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Policy Challenges. Spring 2012

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Title: Policy Challenges. Spring 2012


1
Policy Challenges. Spring 2012
2
Policy Context
  • Government hitting mid-term period, traditionally
    a difficult patch
  • Economic forecasts remaining bleak for much of
    2012
  • Spending limits set to continue beyond current SR
    period
  • Overall policy direction set out in Coalition
    Agreement but subject to current economic
    fluctuations and mood swings
  • Education a high political and social priority,
    extensive reform under way
  • Notable signposts include
  • CSR (Oct 2010)
  • Schools White Paper (Nov 2010)
  • Skills Investment Strategy (Nov 2010)
  • Growth Plan (March 2011)
  • Response to Wolf Review (May 2011)
  • HE White Paper (June 2011)
  • FE reform programme (August 2011)
  • Autumn Financial Statement (Nov 2011)
  • 14-16 Performance Table Statement (Jan 2012)

3
Current picture for education
  • Broad narrative established, mix of structural
    reform, new freedoms, essential knowledge
    requirements, raised skill levels, clearer
    accountabilities, shifting the funding burden
  • Battery of consultations N.C, league tables,
    Special Needs, 16-19, school funding, FE reform,
    HE regulation, standards, open data, pensions
  • Some key speeches John Hayes FE vision speech
    (June 2011,) Vince Cables UUK speech (Sept
    2011,) David Camerons Growth speech (Oct 2011,)
    Michael Goves BETT speech (Jan 2012)
  • Some unexpected developments introduction of the
    EBacc and linear GCSEs, changes to work exp,
    delays to FE funding reform, contestable places
    in HE
  • Considerable shifting of furniture school
    systems, provider markets, regional structures,
    quangos, inspection and regulatory bodies
  • Some new words Phonics, SPAG, OIPs, catapults,
    downbanding, LARA, KIS, HEAR, STEAM

4
Some broad themes emerging
  • Strong focus on the quality of teachers and
    teaching
  • Learning programmes built around a long spine of
    Eng/maths
  • Curriculum re-balanced around the essentials (for
    progression and mobility)
  • Emergence of new models of professionalism
  • Simplification of funding systems to support the
    learner rather than the programme
  • Greater autonomy over inputs but sharper
    measurement of outputs
  • Institutional ownership of own destiny
  • The learner/user increasingly becoming an
    informed customer
  • Strong belief in the positive effects of a
    competitive market place
  • Desire to benchmark performance against
    international standards

5
Key policy challenges for 2012
  • Operating within a new funding and efficiency
    regime
  • Re-balancing the curriculum offer
  • Meeting new forms of accountability
  • Supporting the transition for young people
  • Developing the skills needed for growth and
    competition
  • Ensuring a smooth transition to new school, FE
    and HE systems

6
1. Funding reform and efficiencies
  • Current picture
  • Gory details developed through the Emergency
    Budget (June 2010,) CSR (Oct 2010,) Budget 2011
    (March 2011) and Autumn Financial Statement (Nov
    2011)
  • Context of long-term cuts, continued push on
    efficiencies, simplified systems and direct
    funding channels
  • Heavy period of consultation completing, shift to
    new learner-based model for HE from Sept 2012,
    for schools and FE from Sept 2013
  • Balance of contributions at higher level shifting
    towards user
  • New support mechanisms in place for disadvantage
    including pupil premium, 16-19 bursaries, NSP for
    HE
  • Skills training shifting towards employer
    sponsorships and incentives

7
1. Funding Picture (Schools)
  • Flat budgets for 2012/13
  • MFG (1.5 per pupil) and LA (2) protections
    remaining
  • Capital budgets static, focused on essential
    maintenance and extra places
  • Some relief through the (uprated but with new
    accountability) Pupil Premium and EEF
  • Final allocations confirmed by summer
  • Current DSG methodology continuing while range of
    consultations complete, new agency 2012, new
    model potentially 2013/14
  • Current issues
  • Regional variability
  • Impact of changing demographic and migration
    patterns
  • Funding of new school types
  • National formula v local autonomy

8
1. Funding Picture (Young People)
  • Small increase in 16-19 funding for 2012/13 at
    7.5bn, additional support retained for
    disadvantaged,
  • Includes 833m for 16-18 apprenticeship starts
    but not the additional 40,000 SME incentive
    payments pledged under the Youth Contract
  • Focus on moving towards full participation
    efficiency savings allowing for increase in
    places of 34,000 for 2012/13
  • Transitional protection remaining to ameliorate
    impact of policy changes
  • Specific priorities for 2012/13 include reducing
    NEET numbers encouraging retention beyond age
    17 supporting FL progression helping those with
    additional needs
  • 16-19 Bursary Fund allocation to remain at 180m
    with transitional support to 2013
  • 107m capital funding aimed at SFC building
    improvement and additional places
  • Institutional allocations confirmed March 2012
  • 16-19 funding under consultation post Wolf, shift
    towards learner funded
  • Lagged model continuing for 2012/13
  • Equalisation of funding rate between schools and
    colleges continuing

