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Title: The Call of God to Old Testament Characters


1
The Call of God to Old Testament Characters
2
Lesson 9
3
Lesson TextI Samuel 161
I Samuel 161 And the LORD said unto Samuel, How
long wilt thou mourn for Saul, seeing I have
rejected him from reigning over Israel? fill
thine horn with oil, and go, I will send thee to
Jesse the Bethlehemite for I have provided me a
king among his sons.
4
Lesson TextI Samuel 164-6
I Samuel 164-6 4 And Samuel did that which the
LORD spake, and came to Bethlehem. And the elders
of the town trembled at his coming, and said,
Comest thou peaceably?
5
Lesson TextI Samuel 164-6
5 And he said, Peaceably I am come to sacrifice
unto the LORD sanctify yourselves, and come with
me to the sacrifice. And he sanctified Jesse and
his sons, and called them to the sacrifice. 6 And
it came to pass, when they were come, that he
looked on Eliab, and said, Surely the LORDS
anointed is before him.
6
Lesson TextI Samuel 167-9
I Samuel 167-9 7 But the LORD said unto Samuel,
Look not on his countenance, or on the height of
his stature because I have refused him for the
LORD seeth not as man seeth for man looketh on
the outward appearance, but the LORD
looketh on the heart.
7
Lesson TextI Samuel 167-9
8 Then Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass
before Samuel. And he said, Neither hath the LORD
chosen this. 9 Then Jesse made Shammah to pass
by. And he said, Neither hath the LORD chosen
this.
8
Lesson TextI Samuel 1610-12
I Samuel 1610-12 10 Again, Jesse made seven of
his sons to pass before Samuel. And Samuel said
unto Jesse, The LORD hath not chosen these.
9
Lesson TextI Samuel 1610-12
11 And Samuel said unto Jesse, Are here all thy
children? And he said, There remaineth yet the
youngest, and, behold, he keepeth the sheep. And
Samuel said unto Jesse, Send and fetch him for
we will not sit down till he come hither.
10
Lesson TextI Samuel 1610-12
12 And he sent, and brought him in. Now he was
ruddy, and withal of a beautiful countenance, and
goodly to look to. And the LORD said, Arise,
anoint him for this is he.
11
Lesson TextI Samuel 1613
I Samuel 1613 Then Samuel took the horn of oil,
and anointed him in the midst of his brethren
and the spirit of the LORD came upon David from
that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to
Ramah.
12
Focus VerseActs 1322
Acts 1322 And when he had removed him, he raised
up unto them David to be their king to whom also
he gave testimony, and said, I have found David
the son of Jesse, a man after mine own heart,
which shall fulfil all my will.
13
Focus Thought
God chooses to use people who have the raw
potential for greatness and develop them for His
glory.
14
I. David Was Faithful
Culture Connection Developing a Heart for God
How do we become a person that God would say is
a person after his own heart? How do we
develop a heart for God? The Navigators student
organization at Iowa State University mentioned
several important issues for a person to consider
if he desires to develop a heart for God
15
I. David Was Faithful
First, we must cultivate an attitude of
repentance. Our relationship with God begins
through repentance and it is improved in the same
way. Second, we must avail ourselves of His
grace. . . . Third, we must spend time with Him
regularly, and make room in our devotions for Him
to talk to us. Fourth, we must be confident of
His character. . . . Fifth, we must make it a
priority to worship Him continually. . . . Sixth,
we must pursue Him with passion. Not just admire
Him, but thirst after Him.
16
I. David Was Faithful
Seventh, we must be forgiving people. God has
forgiven us we must therefore forgive others. .
. . Eighth, we must obey the Lords commands. If
we love Him, we will be glad to do what He asks
(http//www.stuorg.iastate.edu/navigators/bin/2008
/Summer/01-AHeartforGod.pdf).
17
I. David Was Faithful
This is not an exhaustive list, but it certainly
comprises a good foundation for those desiring to
discipline themselves to grow in the likeness of
Jesus Christ. If we desire the call of God and
the opportunity to pursue His will, we must
determine to grow in His likeness and develop a
heart for Him.
