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Construction Education for Engineers and Technical Professionals

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Title: Construction Education for Engineers and Technical Professionals


1
Construction Education for Engineers and
Technical Professionals
  • 26 November 2007

2
  • ESM status and support
  • ESM and MBA
  • Civil and Construction Engineering
  • Construction Management
  • Graduate Certificates
  • Current Plan
  • Need Advice and Support

3
(No Transcript)
4
Construction Management
  • Demand for construction managers
  • Many new programs
  • Demand for construction management education
  • How does that relate to UAF?
  • CEE?
  • ESM?

5
Engineering Management at UAF - History
  • Founded at UAF in 1959
  • 6th Engineering Management Program in U.S.
  • John Hilpert ( Larry Bennett, 1971)
  • Started Anchorage courses 1961
  • UAF faculty flew
  • Added Science Management in 1960s
  • What is Engineering Management? Engineering
    Management is the art and science of planning,
    organizing, allocating resources, and directing
    and controlling activities which have a
    technological component. ASEM

6
1966 Hilpert Memo to Dean
  • The Engineering Management Program was designed
    for graduate engineers who have sufficient
    experience to be ready for supervisory and
    managerial assignments.
  • To prepare engineers in Alaska for more
    responsible jobs.
  • To improve management of engineering operations
    in the State.

7
2002 Graduate Comment
  • The ESM program was great for me, because it
    filled in all the nooks and crannies that an
    undergrad engineering program typically doesnt
    have time to cover, such as legal principles,
    accounting, a strong focus on project management,
    etc. One obviously has to have a solid
    engineering background, but you cant succeed in
    an engineering firm without these other skills to
    round out your knowledge.

8
Dilberts take
9
  • 1961-1999, Combined UAF, UAA, NTU, two to four
    faculty, plus some admin
  • 560 masters degrees, 14.3 grads/yr
  • 1990-1999, UAF, one full-time faculty
  • 5.2 grads/yr
  • 2000 first Ph.D.
  • Lt. Col. Jim Buckingham
  • 2001-2007, one half full-time faculty
  • 3.3 graduates per year

10
Chicken or Egg?
  • Short of faculty leads to fewer students
  • Fewer students leads to fewer faculty
  • Consider engineering MSs
  • General employment situation of engineers is good
    sellers market
  • Full-time MS does not pay for US Citizen
    engineers
  • Evening courses are demanding
  • Lack one-to-one correspondence with

11
Contrast ESM with MBA
  • ESM and SoM have great relationship at UAF
  • Engineers with MBA do well compared with EM degree

12
Courses, typical
EM MBA
Human Element Similar Similar
Finance and Accounting -
Project Management -
Statistics, OR Similar Similar
Non-mgt. Electives -
Marketing -
Capstone Project Similar Similar
13
Construction
  • Major industry in Alaska
  • Non-exportable
  • About 1/3 CE graduates go into directly
  • Most the rest are involved

14
Civil and Construction Engineering
  • Both ABET curricula
  • CE must teach four major CE sub-disciplines
  • Structural
  • Geotechnical
  • Environmental/Sanitary
  • Transportation
  • Hydraulics/Hydrology/Water Resources
  • Surveying/Measurements
  • Construction

15
Construction Engineering
  • proficiency in engineering design in a
    construction engineering specialty field
  • construction processes, communications, methods,
    materials, systems, equipment, planning,
    scheduling, safety, cost analysis, and cost
    control
  • economics, business, accounting, law,
    statistics, ethics, leadership, decision and
    optimization methods, process analysis and
    design, engineering economics, engineering
    management, safety, and cost engineering

16
Design Specialty?
  • College One requires four steel and concrete
    design courses plus surveying
  • College Two requires one course each in
    structures, geotech, transportation,
    environmental
  • College Three requires structures and surveying

17
CE and Const E Overlap
  • Construction Engineers will obtain PE as Civils
  • Academically, most Construction engineering is
    part of CE department
  • All Construction Engineers will study some (CE)
    design
  • Some programs there is no real difference, Con E
    is just elective in CE program

18
CE with two electives
  • CEE 481 Civil Engineering Project
    ManagementCivil engineering project management
    and administration, planning and scheduling, cost
    estimating and bidding strategies, financial
    management, quality control and safety, and
    computer applications.
  • CON 496 Construction Contract AdministrationSurve
    ys administrative procedures of general and
    subcontractors. Studies documentation, claims,
    arbitration, litigation, bonding, insurance, and
    indemnification. Discusses ethical practices.