9
2. Re-balancing curriculum requirements (1)
  • Overview
  • Focused heavily on NC Review, Wolf reforms, 16-19
    programmes, apprenticeship provision and VQ
    frameworks
  • Context of concerns about levels of performance
    in many subjects, ability to stretch and
    challenge, international comparisons, format of
    current curriculum, skill levels of school
    leavers, global skills challenge
  • Gov position identified through the White Paper,
    NC Review, Wolf Review, series of reports,
    captured in emphasis on facts, knowledge and
    principles
  • Current position
  • School provision subject to N.C. Review though
    emphasis on Eng/ma, reading test, core knowledge
    established
  • 16-19 provision based on Wolf model
  • Work-based provision driven by apprenticeship
    funding and reform
  • Post-19 provision increasingly employer designed
    and driven

10
2. Re-balancing curriculum requirements (2)
  • N.C. Review Expert Panel Interim Report
  • Broad messages. Need to
  • Reflect best practice from abroad
  • Simplify and give schools greater freedom
  • Provide opportunities for acquisition of
    essential knowledge
  • Distinguish between the NC and the wider school
    curriculum
  • Specific points
  • Existing subjects retained but some
    re-categorisation of subjects
  • Eng, ma, sci remain core with detailed PoS and
    ATs
  • PE removed to Foundation Subjects along with
    Geog, History, Art and Music (except _at_KS4) and
    MFL (? about KS1) condensed PoS, minimal ATs
  • D/T, ICT, Citizenship classified as Basic
    Subjects along with PSHE. No change to RE or
    careers. Statutory but schools determine content
  • Development of oral language as an underpinning
    feature
  • Key Stage structure retained but modified
    potentially to a 2-2-2-2-3 model with KS2 split
    to a 2 x 2 format, KS3 reduced to 2 yrs, KS4
    extended to 3 yrs
  • Reporting procedures largely as before but
    consideration of a ready to progress model of
    reporting at primary stage and possible knock-on
    effect for league tables

11
2. Re-balancing curriculum requirements (3)
  • 16-19. Driven by Wolf reforms
  • Emphasis on a more coherent 16-19 framework with
    common principles
  • Eye on progression essentials and market needs
  • Backbone of Eng/Maths a substantive
    time-serving qualification
  • Provision for established VQs remaining
  • FL focused on essential skills for progression
  • Apprenticeship route enhanced
  • School-work transition based on work exp rather
    than classroom exp
  • Institutional autonomy to be applied
  • Matched funding system based on learner not
    programme
  • Other developments
  • Development of Maths Free Schools a reminder of
    the challenge here
  • Impact of HE fees likely to lead to some
    re-assessment of HE progression
  • Increasing push to establish a defined voc
    pedagogy
  • RPA coming, demographic drop continuing,
    diversity of providers emerging
  • New performance measures likely

12
3. New forms of accountability (1)
  • Significant shift in approach, less tabular, more
    composite
  • Mix of league tables, headline measures,
    reporting instruments, driven by increase in data
    levels and transparency demands
  • Emphasis on breadth rather than volume
  • Current developments include
  • Inclusion of more sophisticated data in 2011
    tables
  • Retention of existing equivalency system for more
    2 yrs
  • Removal of CVA in favour of targeted data on
    differential ability/background groups
  • Retention of EBacc largely in current form as
    information measure
  • Creation of new criteria and equivalence system
    for future league table
  • Application of new floor targets

13
3. New forms of accountability (2)
  • Current position
  • Publication of new listing for 2014 tables,
    future cycle established
  • New grading and no-notice announcement for
    inspection system, clear focus on procedures for
    improvement
  • Channel for parental comment created
  • New inspection regime for FE from Sept 2012
  • Recording of progress of Pupil Premium pupils
    from Sept 2012
  • 16-18 Destination reporting from 2013
  • Other metrics under consideration

