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In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion

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Title: Slide 1 Author: Faculty Last modified by: Faculty Created Date: 4/11/2005 9:24:06 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Company: University of Dayton – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: In the Presence of Mystery: Modern Religion


1
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
Structure of the chapter The Modern Challenges
to Religion Non-Modern Religious Beliefs
Today MODERN RELIGION Modern Religion and Other
Stages
2
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • Modern Challenges to Religion
  • scientific worldviews
  • secularity
  • autonomous selfhood
  • the tentativeness of
  • knowledge.

3
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • The Challenge of
  • Scientific Worldviews
  • -- naturalism (no miracles)?
  • -- aimless universe?
  • -- darwinism and its challenges (ch. 12)

4
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • The Challenge of
  • Secularity
  • give up other-worldliness
  • to improve this world
  • seek to decrease
  • war, poverty, disease, child
  • abuse, abuse of women,
  • slavery, torture, oppression of
  • the weak, injustice . . . .

Migrant Mother, photo by Dorothea Lange, mid 30s
5
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • The Challenge of
  • Autonomous selfhood

OR obey God, follow religious tradition
do what the Church says.
6
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • The Challenge of
  • The tentativeness of knowledge

OR
7
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
Structure of the chapter The Modern Challenges
to Religion Non-Modern Religious Beliefs
Today MODERN RELIGION Modern Religion and Other
Stages
8
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
Non-Modern Religious Beliefs Today
Amish in the City And numerous
traditional Religious groups today.
David Koresh, Branch Davidians, Waco
Rev. Pat Robertson Famous fundamentalist
9
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
Non-Modern Religious Beliefs Today
For the essay exam, be able to indicate how these
three groups fundamentalists, sects like the
Amish, and a cult like Brand Davidians React
to the four challenges of modernity.
10
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
Structure of the chapter The Modern Challenges
to Religion Non-Modern Religious Beliefs
Today MODERN RELIGION Modern Religion and Other
Stages
11
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
12
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science
  • Unite religion with science
  • Wait for further developments.

13
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.

14
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • We will review 4 theologians and a skeptic,
  • just to see a range of responses to science.

15
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermachers liberal theology

Friedrich Schleiermacher 1768-1834
16
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermachers liberal theology
  • Cultural context
  • Deism had eliminated miracles.
  • biblical miracles, the incarnation
  • and resurrection of Jesus !?

17
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermachers liberal theology
  • -- true religion experience of the
  • divine Whole on which the entire
  • universe depends.
  • This experience is God-consciousness.

18
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermachers liberal theology
  • -- true religion experience of the
  • divine Whole on which the entire
  • universe depends.
  • Religion does not depend on external
  • evidence like science does.
  • It is entirely separate from science.

19
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermachers liberal theology
  • -- true religion experience of the
  • divine Whole on which the entire
  • universe depends.
  • True religion does not depend on
  • belief in miracles.
  • a concession to deism??

20
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermachers liberal theology
  • -- true religion experience of the
  • divine Whole on which the entire
  • universe depends.
  • -- all doctrines are just symbolic
    attempts
  • to express the basic religious
    experience.

21
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermachers liberal theology
  • -- all doctrines are just symbolic
  • expressions of the basic
  • religious experience.
  • -- e.g. idea that Jesus is divine
  • as well as human ?

22
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermachers liberal theology
  • -- e.g. idea that Jesus is divine
  • as well as human ?
  • Just a symbol of this Jesus had
  • the greatest God-consciousness

23
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermachers liberal theology
  • -- e.g. belief in a life after death?

24
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermachers liberal theology
  • -- e.g. belief in a life after death?
  • This is just a symbolic way of
  • expressing trust that at death a
  • person enters into final unity with
  • the Whole.

