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1968 and Nixon

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1968 and Nixon s Presidency – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 1968 and Nixon


1
1968 and Nixons Presidency
2
January 10
  • The 10,000th US airplane is lost over Vietnam.

3
January 31
  • At half-past midnight on Wednesday morning the
    North Vietnamese launch the Tet offensive at Nha
    Trang. Nearly 70,000 North Vietnamese troops will
    take part in this broad action, taking the battle
    from the jungles to the cities.
  • The offensive will carry on for weeks and is seen
    as a major turning point for the American
    attitude toward the war. At 245 that morning the
    US embassy in Saigon is invaded and held until
    915AM.

4
February 1
  • During police actions following the first day of
    the Tet offensive General Nguyen Ngoc Loan, a
    south Vietnamese security official is captured on
    film executing a Viet Cong prisoner by American
    photographer Eddie Adams.
  • The Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph becomes yet
    another rallying point for anti-war protestors.
    Despite later claims that the prisoner had been
    accused of murdering a Saigon police officer and
    his family, the image seems to call into question
    everything claimed and assumed about the American
    allies, the South Vietnamese.

5
February 4
  • Martin Luther King Jr. delivers a sermon at his
    Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta which will
    come to be seen as prophetic. His speech contains
    what amounts to his own eulogy. After his death,
    he says, "I'd like somebody to mention that day
    that Martin Luther King Jr. tried to give his
    life serving others. I'd like for somebody to say
    that day that Martin Luther King Jr. tried to
    love somebody... that I tried to love and serve
    humanity,. Yes, if you want to, say that I was a
    drum major for peace... for righteousness."

6
He had a dream
7
February 18
  • The US State Department announces the highest US
    casualty toll of the Vietnam War. The previous
    week saw 543 Americans killed in action, and 2547
    wounded.

8
March 16
  • Although it will not become public knowledge for
    more than a year, US ground troops from Charlie
    Company rampage through the hamlet of My Lai
    killing more than 500 Vietnamese civilians from
    infants to the elderly. The massacre continues
    for three hours until three American fliers
    intervene, positioning their helicopter between
    the troops and the fleeing Vietnamese and
    eventually carrying a handful of wounded to
    safety.

9
April 4
  • Martin Luther King Jr. spends the day at the
    Lorraine Motel in Memphis working and meeting
    with local leaders on plans for his Poor People's
    March on Washington to take place late in the
    month. At 6pm, as he greets the car and friends
    in the courtyard, King is shot with one round
    from a 30.06 rifle. He will be declared dead just
    an hour later at St. Joseph's hospital.

10
April 4 James Earl Ray shoots MLK
After an international man-hunt James Earl Ray
will be arrested on June 27 in England, and
convicted of the murder. Ray died in prison in
1998.
11
  • The King assassination sparks rioting in
    Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, Detroit, Kansas City,
    Newark, Washington, D.C., and many others. Across
    the country 46 deaths will be blamed on the
    riots.

12
May 3
  • The US and North Vietnamese delegations agree to
    begin peace talks in Paris later this month. The
    formal talks will begin on May 10.

13
June 3
  • Andy Warhol is shot in his New York City loft by
    Valerie Solanis, a struggling actress, and
    writer.

14
June 4/5
  • On the night of the California Primary Robert
    Kennedy addresses a large crowd of supporters at
    the Ambassador Hotel in San Francisco. He has won
    victories in California and South Dakota and is
    confident that his campaign will go on to unite
    the many factions stressing the country.
  • As he leaves the stage, at 1213AM on the morning
    of the fifth Kennedy is shot by Sirhan Sirhan, a
    24 year old Jordanian living in Los Angeles. The
    motive for the shooting is apparently anger at
    several pro-Israeli speeches Kennedy had made
    during the campaign.
  • The forty-two year old Kennedy dies in the early
    morning of June sixth.

15
June 28
  • A bill adding a 10 percent surcharge to income
    taxes and reducing government spending is signed
    by President Johnson. The president effectively
    admits it has been impossible to provide both
    "guns and butter."

