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Title: E-Mail: cynthia@ccms.nkfust.edu.tw


1
??????
????? ? ? ?????????????
??????? E-Mail cynthia_at_ccms.nkfust.edu.tw
Home Page http//www.nkfust.edu.
tw/cynthia/ ????07/19/2001-08/24/2001
2
? ? ? ?
??????????? (???5-9) ???????????
(???10-12) ?????(??)????? (???13-20) ?????????????
???? (???21-25) ????????????? (???26-33) ?????????
?? (???34-41) ?????????? (???42-70) ??????????
(???71-135) ?????????? (???136-166) ??????????
(???167-182) ????????? (???183-199) ????????????
(???200-222) ??????(??)???????? (???223-228)
3
???????????
???? 1. ???????????????????????
???,1998? 2. ???????????????????????
??????,2001? ??????? 1. ??????????????????????
?? ??????????????,1997?
(???????020.26 8644/1995?? 5??????? ) 2.
???????????????????????? ???????,1999?
(???????R 020.58 8685 5?????)
4
3. ???????????????????????
??????,2000? (???????028 8354 5???????)
4. ???????????????????????? ??,1995?
(???????R
????) 5. ???????????????????????
2000.4 (http//lac.ncl.edu.tw/info/index.htm)?
6. ?????????? (90.1.17????)? 7.
?????????????(1995.9)? 8. ?????????????(CNS136
12) (1995??, 1996??)?
(???????????????,????????) ???????? ?????
Reading List?
5
??? ?????????
??????????? 1.???????
?????????,?????????,???
????,???????????? 2. ????????????
(1)?????????????????????
????????????? (2)???????????????????
(3)1896???,?????????no.16????
??????????????????????? ??????????
(4)1906???????????????,????
????????
6
3. ???????????? (1)???papyrus(??/??)?
biblion(??/?) ?bibliontheke(?????)?b
ibliothegue(???) ?bibliothek(???)
(2)???liber(????/?????)?librarium
?library(??) ??????? 1.?????????????,??????
????, ??????????
(1)???????????????? (2)?????????????????
??? (3)?? ? ??????,??????,?????
????(To provide the right books to the
right reader at the right
time)??(Melvil Dewey) 2.???????,??????????????
?? ???,???????????(???)
7
(1)???????????????????
(2)????????????????????
(3)???????????????? (4)?????????????????
????? (5)?????????????(Hybrid library)
,? ????????????????????? ???????
1. ?????????(IFLA,1975) (1)?????? (2)??????
(3)?????? (4)?????? 2. ???
(1)?????? (2)?????? (3)????????? (4)?????
?
8
3. ???????????? (2000.4)
???????????????????????,
???????????????????????? ?????????
(1)???? ?????????,????????,????
??? (2)??????????
?????????????????,?????
?,????????,??????? (3)????
???????????,??????????? ??????
(4)?????? ?????????,??????,??????
??????
9
(5)???????????????????
???????????????????,???
??????????????????? ???(?)?????? ????
(10??) ?Reading List 1. ????????????
In????????? p.7-19? 2.
?????????????-???? In????? ??????
10
??? ?????????
?????????????? 1. ???? (Clay tablet)
B.C.3600-A.C./????/????/????????? ????
2. ???? (Papyrus) B.C.2000-A.C.1200/?????
????? 3. ???? (Parchment)
B.C.200-A.C.1400-1500/?????????? 4. ????
(Waxed tablet) A.C.400??/???? ????????????
?? 1. ????????????????,??????,
????????????????????? 2. ????????????????????
???
11
3. ???????????????????????
???,?????????? 4. ???????????????,???????
???,????????? 5. ??????-?? ?????????????
??? 1. ?(?)????-? 2. ??????????-???
3. ?????? ???(???)? ???(???) ? ?(???/???
??????) ? ?(???/??)?
?????????(A.C.105)?A.C.400- ?????
????????-??A.C.1000????????
12
??????????????? 1. ??????? (1) ??7??-
????????? (2) A.C.750- ????
(3) A.C.1150- ??? (4) ??16??- ??? 2.
????????????? (1) ??15????? (Johannes
Gutenberg, 139?- 1468) ???????????
(2) ??????????????????????
?????? (3) ??19??????? (4)
??????????????????(??R. Morrison
??)? 3. F. W. Lancaster21????????(Paperless
Society)?? ?Reading List ????????????????In??
????? ??p.21-37?
13
??? ???(??)?????
?????????? 1. ????????? B.C.3000-4000
- B.C.600/????/????/???? ????????? 2.
?????? B.C.1000?-100/????????? 3.
?????? (1)B.C.300-A.C.100/?????-???
(2)?????????????????????? 4.
??????(B.C.100-A.C.400/??(????)???)
??????????????,??On Libraries?
?????????????,???????
14
5. ?????? (1)A.C.500-900/?????????
(2)??????A.C.1200- ???????? 6.
????????? A.C.1500-??????????????????
7. ??-???????? ???????,???????????????