18
Transparency 1
19
I. David Was Faithful
Contemplating the Topic
David was a man after Gods own heart. What a
description of ones character! What a model to
emulate! Abraham was known as the friend of God,
but the Lord described David as a man after Gods
own heart. (See Acts 1322.) Now he was ruddy,
and withal of a beautiful countenance, and goodly
to look to (I Samuel 1612).
20
I. David Was Faithful
Except for this simple description and Davids
own testimony of killing a bear and a lion, we
know very little of Davids early life. Had it
not been for the voice of the Lord speaking to
Samuels heart, the youngest son of Jesse may
well have been overlooked. When Jesses sons
were called before Samuel, he thought surely
Eliab, Jesses eldest, was the one to anoint as
the future king of Israel. But the Lord
instructed Samuel not to be deceived by outward
appearance
21
I. David Was Faithful
Look not on his countenance, or on the height of
his stature because I have refused him for the
Lord seeth not as man seeth for man looketh on
the outward appearance, but the Lord looketh on
the heart (I Samuel 167). God saw Davids
inner qualities that identified the young
shepherd as a man after Gods own heart. Chuck
Swindoll, in his book David A Man of Passion and
Destiny, described this youngest son of Jesse
22
I. David Was Faithful
The only one in all of the Scriptures to be
called a man after Gods own heart, this single
individual is mentioned more than any other Old
Testament character in the pages of the New
Testament. Poet, musician, courageous warrior,
and national statesman, David distinguished
himself as one of Gods greatest men. In battle,
he modeled invincible confidence. In decisions,
he judged with wisdom and equity. In loneliness,
he wrote with transparent vulnerability and
quiet trust.
23
I. David Was Faithful
In friendship, he was loyal to the end. Whether a
humble shepherd boy or an obscure musician before
King Saul, he remained faithful and trustworthy.
Even in his promotion to the highest position in
the land, David modeled integrity and humility.
With so many great characteristics from which
to draw, this lesson will attempt to explore just
a few.
24
I. David Was Faithful
Searching the Scriptures David Was Faithful
At a time when loyalty seems to be in short
supply, the life of David can serve as a model
for our lives. Ahimelech the high priest, shortly
before Saul ruthlessly murdered him, described
Davids character Who is so faithful among all
thy servants as David, which is the kings son in
law, and goeth at thy bidding, and is honourable
in thine house? (I Samuel 2214).
25
I. David Was Faithful
Ahimelech had nothing to gain personally by
highlighting Davids faithfulness. In fact, it
cost him his life. Faithfulness stands out and
speaks for itself. Too many Christians waste time
trying to be great, when the secret to greatness
is faithfulness. Being a shepherd may have been
an isolated and unsung job, but the Lord knew
exactly where David was. David was faithful even
when unobserved by others. Jesus declared, He
that is faithful in that which is least is
faithful also in much (Luke 1610).
26
I. David Was Faithful
The inner potential for greatness we later see
displayed openly in the life of David developed
during the days of his faithfulness in places of
lonely solitude.
27
Transparency 2
28
A. About His Fathers Business
  1. About His Fathers Business

When David received the call of God, he was
faithfully tending to his fathers business. He
was not lounging in his room fantasizing about
becoming great. Instead, he busied himself with
the work of his father. Many a great genius lies
buried in obscurity and contempt and God often
exalts those whom men despise and gives abundant
honour to that part which lacked (Matthew Henry,
vol. 2, p. 367).
29
I. David Was Faithful
Every child of God has been called to be about
his heavenly Fathers business. Jesus told a
parable of a man of noble birth who traveled to a
distant country, leaving some money in the care
of his servants before returning later to reclaim
it. And he called his ten servants, and
delivered them ten pounds, and said unto them,
Occupy till I come (Luke 1913). The message of
that parable really was not about money but about
the work of the church until Jesus returns. We
must be about our Fathers business.
