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Preventing Sexually Transmitted Diseases


Preventing Sexually Transmitted Diseases Every minute in the U.S., an average of five teens get a sexually transmitted disease. (STD) Most cases occur among people ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Preventing Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Preventing Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  • Every minute in the U.S., an average of five
    teens get a sexually transmitted disease. (STD)
  • Most cases occur among people who are 15-24 years
  • They can damage a persons body and his or her
  • STDs can cause discomfort, pain, or even death.

  • Abstinence is the only way to eliminate your risk
    of an STD. It gives you 100 percent protection.
  • Waiting until marriage to have sex can protect
    your chance to have a healthy sexual
  • If you and your spouse have sex only with each
    other, youll be safe from STDs.

  • The human immunodeficiency virus, also called
    HIV, breaks down the immune system. This is the
    body system that fights disease.
  • Over time, HIV progresses into a deadly disease.
    The is acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

  • To protect yourself from AIDS, you need to avoid
    contracting (getting) HIV. This virus is carried
    in bodily fluids. Contact with blood, semen, or
    vaginal secretions might occur during sexual
  • Sex is the most common way HIV is spread. You
    can also get it from touching or sharing an
    intravenous (IV) needle used by someone who has
    the virus.

  • Mothers can pass HIV to children during
    pregnancy, birth, or breast feeding.

  • HIV/AID has no cure. Medicines are available,
    however, that can slow the progress of the virus.
  • Most people with HIV do not have symptoms right

  • To find out if you have HIV, go to your health
    care provider and take a blood test. This test
    looks for antibodies made by the body to fight
    HIV. If you test positive, this means you have
    the antibodies in your blood. You also have the
  • There is, however, a chance you could have gotten
    HIV recently. Your body might not have had time
    to make enough antibodies for the test to detect.
    You should be retested in six months to be sure.

  • Is the most common STD among teens. Sexual
    contact can spread the bacteria that cause this
    disease. Many people with chlamydia dont have
    any symptoms. Those who do may have any of the
  • A burning or itching sensation
  • Painful urination
  • Whitish discharge fro the penis or vagina
  • Lower abdominal pain

  • Chlamydia can be cured with antibiotics.
  • If untreated, it can cause both men and women to
    become sterile.
  • In pregnancy, a woman can pass this disease to
    her baby.
  • It can cause the baby to have a serious eye, ear,
    or lung infection.

  • It is caused by bacteria that are spread through
    sexual contact. Many people with gonorrhea have
    no symptoms. This is especially true of women.

Symptoms of Gonorrhea
  • Women
  • Yellow discharge from the vagina
  • Painful urination
  • Irritation of the vagina and cervix
  • Men
  • creamy whitish or yellowish discharge from the
  • painful urination
  • burning sensation during urination.

  • Antibiotics can cure gonorrhea. If it is not
    treated, gonorrhea can cause sterility, heart
    damage, and arthritis.
  • In pregnancy, this STD can cause miscarriage or
  • It also raises the risk of a baby being born too
  • Woman can pass gonorrhea to their babies during
    delivery. This can cause the baby to have a
    serious eye infection that can lead to blindness.

Genital Herpes
  • It is caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV).
  • The virus is spread through physical contact with
    an infected person.

Symptoms of Herpes
  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Aching muscles
  • Pain when urinating
  • Swollen glands.
  • The most obvious symptom, though, is small
    blisters that appear in the genital and rectal
    area. These blisters look much like a cold sore
    or fever blister. They are very painful and
    highly contagious (easily spread to others).

  • After a few weeks the blisters heal, but the
    person still has the HSV virus.
  • He or she will likely have repeated outbreaks of
    blisters in the future.
  • May lead to certain cancers.
  • If a pregnant woman has herpes, her baby might
    get the HSV virus through the placenta before

  • The baby can also contract herpes by passing
    through the birth canal.
  • Can damage the babys eyes and brain. For this
    reason, cesarean delivery is often done.

Genital Warts
  • Both men and women may get genital warts. These
    are small, hard growths in the reproductive
    organs, bladder, and rectum. They often cause
    great discomfort.
  • Caused by the human papilloma virus. This virus,
    also called HPV is spread through contact with
    the genital warts of an infected person. This
    happens most often through sexual activity, but
    can also occur from other physical contact.
  • It can take 6-8 months after exposure before a

person knows he or she has this STD.
  • It these warts get large enough, they can block
    the urethra, vagina, or rectum.
  • The warts can be surgically removed, but they
    will likely reoccur.
  • The HPV virus may lead to cancer of the cervix,
    penis, or rectum.

