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World Health Organization (WHO) Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) Health and Environment Division (HEP)

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World Health Organization (WHO) Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) Health and Environment Division (HEP) Water Policy in the Americas Roundtable – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World Health Organization (WHO) Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) Health and Environment Division (HEP)


1
World Health Organization (WHO) Pan
American Health Organization (PAHO) Health and
Environment Division (HEP)
Water Policy in the Americas Roundtable
Organization of American StatesWater and
Health Global and Regional Initiatives Ing.
Paulo Cezar PintoPAHO Regional AdvisorFebruary
15 2001
2
1. PAHO Institutional Vision Panamericanism and
Equity
  • Panamericanism and Equity core values of PAHO
  • Ensure the sustainable provision of water supply
    and sanitation for all
  • Emphasis on the poor segments of the population
    in in Latin America and the Caribbean region

3
1. PAHO Institutional Vision Panamericanism and
Equity
  • The VISION is
  • water is a basic human right
  • water should produce health

4
2. WHO/UNICEF Global Assessment 2000
  • Regions in the Americas Population of Analyzed
    Groups

5
2. WHO/UNICEF Global Assessment 2000
  • LAC Region Population of Analyzed Groups

6
2. WHO/UNICEF Global Assessment 2000
  • Population Served Drinking Water and Sewerage in
    Latin America and the Caribbean (Years 1960-2000)

7
3. PAHO/OAS Water-Health Collaboration3.1
Overview
  • Initiatives between PAHO (Health and Environment
    Division) and the OAS (Unit for Sustainable
    Development and the Environment), has as its
    objective, to support promotional actions in
    water quality and the protection of water
    resources for human health in the context of
    sustainable development

8
3. PAHO/OAS Water-Health Collaboration3.2
Strategies
  • A working group was established for following up
    with the advances of the initiatives and a
    preliminary document was elaborated upon, which
    was discussed in a panel at the AIDIS Congress,
    in Porto Alegre.
  • The document will be the base of discussion for
    sectoral policies related to water and health in
    its broadest context.

9
3. PAHO/OAS Water-Health Collaboration3.3
Expected Results
  • Consolidation of actions of the entities
  • Institutional reinforcement to the established
    networks and major link between the water
    resources in general and water for human
    consumption
  • Sectoral Advocacy and the joint promotion of
    the World Water Day and the Inter- American Water
    Day
  • Others, to be identified.

10
3. PAHO/OAS Water-Health Collaboration3.4 Water
Resources Management Practices for Protection of
Human Health Document for Discussion
  • HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE DOCUMENT
  • According to the Global Water Council, over the
    past 100 years, the global population has
    tripled, and the consumption of water has been
    multiplied 6 times
  • Out of all global water resources, only 2.5 of
    the total amount is fresh water (suitable for
    human consumption), 69 is in a solid state
    (i.e., polar ice caps), 30 percent is found in
    subterranean reserves (i.e., aquifers), and only
    0.3 is comprised of surface waters (i.e., rivers
    and lakes)

11
3. PAHO/OAS Water-Health Collaboration3.4 Water
Resources Management Practices for Protection of
Human Health Document for Discussion
  • HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE DOCUMENT
  • Approximately 60 of the Latin America and the
    Caribbean population is concentrated in 20 of
    the territory--where barely 5 of the water
    resources of the region are concentrated
  • It is estimated that 80 of all diseases and more
    than 1/3 of the mortalities in developing
    countries are caused by contaminated water, and
    an average of approximately 10 percent of each
    persons productive time is lost owing to
    water-related sicknesses

12
4. World Water Day 20014.1 Background
  • The UN General Assembly adopted a resolution in
    1993 by which 22 March of each year declared
    World Day for Water, in conformity with UNCEDs
    Agenda 21 recommendations
  • States invited to devote the Day, as appropriate
    in the national context, to concrete activities
    such as the promotion of public awareness through
    the publication and diffusion of documentaries
    and the organization of conferences, round
    tables, seminars and expositions related to the
    conservation and development of water resources
    and the implementation of Agenda 21
    recommendations

13
4. World Water Day 2001 4.2 WWD Web Page
14
4. World Water Day 2001 4.3 Information
available at WWD web site
  • Go to http//www.worldwaterday.org, and then
    select from the following links
  • What is WWD?
  • Advocacy guide
  • Disease fact sheets
  • Theme articles
  • Case studies
  • Photo sheets
  • Events

15
5. Inter American Water Day (IAWD) PAHO
Institutional Vision 5.1 What is it?
  • The IAWD is a " water celebration" in the
    Americas, whose primary purpose is to build the
    populations awareness by communicating the
    importance of conserving this valuable natural
    resource we call water
  • The creation of the IAWD was promoted by the Pan
    American Health Organization (PAHO), the Inter
    American Association of Sanitary Engineering
    (AIDIS) and the Caribbean Association of Water
    and Waste Water (CWWA)

16
5. Inter American Water Day (IAWD) PAHO
Institutional Vision 5.2 When is it celebrated?
  • Each year, the IAWD is celebrated during the
    first Saturday of October (This year, the IAWD
    will be celebrated the 7th of October)

17
5. Inter American Water Day (IAWD) PAHO
Institutional Vision 5.3 Organizational/Informati
ve Actions
  • Guidelines for the members of the initiative
  • planning
  • relation of themes
  • dissemination
  • evaluation
  • materials
  • coordination

18
5. Inter American Water Day (IAWD) PAHO
Institutional Vision 5.3 Organizational/Informati
ve Actions
  • Participation of the members in the countries
  • Creation of coordination groups
  • International Coordination Group
  • National Coordination Group
  • Local Coordination Group

19
5. Inter American Water Day (IAWD) PAHO
Institutional Vision 5.3 Organizational/Informati
ve Actions
  • Collecting Information Securing supporting
    documents from previous commemorations
  • CEPIS Web Page
  • Discussion List/Exchange
  • Operational Manual
  • Support to local initiatives

20
5. Inter American Water Day (IAWD) 5.4 Future
IAWDs
  • Select 1 country per year to be the flagship
    country
  • Work on the themes that promote the equity of
    access and quality of services

21
5. Inter American Water Day (IAWD) 5.5
Selection of themes
  • Have the theme selected in advance
  • Theme 2001 is the same as the theme for the World
    Water Day Bringing the forgotten billions on
    board
  • Theme 2002 is open for suggestions from November
    2000 to March 2001

22
5. Inter American Water Day (IAWD) 5.7 IAWD
Web Page at PAHO/CEPIS
23
5. Inter American Water Day (IAWD) 5.7 How
to access IAWD Web Page
  • Go to the CEPIS Web page at http//www.cepis.ops-o
    ms.org
  • 1-Working Areas "Citizen Participation"
  • 2-"Commemorative Days"
  • 3-First Saturday of October "Inter-American
    Water Day"
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