???????? 8. ????? (1)1876
??????????????ALA??? DDC???Samuel
Green??????? (2)1887 Melvil
Dewey??????????????
?????,??????????(School of Library
Economy)?? (3)1970???,?????????????
(4)1980???,????????,?????????
(5)1990???,?????????,?????
???????,???????????
15
?????????? 1. ??(??)??????
(1)?????????????????????? ??????????
(2)??-????????????????,??
??????????? 2. ????????
(1)???????????????????,???
???????????? (2)????????????????????,??
??????????? 3. ??????????????
(1)???,???????????????????
?,????????? (2)????????????????
16
(3)??????????????????????
?????????? (4)??????????? 4.
???????????? (1)?????????,?????????????
???????????,??????????
(2)????????????????????? ????????
(3)?????????????????
(4)??????,??????,????????? 5. ??(????)????
(1)1906???????????????????
??????(???????) ???????
(2)1906?,???????????? (3)1909?????????????
??????,
17
???? ???????? (4)1910
???????,???????????? (5)1915
????????,???????????
?????????,????????????? ??
(6)1919 ????????????????????? ???
(7)1920 ????????????1929 ?????
???????,????????,??????
??????????????? (8)1928 ???????????????
(9)1933 ?????????,???????????? 6.
??????? (1)1953?????????????(????????
????,??14?6??????),??????
18
?????? (2)1954 ????????????
(3)1955 ?,??????????????????
?????????1980 ???????????
??????,1988????????????
(4)1978????????????????,???
??????????,????????? (5)1986
???3???????????,???309 ?????????
(6)?1989 ???????????,???????
???????????,??????????? ????
(7)1990 ????????????(?????
???????),????????? ISBN???
?,???????????(Cataloging in
Publication, CIP)??????????????? ?????
19
(8)1991 ?,????????,?????????
???????????(NBINet)?(??????
???????)??? (9)1996 ????????????????,???
???????????????????????
?????? (10)1998 ????????????,??????
????????????????,??????
??????????,??????????(?
?)??????????????????(???
????????????)??,??????? ??????
(11) ?????????????????????
??????????????????????
???????????,?1999?9????? ???????
(12)??????????????????????
20
??,?????????,?1999??????
??????????????????? (CONCERT)??
(13)2001.1.17 ???????????????
????????????? (1)1988?,??
5?????????????-??? ????????,?????,????
,??? ???,??????,??????????,?
??????????????10???????
?,???????????? (2)1995?????????????????,??
? ???????????????????????
????????????? ?Reading List
1.????????????????In??????
???p.38-49? 2.??????????In????????????,
p.3-17?
21
??? ?????????? ?????
?????(Library Science Librarianship)
1.??????,?????????????????
??????????,????????(????? ??. 1989)?
2.????????????????????????
????????????????????????
???????????(???????. 1993) ? 3. ??????
????????????(Shiyali Ramamrita
Ranganathan)?1931???????????????
(1)???????????(Books Are for Use)?
(2)??????????(Every Reader His Book)?
22
(3)??????????(Every Book its Reader?
(4)???????????(Save the Time for the
Reader)? (5)???????????????(Library
is a Growing Organism)? 4.
??(Melvil Dewey)s 3R To provide the
right book to the right reader at the right
time. 5. ???????
(1)?????(Action)???? (2)?????(Change)????
(3)??????(Automation)???? 6.
????????????????
23
7. ??????(?????????) (1)??????(LRgtLM)
? (2)??????(LRltLM) ?
(3)??????(LRLM) ? ? LLibrarianRReader
MMaterial? 8. ??????? (1)W. Crawford
M. Gorman ???? Future libraries
dreams, madness, reality(1995)?????
a. ?????????????(Library serve
humanity)?? b. ???????????(Respect
all forms by which knowledge is
communicated)?? c. ????????????(Use
technology intelligently to
enhance service)?? d.
????????????(Protect free access
to knowledge)?? e.
???????????(Honor the past and
create the future)??
24
(2)???????????????,???????
??????,????????,?????,?
?????,????????? 9. ???????????????,????????
???? ?????(Information Science)
1.????????????????????????
??????????(?)??????(Taylor. 1966
Borko. 1968 T. D. Wilson 1987)?
2.??????????,?????????????
?,????(??)????????????? (Saracevic,
1999)? 3. ???????????,????????????
??????? ????????????????
?????????????????????(Patrick Wilson,
1983)
25
??????(Library and Information Science) 1.
??????????????????????,?
?????????????,??????????? 2.
???????,???????,???????? 3.
???????????????????????
??????????????????,?????
????????????????????(????) 4.
??????????????????????(?
?????????????????????????
??????????)??????,??????? (??????) 5.
?????????????????,?????
??????(?????????) ?Reading List
???????????In????????p.1-37?
26
??? ???????????
?????? 1.??????????,?????(?)?????
?????????????,??????????
????,?????????,????????? ???????????????
2. ?????,??????????????????
???????????????????????? ????????? 3.
?? (1)???????,?????,??????,??