16
September 7
  • Women's Liberation groups, joined by members of
    New York NOW, target the Miss America Beauty
    Contest in Atlantic City. The protest includes
    theatrical demonstrations including ritual
    disposal of traditional female roles into the
    "freedom ashcan."
  • While nothing is actually set on fire, one
    organizer's comment - quoted in the New York
    Times the next day - that the protesters
    "wouldn't do anything dangerous, just a symbolic
    bra-burning," lives on in the derogatory term
    "bra-burning feminist."

17
October 12
  • -The Summer Olympic Games open in Mexico City.
    The games have been boycotted by 32 African
    nations in protest of South Africa's
    participation. On the 18th Tommie Smith and John
    Carlos, US athletes and medalists in the
    200-meter dash will further disrupt the games by
    performing the black power salute during the
    "Star-Spangled Banner" at their medal ceremony.

18
October 31
  • President Johnson announces a total halt to US
    bombing in North Vietnam.

19
1968 Candidates
Wallace
Nixon
Humphrey
20
November 5
  • -Election Day. The results of the popular vote
    are
  • 31,770,000 or 43.4 percent for Nixon
  • 31,270,000 or 42.7 percent for Humphrey
  • 9,906,000 or 13.5 percent for Wallace
  • and 0.4 percent for other candidates.

21
November 26
  • -After stalling for months, the North Vietnamese
    government agrees to join in the Paris peace
    talks.

22
December 11
  • The unemployment rate, at 3.3 percent, is the
    lowest it has been in fifteen years.

23
1968?
24
Richard Nixon My Hero?
25
Tragic Childhood?
26
High School
27
Whittier College
28
Thelma Catherine (Pat) Ryan
29
Duke Law School
30
F.B.I. Agent? O.P.A. Instead
31
U.S. Navy
32
HUAC Searching for Reds
33
Alger Hiss-Communist?
34
(No Transcript)
35
Helen Gahagan Douglas A Pink Lady?
36
Tricky Dick?
37
Senator Nixon 1951-1952
38
Ike and Dick in 1952
39
The Checkers Speech
40
Dick and Checkers
41
Other Nixon Dogs
42
Vice President Nixon
43
The Kitchen Debates With Nikita Khrushchev
44
1960 TV Debates
45
A Sinister Chipmunk?
46
1962 Last Press ConferenceYou wont have Dick
Nixon to Kick Around Anymore.
47
Richard Nixon is a no-good lying bastard. He can
lie out of both sides of his mouth at the same
time, and if he ever caught himself telling the
truth, he'd lie just to keep his hand in." --
Harry S Truman.
48
Nixons Resurrection
49
Nixons The One
50
The New Nixon
51
Picture This
52
Nixon on the Home Front
  • Nixon also expanded Great Society programs by
    increasing appropriations for Medicare and
    Medicaid, as well as Aid to Families with
    Dependent Children (AFDC), and created the
    Supplemental Security Income (SSI), which gave
    benefits to the indigent aged, blind, and
    disabled, and he raised Social Security.
  • Nixons so-called Philadelphia Plan of 1969
    required construction-trade unions working on the
    federal pay roll to establish goals and
    timetables for Black employees.
  • This plan changed affirmative action to mean
    preferable treatment on groups, not individuals,
    and the Supreme Courts decision on Griggs vs.
    Duke Power Co. (1971) supported this.
  • However, whites protested to reverse
    discrimination (hiring of minorities for fear of
    repercussions if too many whites are hired).

53
  • The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was
    also created to help nature, as well as OSHA, or
    the Occupational health and Safety
    Administration.
  • In 1962, Rachel Carson had boosted the
    environmental movement with her book Silent
    Spring, which exposed the disastrous effects of
    pesticides, and in 1950, LA had already had an
    Air Pollution Control Office.
  • The Clean Air Act of 1970 and the Endangered
    Species Act of 1973 both aimed to protect and
    preserve the environment and made notable
    progress.
  • Worried about inflation, Nixon also imposed a
    90-day wage freeze and then took the nation off
    the gold standard, thus ending the Bretton
    Woods system of international currency
    stabilization, which had functioned for more than
    a quarter of a century after WWII.