14
4. Supporting the transition for young people (1)
  • Part of a global trend but an acid test for
    Government
  • Details set out in a range of Papers including
    the Wolf Review, the Social Mobility Strategy,
    the Youth Contract, 16-19 Participation Strategy,
    Youth Vision
  • 3 key concerns
  • A poor record in managing the transition from
    school to work
  • Continuing underlying concerns about the work
    readiness of many young people
  • Worries that in certain parts of the country poor
    school outcomes and depressed industries are
    creating toxic conditions for young people
  • Continuing context of bleak market conditions
  • Labour conducting own School-Work Review
  • Recent Comission Report calling for range of
    measures including new local network of Youth
    Employment Partnerships
  • Next set of market indicators due March 2012

15
4. Supporting the transition for young people (2)
  • Current measures
  • Reform of the VQ system
  • Commitment to raise the participation age
  • Development of the work-based route through
    apprenticeship growth
  • Development of UTCs, Tech Academies, Maths Free
    Schools
  • Launch of a Youth Contract offering internships,
    placements and support
  • Deployment of incentives to encourage employers
    to take on more young people
  • Dedicated programme to provide support for NEETs
  • Accelerated referrals and extra support through
    JCP
  • Development of sector-based work Academies
  • Development of new work exp model tested out in
    colleges
  • Provision of a National Careers Service
  • Development of the National Citizen Service

16
5. Developing the skills needed for economic
growth and competition (1)
  • Overview
  • Important priority for the Government, details
    developed through a range of Papers
  • Growth Plan
  • National Infrastructure Plan
  • National Planning Policy Framework
  • Skills Investment Strategy
  • Red tape Challenge
  • Wolf Review
  • Youth Contract
  • Apprenticeship developments
  • Developed in the context of skills and market
    forecasting by the OBR, UKCES, SSCs, lead
    employer bodies as well as by the OECD, IMF
  • Joint Treasury and BIS leadership
  • Aim is to generate conditions for growth, raise
    skill levels, focus on winning sectors, improve
    global competitiveness

17
5. Developing the skills needed for economic
growth and competition (2)
  • Finer details
  • Phase 1 of Growth Plan launched with Budget 2011,
    covered 7 priority areas and 8 sectors inc Adv
    Manu, Digital and Creative Industries, Retail,
    Tourism, Prof and Bus Services, Healthcare and
    Life Sciences
  • Phase 2 reported alongside Autumn Financial
    Statement, focus on education and skills, open
    data, infrastructure, business needs
  • Current activity includes
  • Reform of VQ system
  • Creation of technical route for young people
  • Development of apprenticeship system
  • Introduction of Youth Contract
  • Focus on STE(A)M
  • Support for enterprise activity and zones
  • Creation of catapult centres
  • Launch of Research and Innovation Strategy
  • Review of operation of qualification market

18
5. Developing the skills needed for economic
growth/competition (3)
  • Apprenticeships
  • Key element of Government policy, Treasury
    backed, central component of Youth Contract,
    development of higher app funding and progression
  • Increase in budget and numbers (140,200 starts)
    targeted for 2012/13
  • Latest (final quarter 2011) stats
  • 131,70000 starts for 16-19, 143,400 starts for
    19-24
  • 83,300 framework achievements for 16-19, 77,000
    for 19-24
  • 4 recommendations under Wolf
  • Review of programmes to include gen ed components
  • Provision of subsidies to cover off the job
    training
  • Simplification of contracting arrangements
  • Support for GTA model
  • Latest (Dec 2011) announcements include minimum
    requirements on programme lengths, requirements
    to provide Eng/ma, review of some frameworks,
    speedier vacancy advertising system
  • Current policy debate centred on brand stretch,
    pre- app models, programme lengths and fee
    burden. Series of reviews coming

19
6. Ensuring a smooth transition to new school,
FE, HE systems
  • For schools
  • Diversification of supply side, strategic role
    for LAs, increasing institutional autonomy, fewer
    intermediary agencies, more transparent
    accountability, review of staff mobility and pay
    structures, nibbling away at school holidays
  • For FE
  • Increasing liberalisation to encourage new
    business models and partnerships, streamlined
    funding and audit procedures, outcome incentive
    measures, new customer facing accountability,
    devolved skill system, emerging voc pedagogy
  • For HE
  • Continuing emphasis on smooth transition,
    widening participation and value for money
    through greater customer information and powers
  • Monitoring of impact on application trends and
    key subjects ongoing, detailed Report due Dec
    2012
  • Proposals for the new regulatory regime, bidding
    process for 2013/14 and HE-Business collaboration
    due shortly
  • Numbers control mechanisms in place, Gov keen
    to lift numbers cap within lifetime of Parliament
  • Review of UCAS admissions system ongoing

20
What to look out for
  • The emerging shape of the new school curriculum
  • The impact of the current debate on standards
  • Models of school improvement
  • School-work transition
  • Green shoots
  • Any Diamond Jubilee/Olympic bounce
  • A happy ending
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