30
I. David Was Faithful
The growth and prosperity of Apostolic churches
in the past forty years has tempted many members
to relax and enjoy the beauty and magnificence of
our church buildings with stained glass windows
and vaulted ceilings. As long as souls remain
lost, we must be about our Fathers business. If
we will busy ourselves with our Fathers work
today, He will take care of our future tomorrow.
A mans gift maketh room for him, and bringeth
him before great men (Proverbs 1816).
31
I. David Was Faithful
With so much kingdom work to be done, there is
no time to wait around for a desired position.
Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with
thy might (Ecclesiastes 910). Whether
maintaining and cleaning the church buildings and
grounds, door knocking and witnessing, or
teaching Bible studies, we must be about our
Fathers business.
32
B. A Humble Worker
  1. A Humble Worker

Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed
him in the midst of his brethren and the spirit
of the Lord came upon David from that day
forward (I Samuel 1613).
33
I. David Was Faithful
In David A Man of Passion and Destiny, Chuck
Swindoll described the scene as David arrived
from the field He walks into the house, still
smelling like sheep, and all of a sudden an old
man hobbles over and pours oil on his head. It
drips down his hair and drops on his neck. The
change in David did not stem from knowing he was
to be Israels king. Honor does not change the
truly humble. The change took place in his spirit.
34
I. David Was Faithful
As the Spirit of the Lord descended upon David,
an evil spirit from the Lord began to torment
Saul. One of Sauls servants suggested that
soothing music would relieve Sauls insane rages.
Saul demanded, Provide me now a man that can
play well, and bring him to me. The servant
replied, Behold, I have seen a son of Jesse the
Beth-lehemite, that is cunning in playing, and a
mighty valiant man, and a man of war, and prudent
in matters, and a comely person, and the Lord is
with him (I Samuel 1617-18).
35
I. David Was Faithful
Where would they find this great musician?
Staging concerts from city to city? He had
already been anointed king. Was he selecting his
transition team? No. David had returned to the
sheepfold with oil still dripping from his hair
and garments. Just as Jessie knew where to find
his son when Samuel called for him, Sauls
servant knew where they would find him.
Wherefore Saul sent messengers unto Jesse, and
said, Send me David thy son, which is with the
sheep (I Samuel 1619).
36
C. Developed His Faith
  1. Developed His Faith

David developed his faith while he kept busy
about his fathers business. His understanding of
the power in the name of the Lord did not come
upon him for the first time when he faced
Goliath.
37
I. David Was Faithful
He related his past experiences to Saul Thy
servant kept his fathers sheep, and there came a
lion, and a bear, and took a lamb out of the
flock and I went out after him, and smote him,
and delivered it out of his mouth and when he
arose against me, I caught him by his beard, and
smote him, and slew him. Thy servant slew both
the lion and the bear (I Samuel 1734-36).
38
I. David Was Faithful
Young Christians may find Gods training program
too slow and laborious, but God knows we must
learn to exercise our faith before we tackle a
giant. Paul cautioned Timothy concerning the
selection of elders Not a novice, lest being
lifted up with pride he fall into the
condemnation of the devil (I Timothy 36).
When the people of Israel prepared to enter the
Promised Land, the Lord gave them instructions
that provide an analogy of Christian growth.
39
I. David Was Faithful
I will send my fear before thee, and will
destroy all the people to whom thou shalt come,
and I will make all thine enemies turn their
backs unto thee. And I will send hornets before
thee, which shall drive out the Hivite, the
Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before thee. I
will not drive them out from before thee in one
year lest the land become desolate, and the
beast of the field multiply against thee. By
little and little I will drive them out from
before thee, until thou be increased, and
inherit the land (Exodus 2327-30).
40
I. David Was Faithful
Our Lord knows exactly what we can handle. If we
extend ourselves beyond the limitations of our
faith, Satan will attempt to destroy the work we
have already accomplished. However, if we wait on
God, He provides opportunities to test our faith
little by little. And we can rest assured that He
will not allow more to come upon us than we can
bear. (See I Corinthians 1013.)