??????????????????????? ?????
(2)????????????????,??????
???????(?NBINet)
27
(3)???????????,??????,????
???,???????????????????
??????(???????????(????))
(4)??????????????,?????????
(??????????????) (5)???????????????????
??? ???????
(6)???????????,???????????
???,???????????????????
??,?????????????,?????? ????? ??????
1.??????????(???)?????????
????,????????????,??????
??,??????????????????? 2.?????????????????????
??(?
28
??????????????????????)?
??????????????????????? ???? 3. ??
(1)???????,????????,??????
???????????????????????
(2)????????????,???????????
(3)????????,??????????????,
????????????,??????? (4)????????????????,
?????? ????????
(5)???????????????????????
?,??????????????????,?? ??,???????
(6)?????????????,????????,
?????????
29
???????? 1.?????????,??????????????,
??????????????,????????? ?????????
2. ????????????????? 3. ?? (1)???????
a. ????????,????????,????
?????,???????????????? b.
?????????????????,????
??????????,????? c.
??????????????????????
??????????????? d.
????????????????????,? ????????
30
e. ???????????????,??????
?????? f. ???????,?????????????
g. ??????,?????????,?????
?,????? (2)??????? a.
???????,????,????????? ????
b. ???????,?????????????,
???????? c. ?????????????,???????
31
????(??)??? 1.?????????????????,???????
??????,???????????,?????? ??????????
2. ?? (1)??????,?????????
(2)??????????????????,???? ????
(3)???????,??????????,????
????????? (4)????????,???????
(5)????????????,??????? ?????????????
(??10??)
32
?????? 1.??????(?)????????????,??
???????????????,????????
?????,??????????????? 2. ??????????,??????????
???? ????????????????????????
???????,???????????????? 3. ??
(1)????????????????,?????
???????????????????????
?,???????????,?????????
???????,??????????????
(2)??????????????????,????
???????????,??????????? ??,??????????
33
(3)????????????????,??????
???? (4)????????,??????????????
????????????? (5)????????????,???????,
?? ????????????????
(6)??????????????,???????? ????????
?Reading List 1. ??????????(90.1.17????) ?
2. ?????????In?????????p. 51-82? 3.
????????????In???????????
34
??? ?????????
??????? 1. ???? (1)???????????????????
(2)???????????,???????????
?? 2. ???? (1) ???????????????????
(2)???????????????????????
???????????????,??????? ??????????
3. ?????? (1)???(?)??????????????????
?????????????????????
(2)?????????????,???????
35
4. ?????? (1)??????????????,?????????
(2)???????(???)?????????????
??????????????????????? ?? ?????????
??????????,?????????? 1.
???(???????????????) (1)??????????,???????
????? (2)???????
(3)????????????? (4)???
(5)?????????????? (6)???????????????????
??? ?????????
36
(7)???????????(?????????)?
(8)????????,????????? 2. ???
(1)?????????????,?????????
(2)????(Descriptive Cataloging)?
(3)????(Subject Cataloging)???????
(4)????(Original Cataloging)?????(Copy
Cataloging)? (5)?????
(6)????????? (7)????????,??????????????
?????????????????????
(8)????(?????)? ???????????,??????????,??
???????????????????
37
3. ??? (1)???????????????,??????
???? (2)??????????????
(3)???????? 4. ??? (1)????????????????
(2)?????????? (3)????????????
(4)????????? (5)????????????????
(6)???????? (7)??????????????
(8)???????????????????
38
5. ??? (1)?????????????E-Mail???????
(2)??????? (3)???????????????????
?? (4)???????????????????????
??? (5)??????? (6)????????????????
????(SDI)?? 6. ??? (1)??????????????,?
??????? ?????????????????
(2)???????????????,???????
?,???????????,??????? 7. ????? (???????)
(1)??????????,????????????
(2)????????????????????
39
(3)??????????????,????????
????????? ??????? 1. ????????????????????
2. ???(Modular)?? (1)?????????(A. S.
McDonald)?20???, ?????????,???????????
?? ?????? (2)??????????,??????
? (3)?????(Module) ,?????????????
??????(Bay),?????????,????
?????,???????? 3. ???? (1)???????
(2)??????? (3)???????
(4)??????? (5)????????
40
????????? 1. ?????? (1)????
????????????????? (2)????
???????????????????????? (3)??????
???????,??????????? 2. ????
(1)????,??????? (2)????????3 2?
(3)???????,????????,?????,?
??????????? (4)??????
41
(5)???????????????,???????
????????????????????????
(6)???????????? ????????? 1. ??
(1)?????????? (2)?????????????
(3)???????,??????????????? 2. ??
??(Orientation)???(Direction)???(Identification)?
??(Instruction)???(Regulation)?????(Curren
t Awareness)????? ?Reading List 1.
?????????In?????????p. 83-94? 2.
?????????????(CNS13612)?
42
??? ????????
?????????? 1. ???? ??????????????????
????? ????? 2. ??????????
?????????,?????????????? ???? 3.
