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OCR Resistant Materials


OCR Resistant Materials In this presentation you will find descriptions of GCSE Coursework and Examinations. Use all this information to assist your pages in coursework. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: OCR Resistant Materials

OCR Resistant Materials
  • In this presentation you will find descriptions
    of GCSE Coursework and Examinations.
  • Use all this information to assist your pages in
    coursework. Every detail you need to cover is

Brief introduction to OCR GCSE
  • OCR Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations
  • Course consists of A4 Coursework folder with
    Practical product and 2 written Exams
  • Exams can be taken at 2 levels, Foundation and
    Higher. Grades that can be achieved will depend
    on the level you are entered for
  • Foundation G-C Higher
  • 60/40 weighting on coursework and exam.
  • Objectives carry different marks total 100 marks
  • Overall mark /105 (5 marks for presentation )

GCSE Coursework
  • You will start your coursework during year 10.
  • You will also carry out a series of projects
    alongside your coursework to gain skills and
  • The coursework folder is divided into 6 parts
    called objectives. Each objective has a title.
  • Each objective must show evidence of various
    tasks. You will be marked on how successfully you
    have completed these tasks.
  • You will be guided through the objectives one by
    one and then it is up to you to put your best
    into each section.
  • Self-motivation is a very important process to
    achieving the best grade possible.
  • You must keep up to date with deadlines and ask
    for help whenever you need it.
  • You will be working on this project for
    approximately 40 hours. Make sure you pick a
    product which you are very interested in.
  • Finally you will need to buy a plastic folder to
    contain your course work. (See your teacher for
    which type to buy)

Recommended Books
  • Total Revision.
  • GCSE DT Resistant Materials
  • By Colin Chapman. Editor Jayne de Courcey
  • ISBN 0-00-713624-2
  • You can order this at
  • WH smith 9.99
  • WWW. Collinseducation.com

Page 1
  • Name (Type your name here and print
  • Course OCR GCSE Resistant Materials
  • Course Code 1956

Resistant Materials
  • Products are all around us. New products are
    always being developed and some are totally new
    ideas. However the majority are existing products
    redesigned to suit current trends and fashions.
  • A design is a solution to a problem.
  • The problem is our starting point.
  • When a problem needs to be solved a Design Brief
    is needed.
  • A Design Brief gives the aim of a design problem.
    It states the kind of item which will be designed
    and made.
  • On the next slide are three different problems.
    You will need to choose one problem as your
    starting point.

  • The storage of small items continues to be a
    problem in many homes. Investigate.
  • Cut and paste onto page 4 of your course work,
    (Chosen problem).

Objective 1 (4 marks)
  • Identification of a need or opportunity
    leading to a design Brief

This is page 2 of your coursework. This is the
Objective or Chapter heading 1. Delete this text
box only then print this page and insert into
your folder.
Page 2
Objective One Tasks to Complete
  • Provided a description of the design need using
    various means of communication.
  • NEED Why is this product needed?
  • 2. Identified the range of users for which the
    product is intended.
  • USER Who will use the product?
  • 3. Identified the market for which the product
    is intended.
  • MARKET Where the product will be sold?
  • 4. Develop a design brief for a marketable
  • BRIEF What product are you making and
    who will use it?

Page 3
Delete this text box only and print page.
Example of Problem
  • Problem
  • Educational toys can help people learn important
    information in a fun and pleasurable way how can
    this be applied to a product.
  • To write a Design Brief from this problem, you
    need to generate ideas and gather information
    relevant to the problem.