41
II. David Feared the Lord
David Feared the Lord
Though David did not compose Psalm 111, he
probably knew this psalm and sang it. The fear
of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom (Psalm
11110). One of the reasons Solomon gave for
compiling the proverbs of his day into what
became known as the Book of Proverbs was that
the fear of the Lord is the beginning of
knowledge but fools despise wisdom and
instruction (Proverbs 17). Davids fear of God
was one of his finer characteristics.
42
A. When Facing the Giant
  1. When Facing the Giant

Goliaths cursing and defiance of God infected
the camp of Israel with fear. Instead of fearing
the Lord, they feared the enemy. In her book A
Heart Like His Intimate Reflections on the Life
of David, Beth Moore observed You see, if a
person fears God, he or she has no reason to fear
anything else.
43
I. David Was Faithful
On the other hand, if a person does not fear God,
then fear becomes a way of life. David feared God
so he did not fear Goliath. Saul did not fear
God. Thus he feared the opinion of others, the
enemy, and even a loyal young boy who played the
harp. Davids motive in visiting the
Israelites camp was not to seek personal glory,
but a response to his fathers request.
44
I. David Was Faithful
Take now for thy brethren an ephah of this
parched corn, and these ten loaves, and run to
the camp to thy brethren and carry these ten
cheeses unto the captain of their thousand, and
look how thy brethren fare, and take their
pledge (I Samuel 1717-18). David saw a giant
bedeviling Sauls army and, operating in the fear
of God, stepped to the front.
45
B. When Integrity Was Tested
  1. When Integrity Was Tested

There comes a time in the life of every believer
when he must rely on principle alone for
guidance. Often in that moment he has to stand
alone while others rationalize their disregard of
the principle. However, one cannot violate Gods
principles without consequence. One such
principle David refused to violate was touch not
mine anointed, and do my prophets no harm (I
Chronicles 1622).
46
I. David Was Faithful
Saul hunted David like a partridge, seeking to
kill him. On one of these manhunts in the Desert
of Engedi, Saul went by himself into a cave where
David and his men were hiding. Davids men
reminded him of a promise the Lord had given him.
Behold, I will deliver thine enemy into thine
hand, that thou mayest do to him as it shall seem
good unto thee (I Samuel 244).
47
I. David Was Faithful
Instead of taking advantage of the moment and
killing Saul, David did something that must have
seemed extremely unusual to this group of
ruffians David had developed into a fierce
fighting force. Then David crept up unnoticed
and cut off a corner of Sauls robe (I Samuel
244, NIV). It seemed that David had every
right to strike back in self-defense and take the
life of his enemy. However, instilled deep in his
conscience was this principle
48
I. David Was Faithful
Touch not mine anointed, and do my prophets no
harm (I Chronicles 1622). It would have been
easy to justify that he had been anointed king
and Saul had been deposed. But principle kept
David from murdering Gods anointed and even
smote his heart with conviction for cutting off
the corner of Sauls robe (I Samuel 245).
Later, an event in the Desert of Ziph again put
Davids integrity to the test.
49
I. David Was Faithful
He and Abishai crept into Sauls camp as the king
and his army slept. Not one of them woke because
a deep sleep from the Lord was fallen upon them
(I Samuel 2612). Abishai stood over Saul, ready
to pin him to the ground with his spear. Would it
not be better to end the life and reign of wicked
Saul? Again, David based his decision on
principle.
50
I. David Was Faithful
Abishai, Destroy him not for who can stretch
forth his hand against the Lords anointed, and
be guiltless? . . . As the Lord liveth, the Lord
shall smite him or his day shall come to die or
he shall descend into battle, and perish (I
Samuel 269-10). Inner principles bolster us
against the outer forces of life. David likely
developed many of these guiding principles on
lonely hillsides while tending sheep, praising
the Lord in song and memorizing His Word. We
must never neglect the discipline of
memorizing Scripture.
