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Old Testament Survey: Book of Jonah

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Old Testament Survey: Book of Jonah Now the word of the LORD came to Jonah the son of Amittai, saying, Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry out ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Old Testament Survey: Book of Jonah


1
Old Testament Survey Book of Jonah
  • Now the word of the LORD came to Jonah the son
    of Amittai, saying, Arise, go to Nineveh, that
    great city, and cry out against it for their
    wickedness has come up before Me. Jonah 11,2

2
Background
  • Meaning of name dove.
  • Best-known of Minor Prophets.
  • Carried the message of peace and salvation to
    Nineveh.
  • Jonahs home Gath-hepher, four miles north of
    Nazareth.
  • Jonah lived during the time of Jeroboam II, king
    of Israel (780 B.C.).
  • Contemporary with Amos, Hosea, and possibly Joel.

3
The Occasion
  • Nineveh, capital city of Assyria--a powerful,
    wicked, and cruel nation.
  • Inflicted great suffering on many people.
  • God sent Jonah to preach a message of repentance
    to the wicked city.
  • This shows Gods concern, even for the most
    wicked of people and nations.
  • He wanted to spare themif they would repent!

4
Keys to the Book of Jonah
  • Key wordRepentance
  • Key PhraseLet them turn every one from his evil
    way. (38)
  • Key Verses27-9
  • When my soul fainted within me, I remembered the
    LORD and my prayer went up to You, into Your
    holy temple. Those who regard worthless idols
    forsake their own mercy. But I will sacrifice to
    You with the voice of thanksgiving I will pay
    what I have vowed. Salvation is of the LORD.

5
The Books Purpose
  • Gods mercy.
  • He is also the God of the Gentiles.
  • He is willing to forgive and redeem sinners.
  • Christ in the book of Jonah.
  • Prophesying Christs death, burial, and
    resurrection.
  • Jonah, a type of Christ.
  • Matthew 1238-41 Luke 1129-32

6
Miracles in Jonah
  • Mighty tempest (14)
  • Sudden calm (115)
  • The great fish prepared by God (117)
  • Jonahs deliverance from the fish (210)
  • Gourd prepared to shade Jonah (46)
  • Worm prepared to smite the gourd (47)
  • Sultry east wind sent by God (48)

7
Jonahs Uniqueness
  • Only one of the latter prophets who wrote in the
    narrative form.
  • Only minor prophet whose career miracles played a
    major role.
  • Only prophet whose principal activity took place
    on foreign soil, where he preached to foreign
    people.
  • Only minor prophet mentioned by Jesus.
  • Only OT character whose record includes a trip on
    the Mediterranean.

8
The Books Message
  • Running from God.
  • Called by God to preach to Nineveh.
  • Jonah went to Joppa, and took a ship to Tarshish
    (opposite direction).
  • God sent a great wind, which threatened the ship
    with destruction.
  • They threw the cargo overboard as Jonah slept
    down in the ship.
  • Lot fell on Jonahcast into the sea at his
    request.
  • Great fish prepared by God swallowed himspent
    three days and nights in the belly of the fish.

9
The Books Message
  • Turning to God.
  • Jonah thought he would die, but God allowed him
    to live.
  • In the belly of the fish, with seaweed in his
    face and hair, God made it possible for him to
    breath.
  • From this helpless state, Jonah turned to God.
  • He repented and pleaded for Gods mercy.
  • He learned the folly of running away from God.
  • He learned that disobedience has consequences.

10
The Books Message
  • Running with God.
  • For the second time, God commissioned Jonah to
    preach to Nineveh.
  • He gave them 40 days to repent!
  • Jonah didnt argue he arose and went to the
    city.
  • Upon entering Nineveh, Jonah preached to kings,
    nobles, and the common people.
  • The king proclaimed a fast and called upon the
    people to turn from their evil ways.
  • God changed His mind and spared Nineveh!

11
The Books Message
  • Disappointing God.
  • Jonah was displeased because God spared the city.
  • He pouted he wanted the city destroyed!
  • He became so angry, he wanted God to take his
    life.
  • God took pity on Jonah and made a gourd vine to
    furnish him with shade from the heat.
  • Then, God prepared a worm that damaged the vine
    so it died. Again, Jonah became angry and asked
    to die.
  • God was using a gourd vine to teach Jonah the
    value of a lost soul!

12
Lessons From Jonah
  • Universality of Gods presence
  • Psalm 1397-12
  • God loves all nations
  • Acts 1034,35
  • God wants men to repent
  • Acts 1730
  • One cannot run away from God
  • Hebrews 413

13
Lessons From Jonah
  • Nineveh--an approved example of true repentance
  • Matthew 1241
  • The teacher has only to preach the message
  • 2 Timothy 21-4
  • Contrast between selfishness and value of life
  • Colossians 312-14
  • Foreshadowing the length of time between the
    Lords death and resurrection
  • John 219-21
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