19
Engineering and Construction Management
  • Construction Management is not ABET
  • Gradient between Engineering and Construction
    Management, no definite standards.
  • If the CM program is close to engineering, the
    fewer construction-related specialized courses
  • Some are essentially liberal arts with some
    little math and science, but construction-related
    courses

20
Undergraduate CM Classes
  • 35-45 cr. General requirements
  • 15-21 cr. Math, computer, and science
  • 12-18 cr. General business
  • 20-30 cr. Technical construction
  • 3-6 cr. Estimating
  • 9-12 cr. Technical management

21
Technical not management
  • Methods of building construction
  • Civil technology
  • Structural technology
  • Safety
  • Cost estimating
  • Mechanical and electrical technology
  • Codes and standards

22
General business
  • Business law
  • Economics, macro and micro
  • Financial and managerial accounting
  • Real estate and finance

23
Technical Management
  • Construction Project Management
  • Project Planning and Scheduling
  • Construction Equipment Management
  • Principles of Construction Management
  • Leadership and Foundations of Construction
  • Construction Modeling and Data Structures
  • Law, Contracts and Specifications
  • Construction Documents and Quality Control

24
Graduate CM degrees MS
  • Quite varied
  • Three good schools
  • One only has three required courses
  • Construction Productivity
  • Project Management
  • Construction Company Financial Control

25
Second has more general
  • Construction Operations,
  • Managing Fabrication,
  • Construction, estimating,
  • Sustainable development,
  • Organizational design,
  • Managing engineering and construction companies,
    leadership
  • Real estate.

26
Third has more technical
  • CE 798 Selected Topics in Construction seminar
  • CE 825 Project Management for Construction CE
    826 Construction Cost Estimating CE 827
    Contracts and Specifications CE 828 Risk
    Analysis CE 829 Construction Operation Analysis
    - scientific study of operations, modeling,
    productivity, work-motion CE 830 Information
    Systems in Project Management CE 831 Engineering
    for Construction I Methods and Technologies MG
    601 Organizational Behavior

27
ESM CM
Human Element
Finance and Accounting
Project Management
Quantitative Decision Making
Non-mgt. (Engineering/Technical) Electives Large
Estimating
Construction Management Electives Large
Capstone Project None
28
So Far
  • ESM is not MBA. CBNC
  • Leverage synergy
  • CM is not CE or Const E, usually
  • CM is not design
  • ESM is not CM
  • ESM lacks technical construction
  • Less technical management

29
CM possibilities
  • Have associates degree in CM
  • Could add Construction Engineering to Civil BS,
    would not be a large leap
  • But no advantage for students
  • Would need resources to start CM MS
  • Smallest would be one full-time, if ESM was fully
    staffed and with SoM.
  • Might not get the students to justify

30
Graduate Certificates
  • Growth industry in engineering education
  • Typically 12 to 15 graduate credits
  • Generally acceptable towards MS
  • Rolla indicates 11 of 29 departments have
    certificate programs

31
U. M. Rolla
  • Admission Requirements
  • at least one year of post-BS professional
    engineering experience
  • satisfaction of the prerequisites for any course
    taken in the program
  • Program Requirements
  • Each individual certificate program consists of
    four courses. To receive a graduate certificate,
    a student must earn a cumulative grade point
    average of 3.0 or better in the program.
  • The Option to Continue
  • Certificate program students will have
    non-matriculated status. If, however, a student
    completes each of the four courses with a grade
    of B or better, the student can be admitted to a
    corresponding master's degree program. In this
    case, the certificate courses the student has
    taken will count towards the chosen master's
    program.

32
Stevens Tech, 21 certificates
  • Graduate Certificate programs are generally four
    course, 12 credit programs geared
    to students who
  • Are interested in improving their current skills.
  • Are considering new career paths within industry.
  • Have been out of school for sometime, and want to
    resume their studies without committing to a full
    30 credit Master's Degree program.
  • Already hold an advanced degree, but wish to
    continue their studies in a new or related area.

33
Certificates Sell
  • (Many private universities are marketing)
  • Focused on narrow area
  • Get credential faster
  • Often marketed to industry, i.e.,
  • Design of Pharmaceutical Facilities
  • Value Chain Enterprise Systems
  • Pharmaceutical Process Engineering
  • Often distance delivered
  • Often dont need MS to complete BS degree

34
Negatives ?
  • Not research orientated
  • Commercial rather than academic
  • Does not fit academic mold/mould
  • Extension School material
  • (All these are only negative from academics)

35
AK DOT Classes
  • Asked UAF to offer some construction management
    classes last spring
  • UAF generated preliminary information
  • Met with AK DOT to refine
  • Gary Tyndall took plan to contractors, owners,
    AGC, etc.