?????????? (1)???????
???????????? (2)?????????
??(???)????(??)??????????? ??
43
(3)????????? a.
?????????,??????????? b.
???????????????,??????
????????? c. ??????????,?????????(?
???????????????)???????
???? d. ????????????,???(LD)
??? ??(CD) ??????(VCD)
??????(CD- ROM) ???????(DVD) ??
e. ?????????????????,?Lash
ROM?
44
??????????? 1. ?????? (1)????
a. ?? - ???(??)??
??????????(????) ?????? -
???(????????????????)
????,???????????,????
???????????????,??????
.???(Direction Type) ???????
???????????? .???(Source
Type) ???????????(????)?????
?????????????????????
????????????
45
- ???
.???????,?????????,??
??????,???????????,??
????????1550??????????
1701???????????????1801
????????????? (?????
???????????) .????????? ?????
(???? ?????? ????)
b. ??(??????)
??????????(??????)?????
?????????????? -
?????????????????????
????????????? -
?????????????????????
???????(?????????)
46
c. ?????(??) -
?????????????????????
?????????????,???????
?????,???????,??????? ???
- ????????? (2)????
a. ???? ???????????????????????
b. ????? -
?????????????????,?
??????????????? -
?????????????,??????
????,??????????,???? ??????????
47
c. ???????? -
?????50????????????????
??????? - ?????????????????????
???,???????? d. ??
e. ????
????(?????)???(?????),???
(?????????????????,????
???????),?????????????? - ????
????????????????(CD) ?MP3??
- ????
?????????????????(DVD)?? - ????
???(?????) ??????????????
????
48
- ???? ???????
f. ??(??)?? (?????) -
???????,????????,????
????????????????(??)???
????????????? -
??????,???????,??????
?????????? g. ????(?????????????)
???,???????????,? -
??????(Video CD?CD titles?) ? -
?????(CD-ROM) ? -
???(?????????????????? ?????)
? - ?????,????????
49
2. ??????????? (1)????(?)??
???????????,??????????
???????????????????????
?????????????? (2)????(?)??
?????????????????,????
?????????????????????? 3. ??????
(1)???? ??????????????????????
??????????? (2)???(??)??
????????????(??????????
??????)????????????
50
????? 1. ?? (1)???????
?????????????????????,?
????????????,??????????
??????,??????????????(?
??????????????????????)? (2)???????
???????,????????,??????
?,?????????????? (3)????????????????,????
? ??????? 2. ???????
(1)????,???????? (2)?????
51
(3)????? (4)?????
(5)????????????????? (6)?????????? 3.
??????? (1)?????(????)?
????????????????? (2)?????????
a. ????(??????????????) -
?????????????????? -
????????????????????
?????????????????????? b.
????(?????????) -
??????????,??????????? -
??????????????
52
c. ????(?????????) -
???????,??????????????
??????????????,???????
??????????????? (Bibliography
of bibliographies)??????
(Directory of directories) ???????????
(3)???? a. ???(Source Type)
- ?????????? -
?????????????(????)????
?????????????????????
?????????????????????? b.
???(Direction Type) ??????? -
??????????????,?????? -
?????????????? c. ?????
????????????????,?????
?(bibliography of bibliographies)???????

53
4. ??????? (1)??(Bibliography)???(Cata
log) a. ?????????? b.
?????????????????????,
??????????,???????????
?????????????????????? ??????
c. ????,????????????????
?????????????????,????
????????????,?????????
??????????????????????
??????,?????????,????? d.
??????????????(Identify)???
(Verify)???(Locate)???(Select)? e.
??,???????????????????
54
?,????????????????????
????????????????????? f. ??
??????????????????????
????????(???????????????
?????)????????????????? ????????
(2)??(Index)???(Abstract) a.
????????????????? ? b. ??
- ?????????????????????
(?????????????????)????
??(?????)?,????????,???
?????,??????????????(? ?),?????
55
- ?????????
.?????? ?????????,??????????
? ??????,????????
.?????????
????????????????,????
??????????????????,??
??????????? - ????,????????
.????????????????????
?????????????????????
????????
.??????????????,??????
???? ????(????????????
???) ??????
56
.??????(Citation
Index)????????
?????????????????????
????????????,????????
???????,?????????,???
?????????????,???????
????????,????????????? c. ??
- ??????????,??????,????
??????????????,???????
???????????????????,??
???????? - ??????????3?
.?????????,????????
.???????????????,????
???????????????,?????
57
???,??????????,?????
???
.?????????????,?????,
????????,?????? (3)?????(Dictionaries)
a. ?????? ? b.
????????????????????
?????????????? c. ??????
- ??(???)????
?????????,????,??????,
????????????,????????? - ??????
?????????,???????????
???????????????????
58
???????????????????
?????????????????????? -
?????? ????????????
- ?????? ??????????????,????
??? ?????????????????,????
????????? (4)???????(Encyclop
edia) a. ???????????? b.
?? - ????????????,?????????
??,??????????????,????