Brain Storm Ideas
Cartoons Funny Animals People
  • Building Blocks

Jig Saws
Climbing Frames
Educational Toy
Users Groups
Children Adults Elderly Teenagers
Ride on Toys
Wooden Toys
Sensory Toys
Draw a brainstorm for all educational toys you
can think of. Think of who will use it. What
themes could you incorporate. Remember this is an
example. You will brainstorm the problem of your
A Good example of a pupils brainstorm
Gather Information on Existing Products
  • Gather research from places such as Photographs,
    Magazines, Catalogues or brochures.
  • Produce an A4 Mood Board/Theme board with
    relevant images of Toys.
  • Analyse these images and write a few notes about
    several of the images such as Price, Size,
    Material, Age suited for etc.
  • These pages go towards the first 3 tasks.
  • I want your and others personal views on these.
  • Dont forget to talk to other people and get
    their thoughts.

Writing a Design Brief
  • I will design and make a quality educational
    toy for the Early Learning Centre, aimed at 3-8
    year olds for use in the home
  • Now complete the Objective One Tasks.

Chosen Problem
Paste the problem from slide 7 here.
In this text box you will need to insert writing
detailing your chosen problem. What? Why?
How? When you have completed this attach your
theme board as the background. Theme board is a
selection of images connected with your
problem. You can delete this writing once you
have understood what you need to do.
Page 4
The Need/Opportunity
Insert a Brainstorm on this page around the
theme of your problem. See slide 11 for example.
Page 5
Research into the market.Who, Where, What?
Create as simple questionnaire to find out
answers to these points. Give out these
questionnaires to 10 people and then display your
findings using a mixture of text and charts or
graphs. Delete this text box and print
  • 1. How much would you spend on a (insert the
    product/problem you have chosen.)
  • 2. What sex are you. Male / Female
  • 3. What age group do you come into
  • child, Teenager, Young Adult, 20s-30s,
    40s-50s, 60s-70s
  • 4. Where would you go to buy this product.

Page 6
Market Range
  • In the top row of the table below place three
    different images of the product you are thinking
    of making
  • One cheap, one middle priced and one expensive.
  • Under each image write the price range of each
  • Delete this text box only when you have completed
    the task.

Page 7
Design Brief
In this text box write out your design breif, see
slide 13. This is the end of objective one.
Page 8
Objective 2 (12 marks)
  • Research into the Design Brief which leads to
    a detailed Specification
  • This is the Objective or Chapter heading 2.
  • Print this page and insert into your folder,
    dont forget to delete this text box only.

Page 9
Objective Two Tasks to Complete
  1. Examined the intended purpose, form and function
    of the product?
  2. Undertaken appropriate surveys, identifying and
    evaluating how existing products fulfill the
    needs of their intended users'?
  3. Identified and collected data relevant to the
    product? What.
  4. Identified and collected data relevant to the
    users of the product? Who.
  5. Developed a detailed specification?
  6. Does your detailed specification include the
    capability for batch production?

Print this page and insert into your folder,
dont forget to delete this text box only
Page 10
Analysis of Brief
The following slides will show you what you need
to do and how.
  • This page explains how, where and what you will
    need to do now you have a design brief.
  • I will collect images on existing products from
    magazines, catalogues, internet, writing letters
    to companies, photographs.
  • I will compile a questionnaire/survey to find
    other peoples views
  • I will use a computer/ graphs to show results
  • I will analyse various pieces of information to
    enable me to design a suitable product
  • Now write your own analysis of your brief.

Examining the purpose of a product
  • It is important now to find out why? And how?
    Your chosen product was used in the past or is
    used currently. You can then compare it to see
    how it is used today- is it just the same?
  • Break down your headings into WHO? WHAT? WHERE?
    HOW? Purpose- What it is for?
  • Form- What it is like? What it is made of?
  • Function- How does it do what it does?

Identify and evaluate existing products
  • Find 4 good quality images of existing products
    of similar to your product. You now need to
    analyse these images
  • Materials used to construct what type of material
    is it.
  • Theme, pattern, design has it.
  • Size
  • Price range
  • How it is constructed, what joining methods are
  • Your view- like or dislike and why? Is it
    suitable for your target group?
  • What pre manufactured components are used.
  • How are they made.

