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Exploring the Scientific and Laboratory Animals Industry

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Exploring the Scientific and Laboratory Animals Industry Lesson 11 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Exploring the Scientific and Laboratory Animals Industry


1
Exploring the Scientific and Laboratory Animals
Industry
  • Lesson 11

2
Next Generation Science / Common Core Standards
Addressed!
  • HS-LS4-4. Construct an explanation based on
    evidence for how natural selection leads to
    adaptation of populations. Clarification
    Statement Emphasis is on using data to provide
    evidence for how specific biotic and abiotic
    differences in ecosystems (such as ranges of
    seasonal temperature, long-term climate change,
    acidity, light, geographic barriers, or evolution
    of other organisms) contribute to a change in
    gene frequency over time, leading to adaptation
    of populations.
  • HS-LS2-8. Evaluate the evidence for the role of
    group behavior on individual and species chances
    to survive and reproduceClarification Statement
    Emphasis is on (1) distinguishing between group
    and individual behavior, (2) identifying evidence
    supporting the outcomes of group behavior, and
    (3) developing logical and reasonable arguments
    based on evidence. Examples of group behaviors
    could include flocking, schooling, herding, and
    cooperative behaviors such as hunting, migrating,
    and swarming.

3
Bell Work
  • List types and methods of animal research.
  • Describe what animals are used in laboratory
    research.
  • Explain models and management used for laboratory
    animals.

4
Terms
  • Animal by-product tissue
  • Applied research
  • Basic research
  • Clinical research
  • Laboratory animals
  • Living animals
  • Nonhuman primates
  • Nonliving research

5
Interest Approach
  • Ask the question How do humans know if products
    are safe for use? Generate discussion on the
    benefits of using animals to test products and
    provide medical advances.

6
List types and methods of animal research.
7
What types and methods are used for animal
research?
  • Laboratory animals
  • Animals - used and raised for research done in
    laboratories
  • provided many advances for humans
  • pros and cons for using animals for research
  • benefit to human health has been extremely
    important

8
Types of Research
  • Animal by-product tissue
  • animal tissue taken from animals and then used
    for other purposes
  • parts taken are from tissue, organs, and any
    other needed parts
  • Basic Research
  • research carried out in nature or in a lab that
    will increase understanding of diseases and life
    processes
  • used to provide data and usually does not have a
    predetermined goal

9
Types of Research
  • Clinical Research
  • research that focuses on a specific problem and
    is conducted in a medical facility
  • often uses the species that is intended to
    benefit as subjects
  • New drug development for example
  • Applied Research
  • Research that has a specific goal, like
    developing a vaccine for a disease

10
Describe what animals are used in laboratory
research.
11
What animals are used in lab research?
  • Many species are used for research
  • ability to live in very little space and
    reproduce quickly makes some animals better
    suited for research.

12
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13
What animals are used in lab research?
  • Mice
  • account for over 90 of animals used
  • small, easy to handle, reproduce quickly and
    require little money to keep
  • Rats
  • mainly for behavior and nutrition studies
  • require little space
  • well tempered
  • Hamsters
  • small, stout, furry animals
  • more aggressive than mice and rats
  • care needs to be taken when handling
  • Guinea pigs
  • similar to hamsters
  • very calm
  • easier to handle
  • reproduce quickly
  • live successfully in a confined area

14
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15
What animals are used in lab research?
  • Rabbits
  • used for drug testing
  • they experience some of the common ailments of
    humans
  • Cats
  • studies with the brain
  • research is easier since brain is less complicated
  • Dogs
  • used in lab research
  • surgical studies
  • physiological experiments
  • more space is required to house them

16
What animals are used in lab research?
  • Nonhuman Primates
  • animals that are more similar to humans than any
    other animal
  • monkeys
  • communication experiments
  • Other Creatures
  • lobsters used to study nerves since their nervous
    systems are simple

17
Explain models and management techniques used for
laboratory animals.
  • Objective 3

18
What models and management techniques are used
for lab animals?
  • use of animals for research is a well managed in
    a strictly controlled area
  • models have been developed to ensure proper use
    of lab animals
  • 4 basic research animal models
  • living animals
  • tissue cultures
  • nonliving systems
  • human-created computer models

19
What models and management techniques are used
for lab animals?
  • Living animal
  • one that is used when it is alive and can respond
    to treatments
  • only used when it is completely necessary
  • Tissue cultures
  • taken from animals and then used in experiments
  • Nonliving research
  • done to relate movement or injury to animal
    systems
  • Computer models
  • used to quicken experiment results

20
What models and management techniques are used
for lab animals?
  • Many specific regulations
  • Must meet acceptable standards
  • approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use
    Committee
  • Allowed based on the Animal Welfare Act of 1985
  • enacted to assure acceptable use of animals
  • Inspections done by Animal and Plant Health
    Inspection Service and the Public Health Service
    in every state.

21
What models and management techniques are used
for lab animals?
  • 2 basic animal needs that are monitored
  • Nutrition
  • Environment
  • Nutrition
  • keep animals well fed
  • malnutrition could affect experiment results

22
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23
Review
  • What types and methods are used for animal
    research?
  • What animals are used in lab research?
  • What models and management techniques are used
    for lab animals?

24
The End!
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