actually happens.
  • Verbal irony occurs when someone says one thing
    but means another (a common form is sarcasm).
  • Dramatic irony the contrast between what a
    character knows and what the reader or audience
    knows.
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