??????????????????????
???????? - ???????????????,??????
59
????????,??????,??????
???????????,??????? -
????? .????????????????????
????????????????????
?????????????????????
.???????????????????
????????????
.????????????????????
??????????????????
?????? c. ???? -
????????,???????????,?
???????,????????,????? ??????
60
- ?????????????,????????
???,????????????????,
??????????????????,???
???????????? - ???????,???????????
??, ?????,???????????
- ???????
????????????????????? (5)??
a. ???????????? b. ????????????,??????
??? ???????????????????????
????????????,?????????
????????,?????????????
????????????????????,? ?????????
61
c. ????????? -
????,??????????? -
???,??????????? (6)??????
a. ????????? b. ??????????????????????
??????????????????????
???,?????????? c. ?????????
- ??????????????????
- ????????? .?????????-????????
?? ????????????????????
?,???????????????????
??????????
62
.?????????-??????????
???????????,?????????
?????????????
.??????-???????????,?
?????????????????,??
????????????????????
???????????? - ??????????????????
(7)?????? a. ????????
b. ????????,????????,????
???????????????????????
??????????,??????????? ???
c. ???????????????,??????
63
????????????????????,?
???????,????,??????,???
???,???????,????,??????
????????????????????? d. ?????????
??????????(gazetteer) ???(map)??
??(atlas) ????? ????? ?
(8)??(Yearbook/Almanac)???/??(Chronicles)
a. ??????????? b. ??
- ??????????????,??????? ??
????????,??????????
????,??????????????
Almanac?Almanac ????,????????
??????????????,???????,
?Yearbook ???
64
- ?????????????????????,
?????????????????????
?????????????????????
???????,?????????????
????,?????????? -
???????????????????? c. ??/??
- ?????????,??????,????
???????,?????????????,
??????,???????????? -
??????????????????? - ??/?????
.????????????????
.???????????????????
???????
65
(9)??(Directory)???(Guide)
a. ?????????? b. ?????????????????????
?? ???????????????????????
????????????????????,?
????????????,????????? c.
?????????????????????? ??
d. ??/?????
?????????????????????? (10)??(Handbook)???(
Manual) a. ????????????
b. ?? - ?????????????????????
?,????????,????????,?
?????,???????????
66
- ????????????????,????
?????? c. ??
- ?????????,????????,??
??????,?????????????? ??
- ????????????,???????,
???????????????? d.
?????????????,????,???
?,???????????????,????
?????????????????????
(Compendium),??????????????
?????????????????(facts)?
????,?????????????(for
knowing)???????????(How-to-do-it)?
67
(11)???? a. ????????
b. ???????????????????????
?????,????????????????
??????,?????,?????????
??????????????????????
???????????????,??????
????????,?????????????? c.
??????????????????(???
???????,???????????????
????,?????????????? ?) (12)????
a. ?????????? b.
??????????????????????
??????,?????????,?????
68
???????????,???????????
??????,??????????????,
????????,?????????????? c.
??????????????????????
?????????????????,????
?????????????????????? ??
d. ??????????????,????,??
?????? - ?????????????????
69
5. ?????????(???)?????
(1)????????????????????,??
?????????????? (2)?????????????
a. ?? ?????????????(????????
?)??????????????(????)??
??(????????)????(Chronological
order)????(Geographical Order)??
b. ?? ??????????? (?DDC) ????(?
LCSH)? (3)?????????????????
??,??? ???????(????/Access
Points),???? ??????????????????,?????

70
?Reading List 1. ????????????In?????????
p.195-245? 2. ?????????In????????p.39-7
7? 3. ??????????In????????p. 177-188?
4. ????????????In???????? p.97-145?
71
??? ????????
?????(Technical Services) 1.
??????,?????????????????
????????????????,???????
????,?????????????,????? ??
(1)????,????(???????)? (2)????,????(??????
???????)? (3)?????????,????? 2.
????????????,???????????,
????????,???????????????
?????????????????,??????
??,??????????????????
72
???????? 1. ????????????????,???????
?,?????????????(??)?????? ???
(1) ??????????,?????????
???????????????????????
???,?????????????,????? ???
(2) ???????????????? (3)
????????????????? (4) ???????????????
(5) ??? (6) ????????????????
(7) ?????????????,??????????
??????,?????
73
(8) ?????????????,????????? (9)
??????????????????? a.
??????????,??????????
?????????? b. ???????????????
c. ??????????????,?????,
?????? d. ????????????,????????
??????????? e.
??(??)????????????????
???????????????????? f.
??????????,??????????? g.
???????????,?????????
??????????? h. ??????????????????????
74
2. ??????(Collection Development Policy)
(1) ????????????,??????????
?????????????????? (2) ???????????
a. ??????????? b. ??????????
c. ??????????????????? d.
??????????????? e. ??????????
f. ??????????????????? g.
?????????????? h. ?????????????
i. ????????????????? j.
??????????? k. ??????????????
75
l. ??????????????? m.
?????????????????? n.
