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A Separate Peace

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Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: Dr David Sutton Last modified by: Dr David E Sutton Created Date: 1/1/1601 12:00:00 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A Separate Peace


1
(No Transcript)
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  • A Separate Peace

John Knowles
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3
A Separate Peace
  • A Separate Peace is a classic story of a young
    mans emergence from adolescence. The novel is
    somewhat autobiographical, as it is based on
    Knowless own experiences as a student at
    Phillips Exeter Academy in New Hampshire during
    World War II.

John Knowles
4
Author John Knowles
  • Born in 1926 in West Virginia
  • Best known works are set in New England

5
Knowles Childhood
  • Parents were originally from Massachusetts.
  • Knowles spent many summer vacations there.
  • At the age of fifteen, Knowles applied to an
    elite New Hampshire boarding school, Phillips
    Exeter Academy.

6
John Knowles continued
  • Knowles expresses his affections and fond
    memories for his boarding school memories in A
    Separate Peace.
  • Soon after Knowles entered Exeter, the U.S.
    declared war on Japan and entered World War II.
  • Knowles went into the military after he graduated
    from high school and trained to be a pilot in the
    U.S. Army Air Force Aviation Program.
  • When the war ended, he attended Yale University
    in New Haven, Connecticut.

7
A Separate Peace
  • The novel was first published in England in 1959
    and in the U.S. in 1960.
  • It proved to be such a success that Knowles was
    able to resign from his job and devote his time
    to writing and travel.
  • He wrote many other novels, none as successful as
    A Separate Peace.
  • He lived in Fort Lauderdale, FL, before passing
    away in 2001.

8
Character List
  • Gene Forrester is the novel's narrator, and he
    tells the story as a flashback, reflecting on his
    days at the Devon School from the vantage point
    of adulthood.
  • Finny energetic and vibrant, Finny is a
    tremendous athlete friendly and verbally adroit,
    he is able to talk his way out of any situation.
  • Brinker Hadley is, in many ways, a foil to Finny.
    Also charismatic and a leader of the Devon boys,
    Brinker wields a power comparable but opposite to
    Finny's.
  • Elwin Leper Lepellier is a quiet, peaceful,
    nature-loving boy.

9
Internal Conflicts According to Knowles, the
major concern of the novel is to expose and
explore the 2 conflicting psychological forces
within the American Character
  1. One is a creative and expressive force, a germ
    of wildness
  2. The other, is a more conservative force that
    identifies with established institutions such as
    governments, academic settings, and accepted
    values.
  • In ASP this conflict is symbolically represented
    in the personalities of the 2 main characters.
    Gene Forrester, the narrator, is the cautious
    Protestant who is both attracted to and
    frightened by the germ of wildness he sees in
    the powerful personality of his roommate,
    Phineas. Over time, each boy acquires traits from
    the other. Although the focus of the novel is on
    Genes resolution of his conflicts with Phineas,
    it is apparent that Phineas also achieves a
    separate peace.

10
Setting
  • Devon School in New Hampshire
  • The central story begins less than a year after
    December 7, 1941, the Japanese attack on Pearl
    Harbor, in Hawaii.

11
WWII
  • World War II September 1939 to September 1945.
  • Called the World war because a majority of the
    worlds nations split into one of two opposing
    sides
  • Allies- included Russia, U.S.A, United Kingdom,
    and China.
  • Axis- included Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, and
    Imperial Japan

12
World War II
  • The most devastating war in history.
  • Loss of human life estimated at 72 million.
  • Two-thirds of victims were civilians.
  • Holocaust victims numbered in the millions.

13
U.S. Involvement
  • The U.S. entered the World
  • War after Pearl Harbor.
  • Fear of war caused many Americans to turn a blind
    eye to the conflicts overseas.
  • Pearl Harbor changed everything.
  • 1940 brought the first peacetime draft in the
    nations history.
  • Men 21-35 years of age were required to register
    for military service.
  • Age then lowered to eighteen.

14
Patriotism
  • Many young men couldnt wait to be drafted
    patriotism was at an all-time high.
  • Teenagers often felt it was their duty to enlist.

15
Patriotism and Change
  • The war brought changes to the American economy
    and lifestyle.
  • Need for weapons created jobs.
  • Americans attended rallies, bought war bonds,
    conserved fuel and rubber by car pooling, and
    planted victory gardens.
  • Society also began changing and adjusting due to
    the man shortage.
  • In short, American life, as it had been, changed
    for the duration- a phrase that meant until
    the end of the war.