25
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermachers liberal theology
  • -- result no LITERAL
  • incarnation of God in Jesus,
  • nor life after death.
  • Fundamentalism defined itself
  • as a rejection of liberal theology
  • in the early 1900s. (See ch. 12)

26
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermachers liberal theology
  • Rudolph Otto (the numinous guy)

God mystery, fascinating terrifying. This God
can be found through religious experience or
feeling, as Schleiermacher said.
1869-1937
27
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermachers liberal theology
  • In between Schl and Otto Feuerbach
  • Rudolph Otto (the numinous guy)
  • More people accept Otto than Feuerbach

1869-1937
28
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • b. Ludwig Feuerbach
  • inner experience can deceive us

1804-1872
29
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • b. Ludwig Feuerbach
  • inner experience can deceive us
  • We have a capacity for the infinite.
  • The infinite scares us
  • So we project a comforting image
  • into the sky God, made in our own
    image.

1804-1872
30
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • b. Ludwig Feuerbach
  • We attribute to this God
  • our own powers of thought and
  • free choice, made perfect.
  • Then we submit to this fiction we
  • have created.

1804-1872
31
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • b. Ludwig Feuerbach
  • He did not prove God does not exist.
  • But he planted the suspicion.
  • Both Marx and Freud used this theory.
  • These 3 masters of suspicion.

1804-1872
32
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermachers liberal theology
  • In between Schl and Otto Feuerbach
  • Rudolph Otto (the numinous guy)
  • More people accept Otto than Feuerbach.
  • Nonetheless, Feuerbach made people nervous.

1869-1937
33
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermachers liberal theology
  • b. Feuerbachs suspicion
  • c. Karl Barths neo-orthodoxy

1886-1968
34
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermachers liberal theology
  • b. Feuerbachs suspicion
  • c. Karl Barths neo-orthodoxy

1886-1968
35
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermachers liberal theology
  • b. Feuerbachs suspicion
  • c. Karl Barths neo-orthodoxy
  • no miracles
  • but faith is Gods gift
  • not something to be proven
  • or disproven by science.

36
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermachers liberal theology
  • b. Feuerbachs suspicion
  • c. Karl Barths neo-orthodoxy
  • d. Rudolph Bultmanns
  • Christian existentialism

1884-1976
37
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • d. Rudolph Bultmanns
  • Christian existentialism
  • We do ex-ist in the universe.

38
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • d. Rudolph Bultmanns
  • Christian existentialism
  • We do ex-ist in the universe.
  • Shall we then despair?

39
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • d. Rudolph Bultmanns
  • Christian existentialism
  • We do ex-ist in the universe.
  • Shall we then despair?
  • No say nevertheless
  • I will have courage,
  • inspired by Christ.

Salvador Dali, 1954.
40
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • d. Rudolph Bultmanns
  • Christian existentialism
  • This echoed the position of
  • Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855)
  • Fear and Trembling Abraham.

41
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • d. Rudolph Bultmanns
  • Christian existentialism
  • This echoed the position of
  • Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855)
  • Fear and Trembling Abraham.

42
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • d. Rudolph Bultmanns
  • Christian existentialism
  • This echoed the position of
  • Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855)
  • Fear and Trembling Abraham.

43
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • a. Schleiermachers liberal theology
  • b. Feuerbachs suspicion
  • c. Karl Barths neo-orthodoxy
  • d. Rudolph Bultmanns
  • Christian existentialism
  • e. Mircea Eliades phenomenology of religion

44
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • e. Mircea Eliades phenomenology of religion
  • Experience of the sacred is
  • sui generis -- unique.
  • The sacred cannot be grasped
  • by non-sacred methods.
  • (Primitive people are closer
  • to the sacred than moderns.)
  • end of section on segregate

45
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.

46
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • First -- two people to ignore for the exam

G. W. F. Hegel (1770-1831) Alfred North
Whitehead (1861-1947
47
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • A person to recall agnostic Julian Huxley

48
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • A person to recall agnostic Julian Huxley
  • and his friend Pere Pierre Teilhard de Chardin,
    S.J.

