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Little Ones Have Big Dreams Too: Person-Centered Planning for Young Children

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Little Ones Have Big Dreams Too: Person-Centered Planning for Young Children NECTAC Conference, Washington, 2/7/05 Ann Donoghue Dillon, M.Ed., OTL – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Little Ones Have Big Dreams Too: Person-Centered Planning for Young Children


1
Little Ones Have Big Dreams Too Person-Centered
Planning for Young Children
  • NECTAC Conference, Washington, 2/7/05
  • Ann Donoghue Dillon, M.Ed., OTL
  • Institute on Disabilities/ UCED, University of
    New Hampshire
  • aedillon_at_unh.edu, 603-862-4320

2
Welcome!
  • Introductions
  • Poll
  • Experience with PCP?
  • Any parents?
  • Several hats

3
Outcomes for Today
  • Clarify different types of planning
  • Increased knowledge and awareness of PCP process
  • Increased skill in facilitating

4
When we do it alone, it is only a
dream. When we do it together, it
is the beginning of reality. -Unknown
5
Changing Assumptions (Mount and Zwernik)
  • History
  • Out of institutions into community
  • Not deficiencies
  • Not trying to find fixes for deficits
  • New
  • Strength based
  • Based on needs, abilities, choices
  • Supporting participation in community
  • Coordinating around individuals, not
    systems/staff/ services available
  • Recognizing ability of ordinary citizens to
    provide support

6
Types of Planning
  • MAPS
  • PATH
  • Person-centered planning
  • Define, purpose, for whom, benefits, challenges,
    facilitators role, alliance, amplifying voice

7
Systems-Centered Planning
  • structured, formal process
  • regulated by paperwork
  • professional setting
  • focus on developmental needs
  • professionals implement

8
Person-Centered Planning
  • Reflective, creative process
  • Not regulated
  • Collaborative
  • Focus on dreams and vision
  • Circle of support transforms vision to reality
  • Not professionally directed
  • Equal proportion of professional and community
    members

9
Research on PCP
  • PCP - an important strategy for increasing active
    participation of students and families in
    IEP/transition (1997, Miner and Bates)
  • Positive changes in the lives of the focus
    persons, all participants were satisfied with
    process (2000, Everson and Zhang)
  • Difficult to quantify the process and outcomes of
    PCP but measuring process is important
    misapplied methods quality of life outcomes but
    also team practices and structure, team
    participation and practices and roles,
    responsibilities of staff might change(2000,
    Holburn et al)
  • Individual implementation issues role of focus
    person in directing, preparation and training of
    facilitators. Broader vision of what is possible
    and re-connections in personal relationships.
    (1996, Hagner et al)

10
When is PCP a GOOD idea?
  • When people (organizations) are in transition
  • When someone wants to build a circle of support
  • When the person, parent, or advocate wants
    something different
  • When resources are available for flexible services

11
When is PCP NOT a good idea?
  • When people are satisfied with the status quo
  • When there is not a small group willing to make a
    commitment over time

12
Stone Hearth and Cookies
  • Invitation - parents invite
  • Choice - parent choice of who comes
  • Environment - most comfortable
  • Support - review what will happen, facilitator
    role, welcoming by parent, food logistics

13
Sibbets and Drexler Model (TP1993 Drexler and
Sibbet, www.grove.com)
  • Team Performance Model Adapted for PCP
  • Orientation
  • Trust Building
  • Goal/Role Clarification
  • Commitment
  • Implementation
  • High performance
  • Renewal

14
PCP
  • Pre-Planning
  • Orientation
  • Explaining the PCP process
  • Who Is Here?
  • Ground Rules
  • Timeline or Bio-graph
  • Relationships Map
  • Purpose and Invitation

15
PCP
  • Trust Building
  • Preferences
  • Routines
  • Places
  • Skills
  • Summary (pie)

16
PCP
  • Goal/Role Clarification
  • Vision
  • Outcomes
  • Roles, Responsibilities and Timelines

17
PCP
  • Commitment
  • Resource Matrix Map

18
PCP
  • Implementation
  • Review, update and revise previous Outcomes maps

19
Tips for Facilitators
  • Neutrality - should not manipulate the meeting to
    bring about a particular outcome
  • Good Listening Skills - use reflective listening
    and strategic questioning
  • Respect for the participants
  • Assertiveness - prevent/resolve conflict,
    practice sharing the air technique
  • Clear thinking and observation - pay attention to
    process and content

20
Tricks of the Trade
  • Prepare titles of maps ahead of time
  • Painters masking tape, doubled up paper, or big
    flip-chart post-its are helpful
  • Be clear and on track about time
  • Be flexible about the maps
  • Verify marker color use if you designate colors
  • Keep the atmosphere informal, positive, and
    capacity focused
  • Consider a facilitator and a recorder working as
    a team

21
Tricks of the Trade (cont.)
  • If you facilitate alone, try not to talk when you
    are drawing
  • Practice drawing symbols to use in the process
    (e.g. star people, buildings, phones)
  • Create a parking lot for bigger issues
  • Develop transition phrases to bridge from one map
    to the next
  • Create sense of future together and encourage
    re-visiting or re-doing the process
  • Set agenda and date for follow-up meeting

22
How Does it Work?
  • Find a partner
  • 5 min one facilitates a Vision
  • Map for the other person
  • 5 min - trade places
  • As large group Debrief with Ann using
    preferences map

23
Implementation in Your Role
  • Find a new partner
  • Discuss how you can use PCP in your life, wearing
    different hats, if appropriate.
  • Debrief with Ann using Take-away Tips map

24
Wrap -up
  • Future Dreams for Person-Centered Planning for
    families who have a young child with
    disabilities.Personal Coach Model
  • Resources
  • IOD materials
  • (Cotton, Patti, Elements of Design)
  • Dillon, Ann, PCP for Young Children A guide for
    Facilitators, in press
  • Contact info IOD 603-862-4320
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