16
External Conflicts
  • The most important aspect of the novels
    background is WWII and its impact on the lives of
    young Americans. World War II began in 1939 and
    ended in 1945. ASP is set during the years 1942
    and 1943, when it seemed that the fighting might
    continue indefinitely.

17
  • The virtual certainty of young men being drafted
    into a bloody war upon graduation from school
    informs the background of A Separate Peace. The
    United States drafted more than ten million men
    for service in World War II of these, more than
    five hundred thousand were killed or wounded.
    Students nearing graduation-like Gene, Finny, and
    Brinker-knew they would face the draft very soon.
    Some students sought to avoid dangerous service
    in the infantry by volunteering for special
    programs before being called-for example, Leper
    Lepelliers enlistment in the ski troops and the
    plans Gene and Brinker discuss in Chapter 13.

18
  • World War II resulted from the threat of
    aggressive expansion in Europe by Germany and in
    the Pacific by Japan. Upon the bombing of Pearl
    Harbor by the Japanese on December 7, 1941,
    America finally declared war in both Europe and
    the Pacific. By 1942, the year in which ASP is
    set, Germany had overrun Norway, France, Belgium,
    and the Netherlands in the west, and had thrust
    deep into Russia in the east.

19
  • During the period covered by the novel, the US
    was just beginning to make its presence felt by
    joining British bombers in air attacks over
    Germany. The final phase of the European war
    began on June 6, 1994, when the allies announced
    a massive invasion of Normandy. After intense
    fighting across the European continent, the war
    ended Europe on May 8, 1945 the Japanese
    surrendered some four months later.

20
External Conflicts
  • Another important item in the storys cultural
    background is its setting
  • a private preparatory school modeled on Phillips
    Exeter and similar institutions in New England
    traditionally prepared an elite group of young
    men for Harvard, Yale, Princeton, and other Ivy
    League colleges. Privileged by wealth and family
    connections, their students joined exclusive
    clubs in college and then took places reserved
    for them in the business world and in the highest
    social circles. Such New England boarding schools
    have been the traditional training ground for
    Americas aristocracy. Today most preparatory
    schools are coeducational, but they still provide
    a rigorous education for a selected few.

21
Major Themes
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1. Understanding conflict within yourself is a
necessary part of growing up
  • What kind of inner conflicts can a person feel
    about other people/events?
  • How can an inner conflict be painful or
    frightening to recognize?
  • Have you ever followed an impulse to do something
    that you later regretted?
  • Have you ever decided not to do something that
    you later felt you should have done?

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23
2. Friendship grows through conflict,
resolving differences, forgiveness, and accepting
strengths and weaknesses of each other.
  • Do you think a good friendship can exist without
    conflict?
  • How can conflicts between friends be resolved?
  • Do you agree that a person has to accept a
    friends weaknesses as well as strengths?

24
3. A persons own insecurities may cause him or
her to misinterpret a friends actions or words.
  • What kind of insecurities do young people feel?
  • How is it possible to misinterpret someone elses
    actions or words in terms of your own
    insecurities?

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25
4. Personal joys and pains are felt more strongly
than even great public events such as war.
  • Do important public events such as local,
    national, or international political struggles
    seem to affect your personal life?
  • Do you think the threat of war would influence
    the way you feel about your friends or classmates?

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26
Theme and Motif
  • Theme a broad idea in a story, or a message or
    lesson conveyed by a work
  • A work can have more than one theme.
  • Motif a reoccurring subject, theme, or idea in a
    literary, artistic, or musical work.
  • Difference between theme and motif
  • Theme are ideas explored by the text.
  • Motifs are reoccurring elements that represent
    ideas.

27
Themes Motifs in A Separate Peace
  • Themes
  • Identity- The development of self in the face of
    peer pressure.
  • Man vs. Self- Even in times of war, the most
    difficult battle is within the human heart.
  • Motifs-
  • Transformation- the characters and the school
    undergo immense changes throughout the story.
  • Competition- the competitive nature of athletics
    and of friendship.

28
What does it mean to identify with someone else?
  • Have you ever experienced feeling so close to a
    friend that you shared the same thoughts?

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29
How does who you are affect what you do?
  • And how do you know who you are?

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