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Child Development Early Stages Through Age 12 Celia Anita Decker

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Title: Child Development Early Stages Through Age 12 Celia Anita Decker Author: student Last modified by: Student Created Date: 9/21/2011 8:04:38 PM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Child Development Early Stages Through Age 12 Celia Anita Decker


1
Child Development Early Stages Through Age
12 Celia Anita Decker
  • Chapter 3 Preparing for Parenting

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  • http//quizlet.com/13726651

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Introduction
  • Parenting is a rewarding and difficult task.
    Many people invest more money, time and emotions
    in their children than they do in any investment
    in their life.
  • Most parents want their children to have the good
    and not the bad parts of them. They hope their
    kids have opportunities they did not have.
  • Before having a child a couple MUST SERIOUSLY
    consider and discuss all aspects of parenting.

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Why Is It Hard to Be A Good Parent?
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  • Parenting skills are not automatic. A person may
    be able to biologically reproduce, but that does
    not necessarily mean he or she will be a good
    parent.

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Deciding About Parenthood
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  • Deciding whether to have children is a personal
    choice. The couple needs to be in agreement on
    the choice. Couples should discuss their
    feelings about parenthood before they marry.
  • The decision to parent is a permanent choice.
    (You cant send the baby back once its here).
    Once a parent always a parent.

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Reasons for Choosing Parenthood
  • Want to share our love with a child?
  • Wouldnt it be nice to have a cute little baby?
  • Our parents want grandchildren.
  • Our older child needs a brother or sister.
  • A child can make us proud.
  • Others will see me as a stable, reliable person.
  • A child will comfort us in our old age.
  • A child will make us love each other.

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Reasons for Not Choosing Parenthood
  • Were not ready for a child.
  • A baby costs a lot.
  • A child will tie us down.
  • A child will interfere with our careers.
  • Our child could be sick or disabled.
  • Our marriage could fail, and I dont want to be a
    single parent

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Factors to Consider
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How Children Affect Parents
  • Raising children is another name for parenting.
    This is only half the picture.
  • Parents must want more than to have a baby.
  • They must want and be willing to change along
    with this baby over many years.

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How Children Affect Relationships
  • Couples should consider before having children
  • Are we loving and sensitive to others needs?
  • Are we careful not to judge people and their
    ideas?
  • Can we recognize and respect others rights?
  • Are we self-disciplined?
  • Do we relate well to others?

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  • Are flexible enough to accept changes?
  • Are we brave about challenges?
  • Can we be honest about our feelings for others?
  • Do we have the time and energy to give to
    children?
  • Do we want to share much of our time together
    with children?
  • Are we doing in our daily lives what we want our
    children to do?

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Children, Relatives, and Friends
  • Good relationships with others are positive for
    the couple and their possible children.
  • Do our relatives and friends share our basic
    priorities?
  • Can we ignore small differences in beliefs?
  • Can we ask for advice and also use our own
    judgment?
  • Can we avoid abusing others generosity,
    including time and money?

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Sharing Responsibilities
  • Couples should examine how they feel about home
    care responsibilities.
  • Are we happy with the way we share
    responsibilities?
  • Do we appreciate each others help?
  • Do we feel equally important in efforts to reach
    our goals?
  • If we become parents, will there be major changes
    in the way we share responsibilities?
  • Can we agree on how to divide home and child care
    tasks?

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Managing Finances
  • Couples must realize children cost a lot. The
    first year is expensive and expenses grow as the
    child grows.
  • Each additional child increases the cost. Think
    about finances before becoming parents.

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  • How do we earn and spend our money now?
  • Are we happy with our budget?
  • Do we have regular savings we could use to meet
    child-related expenses? If not can we adjust our
    budget to meet such expenses?
  • Can we expect more income or lower expenses
    during the next few years to help offset
    child-related costs?
  • What type of savings goals do we need for a
    child?
  • What is the estimate of child-related expenses
    for the first and next several years?

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Managing Careers
  • Couples must decide whether they will both work
    or whether one will care for children at home.
  • Parents must also decide how much time they will
    take from work when the bay is born.

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Maternity Paternity Leave
  • Maternity leave time a woman takes off from work
    for the birth or adoption of a child.
  • The length of leave varies from company to
    company, six weeks is often the minimum length
    offered.

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  • Maternity may be paid, partially paid, or unpaid.
  • Most working moms return within three months of
    the birth or adoption.
  • This leave gives the mom time with the baby and
    adjust to a new situation.

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  • Paternity leave time a man takes off from work
    (usually without par) for a set period after a
    child birth or adoption.
  • At the end of the leave the company must off the
    father a job and salary comparable to the one he
    left.
  • A few companies pay for this.
  • If leave is unpaid the men may choose not to take
    off.

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  • Family Medical Leave Act protects the rights of
    many women and men to take unpaid maternity or
    paternity leave.
  • This law applies to the companies in the US with
    50 or more employees. It grant employees 12
    weeks of unpaid leave per year to take care of
    family members in certain situations.

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Problems with Family Work
  • Working parents often encounter problems as they
    care for their families.
  • Questions Dual Career Couples should ask
  • Can we find good child care during working hours?
  • Can we balance job demands and childrens needs?
  • Can we work out mutual responsibilities for child
    and home care tasks?
  • Can we work out mutual responsibilities for child
    and home care tasks?

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Family Planning
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  • Family Planning happens when a couple decides how
    many children they want and when to have them.
  • Birth Control Methods to help couples delay
    having children until they decide to conceive.

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  • Couples should talk to their doctor about their
    choices. The doctor can explain each method
  • A. How the method works to prevent pregnancy?
  • B. How successful the properly used method is at
    preventing pregnancy?
  • C. Directions for using the method.
  • D. The methods possible side effects and risks,
    including future fertility.
  • E. The methods cost.
  • The doctor will review the couples health
    history and give them a complete check up.

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  • Keep in mind when planning families
  • Consult your doctor, get to your pre-pregnancy
    weight, prenatal vitamins, suggest a nutritional
    diet, and recommend less caffeine, no alcohol or
    smoking.

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Infertility and Sterility
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  • About 88 of all couples who try to conceive will
    do so within a year.
  • Couples who do not conceive within a year are
    known as infertile.
  • About 37 of women under the age of 35 will later
    conceive. This percentage drops a great deal
    after this age. Most will need medical
    assistance and some will do it on their own.

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  • The remaining couples will not successfully
    conceive, for one or both partners are sterile.
  • Sterile means the couple will be permanently
    unable to carry their fully biological child.

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  • 1/3 of women and 1/3 of men are infertile.
  • The remaining cases are caused by both partners
    or by unknown reasons.
  • Reproductive diseases and problems with the
    reproductive organs are the main causes of
    infertility and sterility.

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Overcoming Infertility
  • Fertility counseling consists of determining the
    reasons for the fertility problems and exploring
    treatment options.
  • Artificial insemination occurs when the sperm is
    introduced into the vagina or uterus by a medical
    procedure rather than by sexual relations.
  • In vitro fertilization (IVF) when some of the
    mothers eggs are surgically removed and
    fertilized with sperm in a laboratory dish. Few
    days later the egg is implanted into the moms
    uterus.

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  • Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) occurs when
    a mixture of sperm and eggs is placed in the
    womans fallopian tubes, where fertilization can
    occur. Multiple pregnancy can occur.
  • Surrogate mother, the woman who bears a child for
    a couple. If a wife cannot carry a baby, the
    couple might consider using one.

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  • TestChapter 3 Preparing for Parenting
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