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African American Culture

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African American Culture Presented by: Merissa Fontenot Teresa Cossey-Simpson Demographics 281,421,906 African Americans reside in US 54% in South, 19% in Midwest, 18 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: African American Culture


1
African American Culture
  • Presented by
  • Merissa Fontenot
  • Teresa Cossey-Simpson

2
Demographics
  • 281,421,906 African Americans reside in US
  • 54 in South, 19 in Midwest, 18 in Northeast
    and 10 in West
  • 3/5 of all African Americans live in ten
    particular states New York, California, Texas,
    Florida, Georgia, Illinois, North Carolina,
    Maryland, Michigan, and Louisiana

3
Demographics Cont.
  • New York, California, Texas, Florida and Georgia
    all have African American populations over two
    million
  • New York is has the largest population of African
    Americans at two 2.3 million, followed by Chicago
    with 1.1 million
  • Three other cities have notable black
    populations Detroit, Philadelphia, and Houston

4
Regional Populations
5
Texas Demographics
  • On a top ten ranking of the largest black
    populations in the Unites States, Texas holds
    three of the top positions
  • Houston (4) 1.9 million
  • Dallas (8), San Antonio (9) 1.1 million each
  • 118,988 African Americans reside in SETX
  • 22 of general population
  • Twice statewide percentage of 12

6
National Percentages
7
Origins in Americas
  • Does not begin with slavery
  • 1500s Africans exploring world
  • 1619 Jamestown 20 arrive in Jamestown, VA
  • As indentured servants
  • Treated same as white servants
  • Descendents historically free blacks and
    overrepresented in middle and upper classes

8
1700s
  • Great period of expansion in America
  • Indentured servitude becomes slavery
  • Transatlantic slave trade now in progress
  • 1702 Treaty of Utrecht
  • British accorded 30 yr. contract to send 5,000
    slaves a year to Spanish colonies
  • 1750 Georgia last colony to legalize slavery
  • Now law in all 13 colonies

9
The Slave Trade
  • 10,000 slaves/yr transported across Atlantic
  • Over the 300 yrs trade in force 10 to 20 million
    slaves brought to Americas
  • 1 to 4 million ended-up in
  • what would become US

10
Slave compound on the Gulf of Guinea, 1746
11
Published 1807
12
Branding Slaves
13
American Revolution
  • April 1776 Continental Congress votes to halt
    slave trade
  • Only to shut-down British commerce
  • July 1776 drafting Constitution
  • inalienable rights to life, liberty and pursuit
    of happiness
  • Thomas Jefferson owned over 200 slaves when wrote
    these words

14
3/5 Clause
  • 1789 Constitution ratified with clause equating
    negro to 3/5 of a white and provision to end
    slave trade within 20 yrs.
  • Actually gave southern states more political
    power and protected slave trade for another 20
    yrs

15
Auction Papers, 1842 and 1855
16
Free Blacks.
  • 1790 60,000
  • 1830 300,000
  • 1860 500,000
  • The fight to free all African Americans over the
    next 7 decades launched from abolished slavery in
    some states to those who simply escaped!

17
Abolition
  • Quaker Religion were among the 1st to protest the
    enslavement of African Americas, citing the
    practice as incongruent with Christian teachings
  • Antislavery societies were formed
  • These petitions with thousands of signatures were
    sent to Congress
  • They held meetings and conferences
  • They boycotted products made with slave labor
  • Gave innumerable speeches for their cause

18
Abolition Cont.
  • Leaders of an All Star Team
  • Fredrick Douglas
  • William Wells Brown
  • Sojourner Truth
  • Harriet Tubman
  • The unrelenting determination and perseverance of
    the abolitionists brought the issue of slavery to
    the ONLY war fought on American soil
  • Civil War

Sojourner Truth, 1864 (?)
19
May 21, 1831
20
1838
21
Emancipation
  • Civil War
  • 1861 the Confederate States opened fire at Fort
    Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina
  • January 1st 1863
  • President Lincoln issues the Emancipation
    Proclamation
  • Freeing slaves in all Confederate territories
  • Did not free those in Washing DC or the border
    states
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