?????????????????? 3. ????(??)???
(1)???????????????? (2)??????????
(????)? (3)???????????(??????)?
(4)??????(Conspectus) ,???????
(5)???????????? (6)???????
(7)??????????????????? (8)??????????
4. ???? (1)?? a.
??????,??????????????? b.
????????????????????
76
(2)?? a. ??????1934????????(Sa
muel Clement Bradford)??????????
??? ??????,????????????,??
?????????,????????????
??? b. 1966??????(R.W. Trueswell)
????, ??????????????????,??
???????????,?????????
??????????????,???????? (3)??/????
????????????(F. W. Lancaster)???
??????????????,?60????
10??????80????20????
77
4. ???? ?????????????????????,??
???????????????????????
???????????????? ????????
(1)?????? a. ??????????????,???????
???????,?????????? b.
??????????????????????
???Clapp-Jordan?????Clapp-Jordan???
?50,750???????????,???????
??????,????????? (2)????? a.
???????????? b. ????????????,????????
?
78
?(??????????????) ,?????
?????,????????????? (3)???????
a. ??????????????????(???
?) ,????????????????? b.
??????????????????,??
????????????,?????????
???????????? (4)????? (?????)
a. ?????????????????????
???,??????????????????
?????,????????? b. ?????????????,?????
??? ??????
79
(5)????? a.
?????????????,????????
????????????,????????? ?????
b. ?? - ???????????????????
?? ?,?????(????????)?????
????????? -
?????????????,???????
??(?????)? - ????????????????????
? ??????????,??????????
????,??????(??)????????
??? - ????????????????
c. ?????,??????????,?????
????????,?????????????
80
???????????,??????????
?????????????? (6)??????
a. ???????????,?????????
??????,???????????????
???????????? b. ?????????????????????
??,???????????????????
?????????????????,????
??????????????? (7)?????? a.
????????????????????? ???
b. ?????????????????????
????????????????????
81
(8)???????? a. ??????
????????????(?????)??
??????,????????????,??
?????????????? b. ??????
?????????????????,???
???????,???????,??????
?????????????????,???? ???????
5. ???? (1)???? a. Melvil
Dewey???????,??????, ???????(The
Best Reading for the Largest
Number at the Lowest Cost)?? b.
Francis K. W. Drury????????????
82
?????,??????,???????(To
Provide the Right Book for the Right Reader
at the Right Time??
(2)???? a. ??????????? b.
??,????????? c. ????????????
c. ????????? d. ????????
e. ??????? f. ??????????,?????
g. ????????,????????
83
6. ?????? (1)??????????
????????????????? (2)??????
???????????????????????
?????????????????,????? ???????
(3)??????? ??????????????????????
??? (4)???????
a. ????????????????,?????
???????????????,??????
?????????????????? b.
???????,??????????,??? ??????
84
c. ???????(??)????????,???
???,??????,????????
(5)????????????? a.
?????????,????????????
????????,?????????????
??,????,????????????? b.
??????,???????????????
?,???????? 7. ???? (1)??
- ??????????????????????
???,????????? - ???????????????Bookl
ist? Choice?Library Journal?
- ?????????????? Book
Review Digest?Book Review Index?
85
- ?????????????????????
(2)???? ????,??????????????????
(3)?????? ??????????,????????
(4)???? ????????,???????? 8.
????? ??????????? (1)???
a. ?? - ??????????
- ??????? b. ??
- ?????????? - ???????
86
(2)???-??????????? a. ??
- ??????????? -
???????? b. ?? -
?????,?????,????????? -
?????????????,???????? ????
(3)??? a. ??
???????,?????,?????? b. ??
?????
87
b. ?? -
?????????????,???????
????,??????????,????, ?????
- ????? - ????
.??????????????,???,?
????? .?????????????,?????
? ???????????
c. ??? ??????,??????????????
?,??????????? d. ?????
???????(Greenaway Plan. 1958) ?
?????????Emerson Greenaway?J. B.
Lippincott??????????????
88
c. ??
???????(????)???????????
????????????????,????? ??
d. ?? ???????????????????????
???????????????????????
???????????????????????
????? e. ??
????-Ballen?????-Blackwell? (3)????
(????/Blanket Order) a. ??
- ?????????????????,????
????????,??????????
89
b. ?? -
?????????????,???????
????,??????????,????, ?????
- ????? - ????
.??????????????,???,?
????? .?????????????,?????
? ???????????
c. ??? ??????,??????????????
?,??????????? d. ?????
???????(Greenaway Plan. 1985) ?
90
(4)???? (Standing Order) a.
?? - ?????????????????????
???,??????????,??????
????????????,????????
??????,?????????????? ????????
b. ?? -
???????,?????????????
?????????????????????
?,???????,????,??????? -
??????(Firm Order)????? -
???,????????????????? ?????
91
c. ?? -
???????????????????? -
?????,????? d. ?? -
????????,???????????? -
????????????,?????? (5)???? (Lending
Plan) a. ??
?????????????(?????),?