36
Owners Wanted
  • Focus on industry-identified needs
  • Concentrate on human interactions, not design
    skills
  • Avoid overlapping existing courses, such as TVC
    and AGC

37
Details
  • emphasize management skills, more than technical
    skills.
  • orient the program towards individuals who have
    engineering or technical bachelors degrees, and
    who have several (say 5 to 10) years of
    subsequent work experience.
  • offer training sessions in short, concentrated
    modules, which can be completed and applied
    quickly.
  • offer the training at times and locations that
    are convenient for individuals who are working
    regular, full time jobs, and during seasons that
    minimize conflict with construction activities.

38
UAF wants
  • (I think)
  • High academic standards
  • Credit production
  • No extra resources needed
  • Not interfere with research
  • Suspend the laws of thermodynamics
  • Perpetual Motion Machine

39
Student/employees Want
  • Skills
  • Advancement
  • Confidence
  • Money
  • Sheepskin

40
First, Early, Draft of Certificate Program
  • Had Four Discipline Area
  • Human interactions and communications (4-6
    credits)
  • Construction project management (4-6 credits)
  • Construction contract administration (4-6
    credits)
  • Other Areas (3-4 credits total)

41
1.) Human interactions and communications (4-6
credits)
  • Ethics and professional responsibility
  • Human resources laws and practice
  • Incentive, recognition, and reward systems
  • Labor relations
  • Training and development programs
  • Recruiting, selection, performance appraisal
  • Leadership
  • Delegation
  • Written communications
  • Oral communications
  • Visual communications
  • Negotiations
  • Proposal writing
  • Public involvement
  • Public/media relations
  • Personal skills/time management

42
2.) Construction project management (4-6 credits)
  • Project life cycle
  • Construction project delivery systems
  • Project organizations
  • Project control, work breakdown structure
  • Project scheduling, CPM, programs
  • Controls systems
  • Managing (vs. preventing) changes, changes
    affecting professional seals and code
    requirements
  • Project initiation, coordination matrix,
    integration management
  • Project/regulatory interaction, inspections by
    others Stakeholders
  • Project termination
  • Project selection
  • Project Risk analysis and control

43
3.) Construction contract administration (4-6
credits)
  • General law
  • Contract law
  • Public procurement law
  • Changes and substitutions
  • Claims
  • General estimating
  • Methods
  • strategies
  • Record-keeping, accounting management, and work
    acceptance
  • Construction equipment management and accounting
    methods
  • Financial statements and bonding
  • Insurance
  • Contract Administration, including
  • Contractor Payments, Change Orders, Force
    Accounts, Claims Management, Project closeout,
    Specifications, Office procedures, Project safety
    issues, workers comp and record-keeping,
    Inspections and Quality Control

44
Other (3-4 credits total)
  1. Asset and maintenance management
  2. Project economics and life cycle costing
  3. Risk analysis
  4. Emergency response
  5. Environmental law and permits/EIS
  6. Project Development and Envir. Documentation
  7. Business practices including financial statements

45
This Spring
  • Offer six one-credit courses
  • AK DOT will sponsor three of them
  • All meet either Mon-Wed or Tue-Thru
  • 300 to 515 for six meetings
  • At CDE Conference Room
  • Old Bowers Building

46
  • The AK DOT courses are
  • The Big Picture, systems thinking and
    organizational dynamics (Dr. Herman)
  • Scheduling for Construction Administration (Dr.
    Bennett)
  • Managing Risk (Dr. Perkins)
  • The non-sponsored courses are
  • Overview of Environmental Laws, Regulations, and
    Permitting (Dr. Perkins)
  • Power and politics, effect on motivation (Dr.
    Herman)
  • Construction Claims Case Studies (Dr. Bennett)

47
Distance
  • Three of the classes will be delivered to Nome
  • CDE direct to Nome campus
  • No parking problem
  • Still looking for Anchorage anchor for other
    three
  • Need audio conference room
  • Could be other location

48
Administration
  • UA Corporate Programs can collect from companies
  • UAF Center for Distance Education can collect
    from individuals
  • Plan to charge regular tuition to individuals
  • Have a Workforce Development grant

49
Academics
  • Approved special topics courses.
  • Slides under radar

50
Questions to you
  • Is this a one-time venture?
  • Start of something new?
  • Graduate Certificate in Construction Mgt.
  • Other certificates?
  • Pre-construction engineering
  • Transportation engineering
  • Environmental engineering
  • Others

51
Issues?
  • Cant find Ph.D.s with construction experience
  • Hard to hire non-Ph.D. for full-time appointment
  • Dont have faculty for ESM
  • Adjunct funding is first to be cut
  • Need sufficient students
  • Need employer support

52
  • Need Board of Regents approval for new degree
  • Split zone between
  • Three credit course that is clearly academic
  • CEU-type class that is clearly not.
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