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Reading Strategies


Reading Strategies From Reader s Handbook – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Reading Strategies

Reading Strategies
  • From Readers Handbook

Close Reading
  • Useful with poetry, directions, small part of
    larger work
  • 1. Select and Read
  • 2. AnalyzeAsk ?s
  • Why use this word?
  • What does this mean?
  • What am I supposed to do?
  • What do these words tell me?
  • What is the significance of this detail?
  • Why does this begin and end this way?

Close Reading Contd
  • 3. React. Make connections to what youve read.
    This is important in supporting your views.
  • Assume in close reading, every word carries
    meaning and contributes to the overall message of
    the selection.

Cause and Effect
  • Use with textbooks, fiction, and biography
  • Read
  • Create an organizer
  • Revise organizer as you read or re-read
  • Looking for cause and effect means concentrating
    on the process by which one event brings about
    another. The first is the cause, the events that
    occur because of that are the effects.

Cause and Effect Organizer Example
Pilgrims separate from Church of England
James I drives them into exile
William Bradford Leads them into Holland
Pilgrims decide to travel to new world,
  • Useful when preparing for tests, remembering what
    youve read
  • 5 Ws and H organizer
  • Who, What, When, Where, Why, and How
  • Key Word or Topic Notes
  • Summary Notes
  • Timeline
  • Good way to remember key events, details from a
    reading or lecture. Useful for research papers.

  • Organize information into topics and subtopics.
    Useful in textbooks, reference works.
  • Topic Outlineslists the major topics briefly in
    words or phrases
  • Sentence Outlinescontains major points in
    complete sentences. Used when you read longer
  • Using outlines with textbooksmajor headings are
    found in chapter titles, or section titles. Take
    note of key terms and definition (usually in
    special print)
  • Helps to organize the most important topics and
    details in your reading.

  • Used for graphics, math problems, essays, and
  • Preview materialask ?s as you go
  • What is this graphic or selection about?
  • What are some clues to meaning or main idea?
  • What other facts and details stand out?
  • Take Noteswrite thoughts, feelings on paper as
    you go.
  • Put material in your own wordshow would you
    answerwhat does this mean? Or what is this
  • Using your own words to record what youve read,
    seen or heard.

Question the Author
  • Used to understand authors ideas in poetry and
  • 1. Read and Ask ?s
  • Why did you begin this way? End this way?
  • Why did you have the character act this way?
  • Why did you arrange the events in this order?
  • Why did you use this particular phrase or word?
  • Is the time or place particularly important?
  • What is the main idea?
  • Why did you choose this subject to write about?

Question Author Contd
  • 2. Infer the answersfind hints to draw
    conclusions from the text
  • 3. Evaluate
  • This strategy of asking questions as you read
    about why the author made these choices help to
    keep you active when reading.

Reading Critically
  • Used when reading speeches, editorials, news
    stories, websites, biographies, and
  • 1. Listwrite ?s to ask yourself when reading
  • What is the main idea or major viewpoint of the
  • Is the writer expert in this field?
  • Is the main idea support with evidence?
  • Is the evidence convincing?
  • Do the sources seem reliable and authoritative?
  • Could there be other viewpoints not mentioned?
  • What is the writers motivation for writing?

Reading Critically Contd
  • 2. Be an active reader-look for answers to the
    questions above.
  • 3. Evaluateafter answer the questions, make an
  • Examine the evidence and the writers motivation
    when reading critically.

  • Useful when reading a long or challenging
    selectiongives a sense of what the reading is
  • Skimming for general ideas
  • Skimming for specific information
  • Skimming paragraphs
  • Skimming on tests
  • Skimming means glancing quickly through a

  • Use with any type of reading to recap main ideas
    or events in a selection.
  • Summarize fiction or drama
  • When reading, take notes on title, characters,
    setting, point of view, plot, theme, and style
  • Summarize nonfiction
  • Ask the general subject, the writers main idea,
    the supporting details, and definitions and
  • Summarizing is telling the main events or ideas
    in a selection as briefly as possible using your
    own words. Summarizing can help you remember main

Using Graphic Organizers
  • Use with fiction, nonfiction, drama, and poetry
    use to keep track of plot, cause and effect, or
    understand character.
  • Types of graphic organizers
  • Cause and Effect
  • Double-entry Journal
  • Character Map
  • 5 Ws and H
  • Visual pictures of ideas, helpful to remember and
    understand what you read.

  • 5 Ws and H Organizer
  • Double Entry Journal

  • Character Map

My thoughts
What others think of the character
How character Looks and feels
Characters Name
What character Says and Feels
How I feel About the character
Visualizing And Thinking Aloud
  • Helpful to figure out math problems, answer test
    questions, picture a setting, or understand
    poetry with imagery.
  • 1. Read and Sketchyou may want to make a quick
    sketch of a math problem, science concept,
    setting, or character
  • 2. Listen to your thoughtstalk to yourself about
    what youre doing.
  • 3. Review and reflectuse the sketches to jog
    your memory review and talk to yourself about
  • Making a mental picture or sketch of the words
    you read and talking through your ideas.

Any questions???
  • Reading Strategies are intended to help you
    become a more effective reader.
  • Try to incorporate at least one NEW strategy this
    nine weeksyoull see a difference!!
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