  • Is a three stage STD that is caused by bacteria.
    The longer this treatable disease goes
    undetected, the more damage it does.
  • During the first stage, a fairly painless sore
    called a chancre appears at the site of the
    infection. In the male this is the penis or
    anus. In a female the sore may be inside the
    body (on the cervix or the vagina). This makes it
    harder to detect.

  • In a few weeks time the chancre heals itself.
    The disease is still present in the body, though.
  • In the second stage, a person may have one or
    more of the following
  • Rash
  • Hair loss
  • Swollen glands
  • Sore throat
  • Weight loss
  • Wartlike growths
  • Fluid filled sores.
  • The person is highly contagious at this time.

  • During the third state, syphilis is no longer
    contagious. However, it is most destructive to a
    persons body.
  • Effects of late syphilis
  • Brain damage
  • Insanity
  • Heart disease
  • Paralysis
  • Damage to the liver/ kidneys
  • Damage to the nervous system
  • Damage to blood vessels
  • death

  • Early detection of syphilis is important. This
    can be done with a blood test. It can be treated
    with penicillin.

Hepatitis Types B and C
  • Serious viruses that can cause liver damage and
    liver cancer.
  • Can be spread sexually.
  • Pregnant woman can also pass them to their babies
    during delivery.
  • Can be spread by sharing a needle, toothbrush,
    razor, or other item that has infected blood on

  • People must be sure when getting a tattoo or body
    piercing that a sterile needle will be used.
  • Most people will not know they have B or C.
  • May stay in the body for years.

  • They can be passed to others.
  • Liver damage will occur and make them very sick.

Symptoms of Hepatitis B
  • Weakness
  • Nausea and loss of appetite
  • Jaundice (yellow eyes and skin)
  • Dark urine
  • Fever
  • Headaches
  • Stomach, muscle, and joint pain
  • Liver damage or cancer

  • A vaccine is available to prevent hepatitis B.
    Having three does of the vaccine can protect a
    person for several years.
  • Babies can be vaccinated soon after birth.

  • Is an infection that is caused by a one-celled
    animal called a protozoan.
  • This infection, often called trich, lis usually
    passed sexually.
  • Most men with trich have no symptoms. If they
    do tingling sensation in the penis, painful
    urination, or a thin discharge.
  • Women more often have symptoms from trich.

  • Vaginal discharge (yellow-green or gray) with a
    foul order
  • Itching in the genital area
  • Painful urination
  • Abdominal pain
  • Discomfort during sex

  • If trich is not treated, it can cause infections
    of the urethra, bladder, vagina, and cervix.

Pubic Lice
  • Are tiny gray parasites that attach to the hair
    of the pubic area. They are very contagious and
    can be passed by close physical contact,
    including sex.
  • Sometimes are called crab lice. They lay eggs,
    which hatch into even more lice.
  • Cause itching and irritation of the genital area.
  • Medicated lotions or shampoo can kill lice.

  • Is a skin infection caused by mites. It can be
    spread by close physical or sexual contact.
  • Mites burrow under the skin and lay eggs.
  • This causes itching, swelling, and a sore at the
    site where the mites enter the body.
  • Medicated lotion can cure it.

Vaginal Infections
  • Some, but not all, women have vaginal infections
    from time to time.
  • This means the vagina becomes infected, swells,
    and causes a discharge.
  • Vaginal area may be very painful or itchy.
  • Caused by an overgrowth of bacteria in the
  • Most common is a yeast infection.

  • Bacteria that cause these infections can be
    spread through sexual contact. They can also
    have other causes
  • Tight fitting underwear or clothing
  • Fragrances or dyes in toilet paper,
  • Soaps,
  • Douches
  • Bubble baths
  • Certain medications
  • Use over the counter medicine for
    cures.Prescriptions may be need for some

What to DO?????
  • Check with a physician.
  • Be tested often (if sexually active)

  • However, you dont have to worry if you practice
  • C\Documents and Settings\jwhite\Desktop\The Body
    Rick Sowadsky What Do the Symptoms of STDs Look
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