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A Separate Peace by John Knowles

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Title: A Separate Peace Author: tinaku Last modified by: admin Created Date: 9/17/2007 2:35:02 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A Separate Peace by John Knowles


1
A Separate Peace by John Knowles
2
Author John Knowles
  • Born in 1926 in West Virginia
  • Best known works are set in New England

3
Knowles Childhood
  • Parents were originally from Massachusetts.
  • Knowles spent many summer vacations there.
  • At the age of fifteen, Knowles applied to an
    elite New Hampshire boarding school, Phillips
    Exeter Academy. (The school in the novel is
    thought to be modeled after this one.)

4
John Knowles continued
  • Knowles expresses his affections and (somewhat)
    fond memories for his boarding school in A
    Separate Peace.
  • Soon after Knowles entered Exeter, the U.S.
    declared war on Japan and entered World War II.
  • Knowles went into the military after he graduated
    from high school and trained to be a pilot in the
    U.S. Army Air Force Aviation Program.
  • When the war ended, he attended Yale University
    in New Haven, Connecticut.

5
World War II
  • Began in 1939 when the Germans invaded Poland,
    and officially ended in August 1945, when the
    Japanese surrendered.
  • A Separate Peace takes place during the summer
    of 1942, directly in the center of World War II.
  • In America
  • In order to cope with the war, America
    instituted rations on books, sugar, coffee, and
    other goods.
  • To conserve gasoline, a national 35 MPH speed
    limit was implemented, and driving for pleasure
    was banned.
  • By the summer of 1942, many Americans realized
    that the war was far from over.

6
WWII
  • Called a World war because a majority of the
    worlds nations split into one of two opposing
    sides
  • Allies- included Russia, U.S.A, United Kingdom,
    and China.
  • Axis- included Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, and
    Imperial Japan

7
World War II
  • One of the most devastating wars in history.
  • Loss of human life estimated at 72 million.
  • Two-thirds of victims were civilians.
  • Holocaust victims numbered in the millions.

8
U.S. Involvement
  • The U.S. entered the World War after Pearl
    Harbor. American leaders were angry because Japan
    attacked after they said they would not.
  • Cities that were devastated by the Atomic bomb
    Hiroshima and Naga Saki
  • Fear of war caused many Americans to turn a blind
    eye to the conflicts overseas.
  • Pearl Harbor changed everything.
  • 1940 brought the first peacetime draft in the
    nations history.
  • Men 21-35 years of age were required to register
    for military service.
  • The age was then lowered to eighteen.

9
Patriotism
  • Many young men couldnt wait to be drafted
    patriotism was at an all-time high.
  • Teenagers often felt it was their duty to enlist.

10
Patriotism and Change
  • The war brought changes to the American economy
    and lifestyle.
  • Need for weapons created jobs.
  • Americans attended rallies, bought war bonds,
    conserved fuel and rubber by car pooling, and
    planted victory gardens.
  • In short, American life, as it had been, changed
    for the duration- a phrase that meant until
    the end of the war.

11
Imagine
  • Imagine going to high school while one of the
    deadliest and most devastating wars in history
    was happening.
  • How would it affect you? Would your life be any
    different?

12
The War in Iraq
  • How has the war in Iraq affected you? (Has it
    affected you at all?)
  • Have the news stories and pictures affected your
    life or view of the world?

13
A Separate Peace
  • The novel was first published in England in 1959
    and in the U.S. in 1960.
  • It proved to be such a success that Knowles was
    able to resign from his job and devote his time
    to writing and travel.
  • He wrote many other novels, none as successful as
    A Separate Peace.

14
Setting
  • Devon School in New Hampshire
  • The central story begins less than a year after
    December 7, 1941, the Japanese attack on Pearl
    Harbor, in Hawaii.

15
A Separate Peace
  • War is in the background of this bubble it
    affects the boys, but not directly
  • Main characters are juniors.
  • They attend an elite private boarding school.

16
Flashback
  • a story in the present that refers back to an
    event(s) that occurred in the past.
  • In ASP- starts in the present with Gene returning
    to his school and remembering a happening that
    occurred 15 years previously.
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