51
III. David Was a Man of Grace
David Was a Man of Grace
Grace is a concept often associated with the New
Testament. However, it is present in both the Old
and New Testaments. God first demonstrated grace
after the fall of man. God revealed His heart
when He searched and called for Adam and Eve
after they had disobeyed. God did not have to
extend His gracious hand to mankind because
mankind deserved to die. (See Genesis 217.)
52
I. David Was Faithful
However, the Lord is not . . . willing that any
should perish, but that all should come to
repentance (II Peter 39). David was a man of
grace. He knew both how to dispense grace and how
to receive grace.
53
A. When Administering Grace
  1. When Administering Grace

In Davids time, once a ruler had established
himself, it was a common practice to eliminate
any possible successors to the throne from a
previous monarch. No one would have blamed David
for doing so to Sauls offspring, especially
after Saul kept trying to kill him. However,
instead of executing all the descendants of Saul,
David looked for one to honor.
54
I. David Was Faithful
David said, Is there yet any that is left of the
house of Saul, that I may shew him kindness for
Jonathans sake? (II Samuel 91). In a
beautiful display of grace, David brought
Mephibosheth to his palace, restored to him the
land of his father, Jonathan, and invited him to
eat at his table the rest of his life (II Samuel
97). The restoration of his grandfathers
heritage and the provision of daily sustenance
exemplify beautifully how the Lord restores
sinners by His grace.
55
I. David Was Faithful
In a display of love comparable to the love of
God toward broken mankind, David expressed his
love to Mephibosheth. This son of Jonathan had
nothing to offer David as a cripple he had to
depend on others. But David did not extend his
love based on what Mephibosheth could do for him.
56
Transparency 3
57
I. David Was Faithful
If receiving the love of God depended on what
mankind can do for God, he would never experience
the love of God. But grace looks beyond mans
faults and sees his need. For the remainder of
his life, Mephibosheth ate at the kings table.
God grants mankind the same opportunity.
Regardless of the depth of sin, grace elevates
the former sinner to a heavenly place and feeds
him at the Kings table. (See Ephesians 26.)
58
I. David Was Faithful
Not only does the Lord administer grace, but
also He expects us to follow His example and
extend grace to others. Jesus told a parable of
an ungrateful servant who, after he had been
forgiven much, went out and found one who owed
him a trifling sum and put him in a debtors
prison. His lord, who had forgiven the ungrateful
man of so much, now delivered him to the
tormentors. (See Matthew 1823-35.)
59
I. David Was Faithful
We have been forgiven much more than we could
ever repay and will need grace from others as we
make our way through this life. Therefore it
behooves us to administer grace to others. Be
not deceived God is not mocked for whatsoever a
man soweth, that shall he also reap (Galatians
67).
60
I. David Was Faithful
Davids crop of kindness toward Mephibosheth
would soon reap forgiveness when he desperately
needed it. Instead of being delivered to the
tormentors, he found forgiveness. Instead of
remembering Davids sin, God remembered him as a
man after His own heart.
61
B. When Receiving Grace
  1. When Receiving Grace

It is hard to imagine that the man who wrote so
many beautiful songs about the goodness,
greatness, and holiness of God could break one
commandment after another without feeling the
sting of conviction.
62
I. David Was Faithful
Timothy Bollmann, in his sermon Creatures of
the Night, described an eclipse in Davids life
the period of time between the kings decision to
remain in the palace when he should have been on
the battlefield and Nathans prophetic utterance
a year later. When David blocked the light of the
sun from his life, the darkness brought out the
creatures of the night. These predatory creatures
are the works of the sinful nature that lurk
continually in our flesh, waiting for the sun to
go down.
63
I. David Was Faithful
In his book Temptation, Dietrich Bonhoeffer
stated, At this moment God . . . loses all
reality. . . . Satan does not fill us with hatred
of God, but with forgetfulness of God. J.