Questionnaire/survey and results
  • This is the 2nd survey in this coursework.
  • Your product , shop and target group should have
    been identified from objective 1 survey.
  • This questionnaire identifies more specific
    design features such as what materials are used,
    the size, the price, colour, design, construction
    method etc.
  • Remember to evaluate your findings.
  • What does it show and how will this help you now?

Letter to Shops for research
  • Write a letter or email a company for
  • You are asking for relevant information on their
    products, brochures that may help you?
  • A copy of this letter can be added to your
    project with a note to say why you wrote and if
    they replied.

Detailed Specification
  • This is a detailed description of the product you
    are going to make. It will give details of
    materials, dimensions, colour,size etc and MUST
    be written as bullet points!
  • You should try and answer the following points
  • Function of your product- What is the purpose of
    your product?
  • Performance- How and where is the product meant
    to work?
  • Appearance- Colour, shape, pattern, decoration,
  • Materials- suitable materials. Characteristics of
  • Manufacture- it will be made in a batch of 50
    (all of you will write this)
  • Cost- use your market research to suggest your
  • Target market- which group of people is your
    product aimed at?
  • Size- dimensions
  • Life in service- how long should your product
  • Safety- safe regulations you may need to look at?
  • Quality- You will use gigs, templates and or
    other means by which to assure quality and
    consistency of the production of your
    product.(all of you must write this)

Similar Products
Insert image here of similar product and carry
out tasks described on slide 23
Page 11
Similar Products
Insert image here of similar product and carry
out tasks described on slide 23
Page 12
Similar Products
Insert image here of similar product and carry
out tasks described on slide 23
Page 13
Similar Products
Insert image here of similar product and carry
out tasks described on slide 23
Page 14
Develop a questionnaire as described on slide 24
you need to find out as much relevant information
as you can so make sure your questions are good
ones. Also use a font size which allows you to
put all the questions on one page. Hand out to
10 or more people and analyse your findings. You
can use charts or graphs to display these
findings in a clear way. You may need to insert
more pages dont forget to re number the pages.
Page 15
On this page write down what you have
discovered. What will you include in your product
and why?
Page 16
Page 17
Objective 3 (12 Marks)
  • Generation of Design proposals

Page 18
Objective Three Tasks to Complete
  1. Generate a range of design proposals
  2. Check design proposals against design
    specification and review and modify them if
  3. Identify chosen design proposal for product
  4. Present design solutions using a range of graphic
    techniques and ICT including computer-aided
    design (CAD), to generate, develop, model and
    communicate design

Page 19
Delete this text box only and print page.
Design Ideas
  • You will now have an exact product in mind and
    now you need to start designing your own ideas.
  • Use all the images collected and data to help
  • You should produce at least 4 design ideas.
    Spread them over various pages so you have enough
    room to write and describe each idea.
  • Draw at least your final idea using CAD Computer
    Aided Design, Pro-desktop. (You will not get full
    marks if some of your work is not drawn in this
  • Describe your ideas with colours, clear
    evaluative thoughts. Suggest decoration, material
    used, design features, construction methods.
  • Annotate your images by drawing arrows to link up
    ideas and thoughts.

Final Design
  • You need to draw up your final chosen design in
    detail and annotate clearly.
  • You need to colour it appropriately
  • Write an evaluative reason for choosing this
    design over other designs.
  • Re-address your specification- does it meet the
  • Write how.
  • Make sure you have written that it is your final
    chosen design at the top of the page.