54
Détente
55
Nixons Détente with Beijing (Peking) and Moscow
  • China and the Soviet Union were clashing over
    their own interpretations of Marxism, and Nixon
    seized this as a chance for the U.S. to relax
    tensions.
  • He sent national security adviser Dr. Henry A.
    Kissinger to China to encourage better relations,
    a mission in which he succeeded, even though he
    used to be a big anti-Communist. Nixon made the
    historic journey to China in February of 1972.
  • Nixon then traveled to Moscow in May 1972, and
    the Soviets, wanting foodstuffs and alarmed over
    the possibility of a U.S.-China alliance against
    the U.S.S.R., made deals with America in which
    the U.S. would sell the Soviets at least 750
    million worth of wheat, corn, and other cereals,
    thus ushering in an era of détente, or relaxed
    tensions.
  • The ABM Treaty (anti-ballistic missile treaty)
    and the SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks)
    also lessened tension, but the U.S. also went
    ahead with its new MIRV (Multiple
    Independently-targeted Reentry Vehicles)
    missiles, which could overcome any defense by
    overwhelming it with a plethora of missiles
    therefore, the U.S.S.R. did the same.
  • Result more MIRV missiles on both sides.
  • However, Nixons détente policy did work, at
    least a little.

56
Our Friends the Russians
57
Our Pal Mao
58
Dinner with Chou
59
This Certainly is a Great Wall!
60
Nixon the Great?
61
Happy Family Times
62
The President and the King
63
The Sportsman
64
Secret Plans
65
The Secret Bombing of Cambodia and the War Powers
Act
  • It was then discovered that there had been secret
    bombing raids in North Vietnamese forces in
    Cambodia that had occurred since March of 1969,
    despite federal assurances to the U.S. public
    that Cambodias neutrality was being respected.
  • The public now wondered what kind of a government
    was there if it couldnt be trusted.
  • Finally, Nixon ended this bombing in June 1973.
  • However, soon, Cambodia was taken over by the
    cruel Pol Pot, who committed genocide by killing
    over 2 million people over a span of a few years.
  • The War Powers Act of November 1973 required the
    president to report all committance of U.S.
    troops to foreign exchanges within 48 hours.
  • There was also a New Isolationism that
    discouraged U.S. troops in other countries, but
    Nixon fended off all efforts at this.

66
Peace with Honor?
67
Protests by Bums?
68
1972 Election
69
What Energy Crisis?
70
The Arab Oil Embargo and the Energy Crisis
  • After the U.S. backed Israel in its war against
    Syria and Egypt, which had been trying to regain
    territory lost in the Six-Day War, the Arab
    nations imposed an oil embargo, which strictly
    limited oil in the U.S. and caused a crisis.
  • A speed limit of 55 MPH was imposed, and the oil
    pipeline in Alaska was approved in 1974 despite
    environmentalists cries, and other types of
    energy were pursued.
  • Since 1948, the U.S. had been importing more oil
    than it exported, and oil production had gone
    down since 1970 thus marked the end of the era
    of cheap energy.
  • OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting
    Countries) lifted the embargo in 1974, and then
    quadrupled the price of oil.

71
Watergate
72
A Crook?
73
All the Presidents Men
74
Deep Throat?
75
The Tapes
76
Impeachable Offenses
  • Conspiracy to Obstruct Justice
  • Abuse of Power
  • Contempt of Congress
  • Unconstitutional Bombing of
  • Cambodia
  • (well go through the 15 cases of Watergate
    tomorrow!)

77
Resignation
78
Farewell
79
Gerald R. Ford (Leslie King)
80
Resurrection II
81
Nixons Monica
82
Death
83
Legacy
84
(No Transcript)
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