????????,???????,?????
???????????????????,?? ????????
b. ?? - ???????????
92
8. ???? (1)??
??????????,????????,???
???????,???????,?????,? ???????????
(2)????????? a. ????? (Farming
Plan) 1948-1972 -
??????????(ARL)??,60????? ???
- ??????????????????,?
?????????????? - ??
.???????????????
.???????????,????????,
????????????????(National
Union Catalog, NUC)?,?????????
93
b. ?????????? (Latin American Co-
operative Acquisitions Program,
LACAP) 1960-1972
- ?????????????????????? - ??
???Stechert Hafner???????????,
?????????????? c. 480
?? (Public Law 480 Program) 1961-1972
- ?????????????????????
???????,???????,?????
?????????????????????
????????????????,????
?????????? - ?????????????,???????
??????????
94
d. ????????? (The National program
for Acquisitions and Cataloging,
NPAC) 1966- - ??
1965??????????????????,
??????????????,??????
??????????????,??????
???????,?????????,???
??????????? - ??
?90???????,????????24?,
????????????,????????
???????????? - ??
.??????????,?????????
???????? .??????????????????
95
e. ???????(Center for Research
Libraries, CRL) 1949-
- ?? .1949
?????????????????
?????????(Midwest Inter-Library
Center?,????????????????
?,??????????????? .1965
??????????,???????
???????????200??????,?
????360??,????110??? - ??
.?????????????????????
.???????????? - ??
.????????????????????,
????? .??(??)????????????????
??
96
???????????(????) 1. ???????
????????????????????????
???????????????????????? ???????????
(1)?? a. ??????????????????????
????,??????,?????,????
?????,?????? b. ?????,??????????????
?? ??,????????,??????????
???????,????????????,?
??????????????????,???
??????,??????????
??????????(???)??
97
??????????????????(Dewey
Decimal Classification, DDC??????????
???(Library of Congress
Classification, LCC?? c.
????????,???????????,?
????????????,???????,??
????,????????? d. ?????????????????,??
??? ??(???) ??????????(Access
Points) ??? (2)???
a. ?????,??(??(????)???????
???????,?????????? b.
?????,???????????,???
??????(Chinese Subject Headings, CSH)??
???????????(Library of Congress
Subject Headings, LCSH)?????????
98
(Sears List of Subject
Headings?,??????? ???Medical
Subject Heading(MeSH)?? c.
???????????????????????
???,???????????????????,
????????????,??????????
???,????????????,??????
??,??????????? d. ????????????????????
??? ????,????????,?????????
?,????????????? 4 ???????
???????????????(Access Points) ,
??????(??)?????, ???????? ????????
99
(3)?? a. ?????????????????????
?? ??,????????????????????
???,??????????????,
???????????? b. ?????????????????????(
? ?)???,?????????????????
?,??????????????,??????
??????????????????????? ???????
c. ???,????????????????,??
?????????????????????? (Access
Points)??? - ???????????????????
?? ??????????????????????
100
?????????????????(?????
??) ? -
?????????,????????????
?????(AACRII Revised)??? -
?????ISBD (International Standard
Bibliographic Description)???????????
(4)???????????? a. ?????????????????,?
???? ????????,?????????????
???????????????,???????
???????????????? b.
???????????????????,???
??????????????????????? ?????
c. ?????????????,?????????
101
?????,????????????????
??,??????????,??????
(Subject Cataloging)????????????
??????,??????(?????????
??Descriptive Cataloging)? 2. ???????
(1)?????????,??????????,??
????????????,??????????
??,????????????????????
?,??????????,?????????? ????
(2)???????????????????????
???????-????,???????????
??????????????,???????? ????????
102
(3)??(????)????? a. ?????
- ??????,???????,?????
?,????????????,?????? ???
- ??????????????,??????
???,????,????? -
?????????????,??????? -
???????????????????(?
?),?????????,????????? ???
b. ????? -
??????????????,??????
???,??????????? -
???????????,????????? -
???????,????????????
103
(4)??????? a.
????-??????????????????
?,??????????????,?????? ????
b. ??????????????,????????
????????? c. ??????????????,????????
????????? d.
??????????????????,????
???????????????????????
????????????????,?????? ????????
104
3. ???? vs. ???? (1)??(??)??(Copy
Cataloging) a. ??
???????,??????,??????
????????????????????,?
????????????????,?????
???,?????????????,????,
?????????? b. ?? -
??????,??????? - ???????
- ??????,??????? -
????,??????? (2)???? (Original
Cataloging) a. ??
??????????????????????,
105
??????????????,?????,?
?????,??????? b.
????????????,?????????
?,????????????,???????
?????????????,??????? 4. ????
(1)???????????????????(physical
analysis),?????????(?????????
??)????????????????????,
???????,??????,???????
???????,???????????????, ?????
(2)?????????????,????????? ????????
106
a. ????????(??????????????
????????) ? b.
???(?????????????) ? c.
???????(???????????????
??????????????????,??? ?????????
d. ???(???/??????/??????/???,
??????) ? e.