49
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
  • proposed a Christian version
  • of Huxleys theory

1881- 1955
50
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Pierre Teilhard de Chardin

51
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
  • differentiation
  • complexification
  • conscientization
  • DESIGN

52
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
  • differentiation
  • complexification
  • conscientization
  • OMEGA POINT--
  • union of all with the divine

53
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
  • OMEGA POINT--
  • union with the divine
  • History of the universe
  • driving towards unity LOVE

54
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
  • (He was forbidden to publish
  • his ideas. When he died in
  • 1955 they were still treated as
  • dangerous -- But eventually

55
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Mysticized Science
  • mingle knowledge of the universe with
  • experiencing it as sacred
  • ignore these names also Bohm, Davies.

56
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Two more modern arguments from design

57
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Two more modern arguments from design
  • a. Anthropic Principle (fine tuning)
  • The apparent randomness of the universe
  • is not so random after all.

58
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • a. Anthropic Principle
  • Also called the
  • Goldilocks argument
  • everything is just right.

59
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Two more modern arguments from design
  • a. Anthropic Principle (fine tuning)
  • The whole structure and history of the
  • universe looks as though it were
  • designed to allow life to appear -- and
    us.

60
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
a. Anthropic Principle
61
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
a. Anthropic Principle
62
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Two arguments from design
  • a. Anthropic Principle
  • Each basic force is finely tuned
  • to cumulatively produce a universe
  • with galaxies of stars heavy
    elements,
  • making planets like ours possible

63
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Two arguments from design
  • a. Anthropic Principle
  • Each basic force is finely tuned
  • to cumulatively produce a universe
  • with galaxies of stars heavy
    elements,
  • making planets like ours possible --
    and US.

64
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Two arguments from design
  • a. Anthropic Principle
  • This is not Paleys argument that LIFE is too
  • complex to be the result of accident.
  • It argues that life could arise and develop
    by
  • natural selection only because the whole
  • universe was finely tuned from the start.

65
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Two more modern arguments from design
  • a. Anthropic Principle (fine tuning)
  • b. Intelligent Design
  • (all arguments from design can be named this
    --
  • BUT )

66
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • b. Intelligent Design
  • Wm Dembskis design inference

67
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
Three different approaches b. Intelligent
Design Wm Dembskis design inference
Find highly specified complexity. Did it
happen by accident? No. Do the laws of
nature produce it? Did it have to have been
designed then? Yes. NATURALISM IS WRONG (?)
68
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
Three different approaches b. Intelligent
Design Wm Dembskis design inference
Find highly specified complexity. Did it
happen by accident? No. Do the laws of
nature produce it? No. Did it have to have
been designed then? Yes. ALTERNATIVE
NATURAL SELECTION
69
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 1) scientific worldviews
  • Three different approaches
  • Segregate religion from science.
  • Integrate religion with science.
  • Patient Moderation about Religion and Science
  • Modern forms of religion usually say
  • Adapt when reasonable to do so--
  • e.g., Copernicus,
  • Darwin

End of part 1 of ch. 14
70
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
MODERN RELIGION and 2) secularity Modern
religion values this world
The Human Home. God-given, to be made better in
answer to a divine call, to love one another.
71
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
MODERN RELIGION and 2) secularity Modern
religion values this world E.g., Bishop
Robinsons 1960 Honest to God
promotes worldly holiness -- Find God in
creation and others. Practice religious
humanism trust that God empowers us
to seek and achieve greater human well-being
72
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
MODERN RELIGION and 2) secularity Modern
religion values this world E.g., Liberation
Theologies -- Latin American, black,
feminist
73
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
MODERN RELIGION and 2) secularity Modern
religion values this world E.g., Liberation
Theologies -- Latin American
preferential option for the poor and
oppressed Gustavo Gutierrez 1927
--
74
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
MODERN RELIGION and 2) secularity Modern
religion values this world E.g., Black
Liberation Theology James Cone, "Black
Theology and Black Power, 1969 The truth
about injustice always sounds outrageous
75
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
MODERN RELIGION and 2) secularity Modern
religion values this world E.g., Feminist
Theology Recovering the story of women, giving
them a history/reality, and equal status in the
human family before God. Phyllis
Trible
76
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
MODERN RELIGION and 2) secularity Modern
religion values this world E.g., Deep
Ecology
77
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
MODERN RELIGION and 2) secularity Modern
religion values this world E.g., Deep
Ecology
78
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
  • MODERN RELIGION and 2) secularity
  • Modern religion values this world
  • E.g., Deep Ecology
  • Older view
  • Bible gives humans dominion over earth.
  • The end of the world is not far off.

