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U.S. History Top 100

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U.S. History Top 100 ... Jacob Riis Early 1900's writer who exposed social and political evils in the U.S. Muckraker novel. * * Title: U.S. History Top 100 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: U.S. History Top 100


1
U.S. History Top 100
  • What every student should know to pass the U.S.
    History EOC.
  • Goal 5

2
Goal 5 Becoming an Industrial Society (1877-1900)
  • The learner will describe innovations in
    technology and business practices and assess
    their impact on economic, political, and social
    life in America.

3
Influence of Big Business
  • Larger pools of capital
  • Wider geographic span
  • Broader range of operations
  • Revised role of ownership
  • New methods of management

4
Laissez-faire
  • A theory that the economy does better without
    government intervention in business.

5
Credit Mobilier Scandal, 1872
  • Union Pacific received a government contract to
    build the transcontinental railroad
  • It "hired" Credit Mobilier to do the actual
    construction, charging nearly twice the actual
    cost of the project.
  • The scheme was discovered and the company tried
    to bribe Congress with gifts of stock to stop the
    investigation.
  • This was the biggest bribery scandal in U.S.
    history, and led to greater public awareness of
    government corruption.

6
Jane Addams Hull House, 1889
  • Social reformer who worked to improve the lives
    of the working class. She founded Hull House in
    Chicago, the first private social welfare agency
    in the U.S., to assist the poor, combat juvenile
    delinquency and help immigrants learn to speak
    English.

7
Social Darwinism
  • Applied Darwin's theory of natural selection and
    "survival of the fittest" to human society -- the
    poor are poor because they are not as fit to
    survive. Used as an argument against social
    reforms to help the poor.

8
Gospel of Wealth, 1889
  • Andrew Carnegie was an American millionaire and
    philanthropist who donated large sums of money
    for public works. His book argued that the
    wealthy have an obligation to give something back
    to society.

9
Labor Practices
  • Collective Bargaining - Discussions held between
    workers and their employers over wages, hours,
    and conditions.
  • Labor Unions organization of workers
  • Strikes refusal to perform work until demands
    are met.

10
Labor Unions
  • Knights of Labor
  • An American labor union originally established as
    a secret fraternal order and noted as the first
    union of all workers. It was founded in 1869.
  • American Federation of Labor
  • Began in 1886 with about 140,000 members by 1917
    it had 2.5 million members. It is a federation of
    different unions.

11
Thomas Nast
  • Newspaper cartoonist who produced satirical
    cartoons, he invented "Uncle Sam" and came up
    with the elephant and the donkey for the
    political parties. He nearly brought down Boss
    Tweed.

12
Jacob Riis
  • Early 1900's writer who exposed social and
    political evils in the U.S. Muckraker novel.
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