Sexually Transmitted Diseases(STD) - Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases(STD) - Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment


Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that can be very dangerous if not treated correctly. Learn more about the causes, treatment methods, and how to prevent them from happening in the first place. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Sexually Transmitted Diseases(STD) - Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Symptoms,
Causes, and Treatment
STIs vs. STDs Often confused, sexually
transmitted infections (STIs) and sexually
transmitted diseases (STDs) are not actually the
same thing. An infection which is when bacteria,
viruses, or parasites attack the body comes
precedes a disease. And while an infection
might result in zero symptoms, a disease
generally always comes with clear signs. Think
of it this way An STD will always begin as an
STI. But not all STIs transform into STDs. Now
you know the difference between the two, here is
the lowdown on the types of STDs that currently
exist, how to treat them, and, most importantly,
how to prevent them.
  • STD Symptoms
  • If an STD starts with a symptomatic STI, you may
    first experience
  • Pain or uncomfortableness during sexual activity
    or urination
  • Sores, bumps, or rashes in or around the vagina,
    penis, testicles, anus, buttocks, thighs, or
  • Unusual discharge or bleeding from the penis or
    the vagina
  • Painful or swollen testicles
  • Itchiness in or around the vagina
  • Unexpected periods or bleeding after sexual
    activity But keep in mind that not all STIs have
  • If an STI progresses to an STD, symptoms could
    vary. Some of them may be similar to the above,
    like pain during sexual activity, pain during
    urination, and irregular or painful periods.

Also Read Difference Between STI and STD
Underlying STD Causes All STDs result from an
STI. These infections are generally transmitted
through sexual contact, bodily fluids, or skin
contact through vaginal, oral, and anal
sex. Some of them never become a disease,
especially if theyre treated, and they could
even go away on their own. But if the pathogens
that caused the infection to end up damaging
cells in the body and disrupting its functions,
an STI will progress towards an STD.
Types of STDs While the list of STIs is quite
lengthy, there are fewer STDs. They range from
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), caused by STIs
such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, to some forms
of cancer, caused by human papillomavirus
(HPV). Below are the major STDs to be aware of.
Pelvic inflammatory disease Gonorrhea, chlamydia,
and trichomoniasis are common STIs that could
lead to PID if left untreated.
  • But not all cases of PID are caused by an STI, as
    other bacterial infections could play a role.
  • Around 2.5 million women in the United States
    have a reported
  • lifetime history of being diagnosed with PID, as
    per the Centers for Disease Control and
    Prevention (CDC).
  • Although this infection of the female
    reproductive organs is classified as a disease,
    some people have no symptoms at all. Those who
    do have symptoms might experience
  • Pelvic or lower abdominal pain
  • Pain during penetrative vaginal sex or while
  • Irregular, heavy, or painful vaginal bleeding
  • Unusual vaginal discharge
  • Nausea
  • High temperature
  • Antibiotics could successfully treat PID if it is
    diagnosed early enough. However, they would not
    treat any scarring on the fallopian tubes that
    may have occurred.
  • This scarring could make an ectopic pregnancy
    more likely and has also been linked to
    infertility, with around 1 in 10 people with PID
    becoming infertile as a result.
  • Tertiary syphilis
  • The early stages of syphilis a relatively
    unusual infection are considered an STI.
  • The infection initially appears as one or more
    small round sores on the genitals, anus, or
    mouth. If not treated, syphilis will move to the
    latent phase, which has no symptoms.
  • However, around a quarter of people will go on to
    develop tertiary syphilis from here a process
    that could take between 10 and 30 years after
    the initial infection.
  • This disease can have severe consequences for
    several organ systems in the body, leading to
  • Loss of vision
  • Loss of hearing

  • Infections of the brain or spinal cord
  • Heart disease
  • The sooner syphilis is diagnosed and treated, the
    less damage it does.
  • While penicillin injections are typically used to
    treat tertiary syphilis and remove the bacteria
    from the body, they cannot reverse any damage
    that is already occurred.
  • Of course, if the disease causes problems with
    major organs, such as the heart, other
    medications and procedures may be required.
  • Cancer
  • Although some strains of HPV tend to cause no
    disease, other strains could cause abnormal cell
  • This could lead to cancer, including
  • Oral cancer
  • Cervical cancer
  • Vulvar cancer
  • Penile cancer
  • Anal cancer
  • Continue to Read More C lick Here
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