???(??????????????????? ????) ?
f. ???(?????????) ? g.
???? h. ????????????(??????????
????) ? ( i. ???
?????????/????????? ??)
107
(3)???? a. ?????????????(84/6
???) ? b.
???????????????(AACR II,
Anglo-American Cataloging Rules, 2nd revision,
1988)? 5. ????
(1)?????????????????????,?
???????(??)???? ? (2)???? a.
?? - ?????????????????(?78/?
???)? -
????????????(Dewey Decimal
Classification, DDC)????????????
?(Library of Congress Classification, LCC)??
????????(Universal Decimal
Classification, UDC)??
108
b. ??(????) -
??????????????(?84/???)? -
???????????????(Library of
Congress Subject Headings, LCSH)??????
???(Sears List of Subject Headings)?????
??????(Medical Subject Headings,
MeSH)?? (3) ???????? a.
????(???)??? - ???????????????????
???? - ????????????????,?????
???,???????,?????????,
??????????????????????
?(???),??????????????,?
????????(?300 ????????,
310????),????????????,??
109
???????????????????????,
?????????????????? -
???????????,??????????
???,??????????????????? ???
b. ?????? -
??????????????????,?
???????????????????????
??????????? - ?????????????????,?
?? ?????????????
c. ?????????? -
???????????????,??????
?????????,???????????? ????????
110
- ???????
.??????(???)
??????????????????,??
????,????????????????
??????????????????????
??????,??????,???????
.??????(???/???)
?????????????????????
?????????,???????????
??????????,???????????
?????,??????????????,
?????????????????? .????
?????????????????
111
- ????????
??????,????,?????????
??,?????????????,????
???????,????????,????
???????????????
(1917)????????????????? (1934)???????????????
(1922)???????????? (1934)????????????
(1925)????????????? (1936)????????????
(1928)?????????????? (1946)?????????????????
(1929)???????????? (1946)????????????????
(1931)???????????? (1964)????????????
(1934)???????????? (1977)????????????????(???)
(1934)??????????????????
112
d. ?????? -
????????????(?78/????)
.?????????????????????
??????????????????????
???,???????????,?????
???????????,?????????
???,??????????????
???????????????????,?
?????????????,???????
??????,???????78???????
.??????????????,??????
????,??????????,?????
?,??????????????
.??????????????????,??
?100??,????1000???,?????
????????????
113
.???????? 0 ?? 1 ???(????)
2 ??? 3 ????? 4 ????? 5 ????? 6-7 ???
8 ??? 9 ???
.??????????????????,??
?????????????????,???
????????????????????
?????????????????????
?????????????????????
????????????????????? ?????
114
.????????????????????
??????,?????????????
?????????????,??????
???? - ????????(Dewey Decimal
Classification, DDC)?(21st
Edition, 1996) .?????????(Mevil
Dewey)?1876??
????????????????????
(????),?????????????,?
?????,??????,??????? ???
.??????????????????? 0 Generali
ties 1 Philosophy Psychology 2 Religion 3
Social Science
115
4 Language 5 Natural Science
Mathematics 6 Technology (Applied
Science) 7 The Arts 8 Literature
Rhetoric 9 Geography History
.????????????????????
???????,????????? - ???????????
(Library of Congress
Classification, LCC)?
.????????????????????
????????????????????
?????,???????,??????
???????,????????,???
????????????????
116
.????????????????????? A Gene
ral Works (??) B Philosophy. Psychology.
Religion (??/???/??) C Auxiliary Sciences of
History (??????) D-F History (??) G Geography.
Maps. Anthropology. Recreation (??/?

?/???/????) H Social Sciences
(????) J Political Science (????) K Law
(??) L Education (??) M Music (??) N Fine
Arts (??) P Literature Linguistics
(??/???) Q Science (????) R Medicine
(??) S Agriculture (??) T Technology
(??) U Military Science (???) V Naval Science
(????) Z Bibliography. Library Science
(???/????)
117
.??????????????????,??
????????????????????? e.
?????? - ???????????????????,??
??????????????????????
??? - ?????????????????,???
? ??????????????????????
?? -
??????????????,???????
????(????????????????? ?????)?
- ???????????,??????????
??????????????????????
????????
118
- ?????????????,????????
????,????,???????? -
??????????,???????????
???,????????????,
?????????????? -
?????????,????????? -
?????????????,????????
???????? - ??????????????????????
???,???????? -
?????????????????????,
?????????????????????
?????,???????????,????? -
???????????,?????????
???????????????????
119
- ?????????????????,????
?,?????????????? -
???????,????(????)?????
?(?????)?????(?????????)?,
?????????????????? -
????????????,????????? ???
- ??????????,???????????,
???????? -
?????????????????????? ??????
120
f. ??? - ??????
.????????????????????
???????,??????????,?
????????????????????
??,???????????????,
?(a)?????????????(???
??)(b)????????????????
????,????????????,???
??????,?????????,???
?????? .???????????????????
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