Design ideas
Page 20
Design ideas
Page 21
Design ideas
Page 22
Design ideas
Page 23
Objective 4 (12 Marks)
  • Product Development

Page 24
Objective Four Tasks to Complete
  • As a result of investigation, testing or
    trialling, make reasoned decisions about
    materials production methods pre-manufactured
    standard components. 
  • Consider how materials are prepared for
    manufacture and how pre-manufactured standard
    components are used. 
  • By modeling, apply test procedures ensuring the
    product meets the original design brief and its
    fitness for purpose
  • Consider when developing the product, the
    implications for quantity manufacture of
  • Materials and components
  • Tools, equipment and processes
  • Critical dimensions and tolerances. 
  • Develop a control system to be used in the
    manufacture of their product. 
  • Be flexible and adaptable in responding to
    changing circumstances and new opportunities
  • Make any necessary modifications to the chosen
  • Give details of the final design including a
    final product specification.

Page 25
In Objective 4 you need to
  • This objective is all about testing and
  • You need to produce samples of various parts of
    your product appropriate to what you are
  • For example Make a sample joints to show how you
    might construct your product.
  • Test these joints for strength. Which one will
    you use and why?
  • Test materials or find secondary information
    which tells you about materials and their uses.
  • Write this information in your own words, it is
    no use if you do not show your findings.
  • Pre-manufactured components. Which ones will you
    use and why.
  • Just remember to evaluate your decisions. What,
    when, where, how, why you are choosing these
    materials and methods.
  • (tick charts filled out with conclusion of
    results on the same page)

In Objective 4
  • You will need to cover
  • - materials Wood, metal, plastic.
  • - Pre-manufactured Components (fixings, bolts,
    screws etc.)
  • - Processes (production methods) (Batch, one
    off, mass etc)
  • You must show evidence of 3D modelling your

Quality Control systems
  • Discuss what Control Systems are?
  • What is Quality Assurance?
  • You need to relate these 2 systems to your
    product- How and where will these checks come
    along in the making of your product?

Material Investigations
  • You need to explore all the different kinds of
    materials and processes for your product.
  • All materials have different performance
    characteristics or properties.
  • Which material is most suitable?
  • What material have you chosen and why?
  • What are the characteristics of the materials.

End of objective 4 you must have
  • Final specification- this may have changed while
    you have been testing Materials and modelling.
  • You need to write a final specification now.
  • It must have exactly the correct information you
    require to make the product. ( in industry a
    worker would use a specification to assist the
    making so it has to be exact).
  • Final working drawing of your product with all
    dimensions and descriptions to complete the
    working drawing. This can be printed from your
    Pro-desktop design with all the dimension on the
    drawing. (If you an give this to someone and they
    can make your product without talking to you it
    is a good working drawing, if not do it again.)

Material Investigation.
Write here information which is relevant to the
materials you are thinking of using.
Page 26
Pre-manufactured component Investigation.
Write here information which is relevant to the
Pre-manufactured components you are thinking of
using. (look on the internet and copy paste some
pics etc)
  • Screws, nails, hinges, clips, brackets etc
    Pictures of them with brief description of each.
  • Choose relevant components for your product and
    explain reasons for choices

Page 27
Insert images of your modelling either actual 3D
or computer generated models.
Photos from your own phones or on my camera must
be added
Page 28
Construction method Investigation.
Write here information which is relevant to the
construction methods you are thinking of using.
Look on http//www.technologystudent.com/
Copy paste some pics of different joints etc and
write a brief description of each. (min of 4)
Choose one for your product and explain why
Page 29
Control system.
Gig, template or other device to control
production. Take photographs and place here with
Page 30
Working drawing.
Orthographic drawing
Page 31
Final Specification
My (Insert your product) will be
You must now write up your final specification
with all of the additions/modifications from your
original (obj 2) due to your investigations
Page 32
Objective 5 (52 marks)
  • Product Planning and Realisation

In other words the cutting lists, time plans and
the making of the product!
Remember half of your coursework marks come from
this objective alone!!!
Page 33
Objective Five tasks
  • Tasks to be completed
  • Produce a plan of action which considers
    materials, pre-manufactured items, equipment,
    processes and health and safety issues against an
    order of work and the need to make products that
    match the design specification
  • Select and use tools, equipment and processes
    effectively and safely
  • Economically prepare materials/pre-manufactured
    items for production, allowing for waste and fine
  • Complete a quality outcome suitable for the
    intended user or users, ensure that their outcome
    functions effectively
  • Be prepared to adapt working procedures in
    response to changing circumstances use a range
    of skills and techniques appropriate to the task
  • Where appropriate apply a range of industrial
    techniques when working with familiar materials
    and processes.