Oswald Sanders wrote, It was the breaking of the
Tenth Commandment (coveting his neighbors wife)
that led David to commit adultery, thus breaking
the Seventh Commandment.
64
I. David Was Faithful
Then, in order to steal his neighbors wife
(thereby breaking the Eighth Commandment), he
committed murder and broke the Sixth Commandment.
He broke the Ninth Commandment by bearing false
witness against his brother. This all brought
dishonor to his parents and thus broke the Fifth
Commandment. In this way he broke all of the
Ten Commandments that relate to loving ones
neighbor as oneself (Commandments Five through
Ten).
65
I. David Was Faithful
And in doing so, he dishonored God as well,
breaking, in effect, the first four Commandments
(J. Oswald Sanders, Bible Men of Faith, p. 13).
Yet God extended grace to David when Nathan the
prophet told him the story of a wealthy man who
took and killed the ewe lamb of a poor man. David
humbled himself and said unto Nathan, I have
sinned against the Lord (II Samuel 1213). That
moment revealed the characteristic that made
David a man after Gods own heart.
66
I. David Was Faithful
Unlike Saul who, even after committing a grievous
sin, ordered Samuel to honor him in front of the
people, David repented, not caring who found out
about his sin. (See I Samuel 1530.) The
introduction to Psalm 51 states, A Psalm of
David, when Nathan the prophet came unto him,
after he had gone in to Bathsheba. He cried to
God with a penitent heart Have mercy upon me, O
God, according to thy lovingkindness according
unto the multitude of thy tender mercies blot
out my transgressions.
67
I. David Was Faithful
Wash me throughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse
me from my sin. For I acknowledge my
transgressions and my sin is ever before me.
Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done
this evil in thy sight that thou mightest be
justified when thou speakest, and be clear when
thou judgest (Psalm 511-4). From the fall of
Adam to recent political scandals, mans attempt
to hide his sin has been his undoing.
68
I. David Was Faithful
God forgave David of his terrible sins, and He
will forgive us today if we will acknowledge our
sin and not try to hide it. A thirteen-year-old
Sunday school girl expressed what she found when
she repented
69
I. David Was Faithful
Repented Christian Soldiers are dedicated
Christ-like individuals . . . Christian Soldiers
need to have holiness . . . Christian Soldiers
set standards . . . Christian Soldiers dont love
the world, they love Jesus Christ . . . Christian
Soldiers have to have a clean temple . . .

70
I. David Was Faithful
I believe I am a Christian Soldier because I
believe I am doing these things. I sometimes
make mistakes, but Praise God, I can go to Him
in repentance. Tonya Marie Charlie
71
I. David Was Faithful
Internalizing the Message
David may have been the greatest of all Old
Testament characters. As poet, musician, warrior,
or statesman, David displayed virtues we should
strive to emulate. He judged with wisdom and
equity. He evidenced vulnerability and trusted in
God, even in the most difficult circumstances.
His loyalty to authority has never been equaled.
Whether a shepherd boy or a mighty king, David
modeled integrity and humility.
72
I. David Was Faithful
When studying the life of David, it is not
difficult to find imperfection in his character.
He lived much of his life with the knowledge that
the sword would never depart from his house as a
result of his sin. (See II Samuel 1210.) David
had used his position as king to take another
mans wife and then have him killed in an attempt
to cover his sin, and the consequences of those
sins followed him the rest of his life.
73
I. David Was Faithful
Yet, there was a quality in David that caused the
Lord to call him a man after mine own heart.
(See I Samuel 1314 Acts 1322.) Cains gross
lack of integrity caused him to live the life of
a vagabond. Demas found the price of loyalty too
great to pay and returned to the world he loved.
But David remained responsive to the voice of God
when other men would have covered their ears
until the sound of Gods voice was only a faint
memory.
74
I. David Was Faithful
As a result, we see David humbling himself under
the convicting power of Gods Spirit. For he
understood, The sacrifices of God are a broken
spirit a broken and a contrite heart, O God,
thou wilt not despise (Psalm 5117).
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