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The American Colonies Declare Independence


Title: PowerPoint Presentation - American Revolution Review Author: Madison Middle School Last modified by: Agnello, Amanda Created Date: 11/4/2004 6:10:05 PM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The American Colonies Declare Independence

The American Colonies Declare Independence
  • Fill in your notes as we go through this
  • Use Sticky Notes to write down any questions you
    may have as we go so we can discuss.

The French and Indian War
  • 1754 to 1763 war fought over the land in America
    between the English and French.
  • It was called the Seven Years War in Europe.
  • Called the French and Indian War because the
    Indians helped the French in the war against the
    British. The Indians had nothing to lose. The
    British were taking their land, the French were
  • The British won, but at a cost a lot of money.

Join, or Die Political Cartoon by Benjamin
FranklinA political cartoon calling for American
colonies to band together for protection against
Indians and the French. First published in the
Pennsylvania Gazette on May 9, 1754.
The American Revolution was like a parent/child
  • Lets examine what this means.

  • French and Indian War cost a lot of money.
  • Parliament (the British government) decided to
    tax to colonies to help pay for it.
  • The first tax was the Sugar Act of 1764. It
    placed a tax on molasses and sugar imported by
    the colonies.
  • Stamp Act of 1765 placed a tax on all printed
    material, such as newspapers and playing cards.
  • This tax upset the colonists even more.

No Taxation without Representation
  • The colonists claimed no taxation without
    representation because they were being taxed but
    had no vote in Parliament and had no say in how
    the colonies were being governed.
  • The colonists started a boycott, or a refusal to
    buy certain goods, from the British.

American political cartoon showing a man aiming a
gun at a man representing colonial America He
tells a British member of Parliament, "I give you
that man's money for my use", to which the
American responds by saying, "I will not be
robbed". Boston is burning in the background.
Sam Adams and the Sons of Liberty
  • Samuel Adams led the protests in Boston against
    the taxes.
  • He began a secret society called the Sons of

Tar and Feather
  • The Sons of Liberty used violence to scare off
    the tax collectors.
  • The Stamp Act was repealed (to do away with)
    because of all the protests.

Townshend Revenue Acts
  • Taxes on glass, paint, oil, lead, paper, and tea
    were applied with the design of raising 40,000 a
    year for the administration of the colonies
  • The result was the resurrection of colonial
    hostilities created by the Stamp Act.

The Boston Massacre
  • Colonial men were shouting insults at the British
  • They started throwing things, probably snow balls
    and rocks.
  • Someone yelled fire and the Red Coats (what the
    British soldiers were called) shot.
  • Five colonists were killed. These were the first
    Americans killed in the War for Independence.
  • Sam Adams started calling the incident the Boston
    Massacre. He used the incident to get more people
    angry at the British.

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A Tax on Tea
  • Parliament began taxing tea. Tea was the most
    important beverage in the colonies.
  • The colonists decided to boycott all British tea.

The Boston Tea Party
  • Colonists dressed up like Mohawk Indians and
    boarded three British ships full of tea.
  • The colonists dumped all the tea into the harbor,
    about 90,000 pounds.
  • King George III was furious!

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The Intolerable Acts
  • Laws passed to punish the colonists for the
    Boston Tea Party.
  • The port of Boston was closed until the tea was
    paid for.
  • The Quartering Act was put into place which
    forced colonists to quarter, or house and supply
    British soldiers.

More Tea Parties
  • Boston was not the only city to have a tea
  • They took place in Charleston, New York,
    Annapolis, and others.

The burning of the Peggy Stewart in Annapolis.
Political cartoon showing the reaction to the
Boston Tea Party
First Continental Congress
  • A group of important men met to discuss the
    crisis in the colonies.
  • Militias were set up. (citizen soldiers)

Battles of Lexington and Concord
  • April 18, 1775
  • The British hoped to capture Samuel Adams and
    John Hancock at Lexington and destroy military
    supplies stored at Concord.
  • Paul Revere hears of the British soldiers plan
    and rides to warn the militias in Lexington and

Lexington and Concord
  • April 19, 1775
  • The British soldiers arrive in Lexington with the
    towns minutemen ready for battle. The first
    shot fired is known as The shot heard around the
  • The British soldiers arrive in Concord where the
    battle continues.
  • Significance The American Revolution begins with
    the battles of Lexington and Concord.

