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Major Conflicts in the post-WWII Era


Major Conflicts in the post-WWII Era 1950-1975 The Korean War 1950-1953 After WWII, North Korea had been occupied by the Soviet Union; South Korea was controlled ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Major Conflicts in the post-WWII Era

Major Conflicts in the post-WWII Era
  • 1950-1975

The Korean War 1950-1953
  • After WWII, North Korea had been occupied by the
    Soviet Union South Korea was controlled by the
  • Began when North Korea invaded South Korea in
    June, 1950.
  • By September, North Korean (communist) forces had
    occupied most of South Korea.
  • The U.S. entered the war in 1950 as part of a
    United Nations force. U.S. troops made up most
    of this force.

The Korean War Cont.
  • The U.S. entered the war to stop the spread of
  • Gen. Douglas MacArthur commanded the United
    Nations forces.
  • The goal of the U.S. was to force the North
    Koreans out of South Korea.
  • As the war turned in favor of the United Nations,
    the Chinese came to the aid of North Korea.

The Korean War
  • MacArthur wanted to attack China, by invasion or
    by using atomic bombs.
  • Truman disagreed he relieved MacArthur from his
  • A cease fire agreement was signed July 27th,
    1953. The country was divided at the 38th
    parallel as it was before the war.
  • The war ended in a stalemate

The Cuban Missile Crisis - October 1962
  • A showdown between the U.S. and the Soviet Union
  • Occurred after the Soviet Union placed missiles
    in Cuba.
  • Pres. John F. Kennedy ordered the navy to
    blockade Cuba until the Soviets removed the
  • Kennedy threatened to destroy any Soviet ship
    that attempted to break through the blockade as
    well as respond to any nuclear attack launched by
    the Soviets from Cuba.
  • The Soviet ships eventually turned back. The
    missiles were also removed from Cuba.

The Vietnam War (1965-1973)
  • The U.S. intervened to stop the spread of
    communism into South Vietnam
  • The Domino Theory belief that countries in
    Southeast Asia would fall to communism like a row
    of dominoes, one after another. This helped
    shape American policy in Vietnam for many years.
  • Pres. Eisenhower (1953-1961) sent S. Vietnam
    billions of dollars and a few hundred advisors to
    the government and army.

The Vietnam War (1965-1973)
  • Pres. Kennedy (1961-1963) had sent nearly 15,000
    American troops to Vietnam as advisors before his
    assassination on November 22, 1963.
  • Gulf of Tonkin (1964) North Vietnamese patrol
    boats allegedly attacked American destroyers in
    the Gulf of Tonkin near N. Vietnam.

The Vietnam War (1965-1973)
  • As a result, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin
    Resolution, which gave Pres. Lyndon B. Johnson
    (1963-1969) the power to take all necessary
    measures to repel any armed attack against the
    forces of the United States.
  • In 1965, Johnson began to gradually increase the
    U.S.s involvement in Vietnam.

The Vietnam War (1965-1973)
  • On March 8th, 1965, U.S. marines landed near Da
    Nang. Over the next three years, the numbers of
    American troops would increase 1965 180,000,
    1966 almost 400,000, 1967 more than 500,000.
  • Therefore, Pres. Johnson made the largest
    military commitment to Vietnam.

The Vietnam War (1965-1973)
  • The war became very unpopular in the U.S. and
    protests grew. One reason was due to mass media,
    such as T.V., keeping many people informed.
  • Another reason was the belief that another
    nations civil war should not concern the U.S.

The Vietnam War (1965-1973)
  • Richard Nixon became president of the U.S. in
    1969. He pledged peace with honor in Vietnam.
  • He started to withdrawal American troops in June
    of 1969.
  • He came up with a plan known as Vietnamization,
    in which he called for the army of South Vietnam
    to take a more active role in fighting the war
    and the for the U.S. to become less involved.
  • 1969 more than 540,000 American troops in
    Vietnam. By the end of 1970 334,000, by 1971

The Vietnam War (1965-1973)
  • Nixon began peace talks with the North Vietnamese
    in 1969.
  • Nixon did however expand the bombing in Vietnam,
    as well as bombing Laos and Cambodia. These two
    countries were used as hideouts and contained
    supply routes for the enemy.

The Vietnam War (1965-1973)
  • In 1972, the heaviest bombing of the war fell on
    North Vietnams cities. This provoked outrage in
    the U.S. but they did bring the North Vietnamese
    back to the peace talks.
  • On January 27th, 1973, a peace treaty was signed.
    American involvement was over.
  • The war itself was not over until April 30th,
    1975 when South Vietnam surrendered to North
    Vietnam (communists).
  • Vietnam is one of five countries that is still
    communist today. The other four are China, Laos,
    Cuba, and North Korea.
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