79
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
MODERN RELIGION and 2) secularity Modern
religion values this world E.g., Deep
Ecology Newer view Humans stewards. Care
for Gods great creation.
80
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
MODERN RELIGION and 3) autonomous selfhood A
kind of humanism.
  • Humanism implies --
  • trust in human abilities
  • to serve human well-being

81
In the Presence of Mystery Modern Religion
Chapter 14
__________________________________________________
___
MODERN RELIGION and 3) autonomous selfhood
  • Humanism implies
  • trust in human abilities
  • to serve human well-being
  • Contrast traditional Xtn view
  • We are fallen sinners.
  • Pride is the worst of sins.

Dirk Bouts, d. 1475. The Fall of the Damned,
ca. 1450.
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MODERN RELIGION and 3) autonomous selfhood
  • Humanism implies
  • trust in human abilities
  • to serve human well-being
  • Contrast traditional Xtn view
  • With humanism
  • we are imperfect but capable of great good
  • With Xtn humanism, capable as God made us
  • trust in personhood, as
  • image likeness of God

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MODERN RELIGION and 3) autonomous selfhood
  • Humanism implied
  • trust in human abilities
  • to serve human well-being
  • Xtn humanism implicit faith
  • that acting autonomously
  • is living by the value of personhood.

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MODERN RELIGION and 3) autonomous selfhood
  • Humanism implied
  • trust in human abilities
  • to serve human well-being
  • Xtn humanism implicit faith
  • that acting autonomously
  • is living by the value of personhood.
  • Recall autonomy taking responsibility
  • through inner reflection and choice.
  • This authentic human existence.

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MODERN RELIGION and 3) autonomous selfhood
  • Humanism implied
  • trust in human abilities
  • to serve human well-being
  • Xtn humanism implicit faith
  • faith that Personhood
  • is the ultimate truth
  • that God is the ultimate truth,
  • that our freedom is an image of that God.

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MODERN RELIGION and 4) tentativeness of knl.
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MODERN RELIGION and 4) tentativeness of knl.
Can Jews, Christians, Muslims, Hindus, etc.
treat their sacred texts and traditions as
tentative?
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MODERN RELIGION and 4) tentativeness of knl.
Can Jews, Christians, Muslims, Hindus, etc.
treat their sacred texts and traditions as
tentative?
Modern religious thinkers say the Ultimate is
infinitely greater than our knowledge. Even the
truth of scripture and tradition cannot contain
the full truth of God, Allah, etc.
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MODERN RELIGION and 4) tentativeness of knl.
Can Jews, Christians, Muslims, Hindus, etc.
treat their sacred texts and traditions as
tentative?
Modern religious thinkers say We should not be
surprised that we are still on a journey of
discovery about the Ultimate.
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Structure of the chapter The Modern Challenges
to Religion Non-Modern Religious Beliefs
Today MODERN RELIGION Summed up in last
paragraph on p. 308 Modern Religion and Other
Stages
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MODERN RELIGION and other stages of religion The
stages tend to accumulate primitive archaic
historic modern
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MODERN RELIGION and other stages of religion The
stages tend to accumulate primitive archaic
historic modern historic modern

Archaic
Primitive
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MODERN RELIGION and other stages of religion The
stages tend to accumulate primitive archaic
historic modern Modern can reject earlier
modes??? Better to draw upon them imagination
of primitive narratives and images of archaic
intellectual and mystical sophistication of
historic
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MODERN RELIGION and other stages of religion The
stages tend to accumulate primitive archaic
historic modern Modern can reject earlier
modes??? Better to draw upon them imagination
of primitive narratives and images of archaic
intellectual mystical sophistication of
historic Balanced by scientific understanding,
secularity, autonomy, and openness to
development ? End of ch. 14
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