Second Continental Congress
  • May 1775
  • The Second Continental Congress meets in
    Philadelphia with John Hancock serving as the
    president of the Congress.
  • They form the Continental Army and George
    Washington becomes the General.

Battle of Bunker Hill
  • June 17, 1775- Charlestown, MA
  • The Patriots knew that if they could gain control
    of Breeds Hill, they could use cannons to fire
    down on the British in Boston.
  • The Patriots lost the battle but successfully
    killed many British soldiers.
  • It showed that Patriots would need allies to
    supply gunpowder and assistance if they wanted to
    win the war.

Common Sense
  • Common Sense, written by Thomas Paine was a
    pamphlet that encouraged colonists to declare
    independence from Great Britain.
  • Common Sense was very influential because it was
    read by many people.

The Declaration of Independence
  • The United States first needed to declare
    independence from Great Britain.
  • Thomas Jefferson, at the young age of 33, wrote
    the Declaration of Independence.
  • The Declaration of Independence was signed on
    July 4, 1776.
  • That is why we celebrate Independence Day on July
  • This is the day that the United States of America
    declared their independence from King George and
    Great Britain.

Declaration of Independence
  • The document listed the ways King George III had
    abused his power. Those who signed were seen as
    traitors to Great Britain.
  • Four Major ideas were reflected in the
    Declaration of Independence

all men are created equal
  • Not all men were treated equally because women,
    Native Americans and slaves were not recognized
    as equals.

They are endowed by their Creator with certain
unalienable rights that among these are life,
liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
  • Rights cannot be denied

That to secure these rights, governments are
instituted among men, deriving their just powers
from the consent of the governed
  • The purpose of government is to protect the
    rights of the people.

whenever any form of government becomes
destructive of these ends, it is the right of the
people to alter or to abolish it,
  • If the government does NOT protect the rights of
    the people, the people have the right to make
    changes to their government.

Brainpop Video on the Declaration of Independence
  • https//

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Benjamin Franklin
  • Benjamin Franklin, one of the most famous men in
    the world, was sent to France to ask for military
    aid as well as a loan.
  • And the war was on!

Key Battles of the Revolutionary War
  • October 1777 Battle of Saratoga
  • Britain wants control of the Hudson River.
    Americans met the British at Saratoga, NY. As
    Britains army was suffering heavy losses, the
    American army was getting larger. Volunteers
    came from nearby towns.
  • Because of this victory, France agreed to help
    the Americans with ships, soldiers, supplies and
    money against their long-time enemy, Britain.

Battle of Saratoga
  • http//

May 1780 The Siege of Charleston
  • The British attempt to capture Charleston. The
    tides and Palmetto log tree fort , Fort Moultrie,
    held the British off in the first attack.
  • The second attempt ended in British victory. The
    British blockaded the harbor, cutting off

January 1781 The Battle of Cowpens
  • Partisan forces (Soldiers who formed their own
    militia) fought when the British came near their
    home and helped the Continental Army to defeat
    the British.
  • The British retreated to Yorktown, a peninsula in

Fall of 1781- Battle of Yorktown
  • The Battle at Yorktown was the last major battle
    of the American Revolution.
  • George Washington had the strategy to surround
    and trap the British.
  • Nathaneal Greenes army came up from the south,
    while George Washingtons army came down from the
    north, and the French navy blocked the harbor by

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Battle of Yorktown
  • The British army found themselves out-maneuvered,
    defeated and therefore surrendered.

  • Treaty of Paris
  • Recognizes the US as a free and independent
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