Page 34
In objective 5 you need to
  • Produce a plan of action which shows a thorough
    understanding of how the product should be made.
  • You can use text and images to show the process
    of making.
  • Use a flow chart or gant chart to show the step
    by step process of the making. Microsoft word has
    Auto shape symbols to produce one of these.
    (Usually found at the bottom left of MS word
  • Include relevant quality control points and the
    industrial manufacturing process. (Batch

Production Methods
  • Systems are used in industry to manage a process.
    A process is the way a product is made.
  • Systems can affect quality, efficiency and cost
  • Systems are made up of 3 parts
  • Input Process
  • Manpower making of product
  • Materials
  • Components
  • Machines

Flow Charts Explained
In objective 5
  • Tools and equipment page.
  • You should explain each tool and each piece of
    equipment to say how it was used and what it did.
  • Costing sheet (could be done on excel) you should
    make reference to the existing product sheets
    where you gathered relevant info on costs.
  • Does yours fit your specification.
  • Compare prices to the user. Could they afford

Your final product in Objective 5
  • Your product is marked within objective 5 that is
    why this objective carries 52 marks.
  • All products should be made to a high standard so
    that they can be classed as a marketable product.
    It must show a range of skills.
  • List the new skills you have gained throughout
    this project.
  • You must photo graph your process this proves it
    is your work, and show the development of your
    product. These only need to be small thumb nail
    images. (Not one to a page.)
  • Final detail will give you a quality outcome.

Time Plan
Page 35
Tools, equipment, Processesand safety.
  • Add both details of hand and power tools with
    safety rule for each.
  • Add risk assessment sheet

Page 36
Photo sheet
Page 37
Objective 6 (8 marks)
  • Evaluation and Testing

Page 38
Objective Six tasks
  • Tasks to be completed
  • evaluate your products to ensure that they are of
    a suitable quality for intended users
  • carry out testing, resulting in reasoned
    conclusions that suggest any necessary
    modifications to improve the product
  • review whether they have used resources
    appropriately e.g. time, materials, equipment and
    production methods
  • Analyse the performance of their manufacturing
    control system in the production of the prototype.

Page 39
Objective 6An Evaluation is a process used to
ensure that the product matches the specification
criteria that you set
  • You need to evaluate your product against the
  • Fitness for purpose
  • Design Need
  • Needs of the intended user(s)
  • Quality, with the effective use of materials and
  • The process of designing and making
  • Use the bullet point headings from your
    specification in objective 6 and explain each in

Evaluate against Specification
  • Write detailed description on the following from
    specification for example
  • Suitability for target
  • Theme
  • Quality of product
  • Materials
  • Life in service
  • Cost
  • Planning (objective 4- experimentation etc)
  • Successes of your product and the process.
  • Time taken
  • Size
  • Manufacture
  • Environmental issues
  • Health and safety issues
  • Overall of whole product

Objective 6 evaluating and testing
  • Developing your product further- suggest
    modifications you could make to your product to
    enhance its target market.
  • Peoples opinions- you must gather peoples
    opinions on your product. Constructive words not
    just Its nice, brilliant, excellent.
    Descriptive words!
  • Include a photograph of your product being used.

Evaluation against quality
  • What quality control checks did you perform
    throughout the making of your product? How
    successful were they in the production of a
    quality outcome?
  • How did you check the quality of existing
    products before making your own?
  • How did you check the final quality of your

Page 40
Photo of product in use.
Page 41
Check !!!!
  • Look through the objectives and check that you
    have completed ALL the tasks.
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