Native American Literature - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Native American Literature PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 4a1ade-MzY0N



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Native American Literature

Description:

Native American Literature Oral Tradition, Archetypes, Mythology, Folklore, and Exemplum Native American Literature Sacred narratives Oral Tradition Important themes ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:808
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 19
Provided by: Amb570
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Native American Literature


1
Native American Literature
  • Oral Tradition, Archetypes, Mythology, Folklore,
    and Exemplum

2
Native American Literature
  • Sacred narratives
  • Oral Tradition
  • Important themes
  • Creation, Nature, Morals
  • Common elements
  • Great Spirit
  • Ancestry
  • Seasons
  • Weather
  • Plants
  • Animals
  • Earth, water, fire, sky

3
Oral Tradition
  • Cultural material and tradition transmitted
    orally from one generation to the next
  • Early Native American literature is almost
    entirely oral in nature due to a lack of written
    language
  • Examples Folktales, myths, ballads, songs,
    chants

4
Oral Tradition
  • May employ one of several devices used to aid in
    memorization
  • Which devices might a speaker use to make his/her
    story successful?

5
The Answer
  • Repetition
  • Refrain
  • Onomatopoeia
  • Rhyme
  • Easy-to-memorize characters and elements
  • Use of common archetypes

6
Archetypes
  • A universally understood symbol, term, or pattern
    of behavior
  • A prototype upon which others are copied,
    patterned, or emulated

7
Some Universal Archetypes

  • The Hero
  • The Martyr
  • The Damsel in Distress
  • The Wise Old Man
  • The Devil
  • The Trickster

8
Shakespearean Archetypes
  • Falstaff Fat, comic knight
  • Romeo and Juliet Star-crossed lovers
  • Richard II Hero who dies with honor

9
Archetypes Whats the pattern?
10
Archetypes Whats the pattern?
11
Archetypes Whats the pattern?
12
Archetypes Whats the pattern?
13
Archetypes Whats the pattern?
14
Mythology
  • A story about why something is the way it is
  • Usually embrace gods, the supernatural, heroes,
    and humans
  • Usually regarded as a true account of the past
  • May be about customs, institutions, geography,
    natural landmarks, etc.

15
Creation Myth
  • Myths that detail the beginnings of earth or life
  • Usually take place in a world that has not yet
    achieved its modern form
  • Usually feature gods and heroes
  • Usually considered sacred or religious
  • Almost always begin through the transmission of
    oral literature

16
Folklore
  • Legends, music, oral history, proverbs, jokes,
    fairy tales, stories, tall tales that express the
    traditions of a culture
  • May include artifacts, oral traditions, culture,
    and rituals
  • Do not confuse folklore with creation myths
  • Creation myths are associated with fact, truth,
    and religion
  • Folklore is accepted as false, but fun
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vhB8_THAyd5o

17
Exemplum
  • A moral anecdote used to prove a point or teach a
    lesson
  • Aesops Fables
  • The Pardoners Tale in Canterbury Tales
  • "The Two City Dwellers and the Country Man,
  • Three traveling companions of the tale's title
    are on a pilgrimage to Mecca. Near their
    destination, their provisions are nearly
    depleted, and the two city dwellers attempt to
    cheat the country man by telling him that whoever
    of them dreams the most extraordinary dream shall
    get the last of their bread. As the city dwellers
    sleep, the country man, alert to their intended
    deception, eats the half-baked bread before
    retiring. The city dwellers relate their made-up
    dreams. One says he was taken to heaven and led
    before God by angels. The other says that angels
    escorted him to hell. The country man says he
    dreamed the same things that his companions
    dreamed and, believing them to be forever lost,
    one to heaven and the other to hell, ate the
    bread.
  • "As it says in the proverb, He who wanted all,
    lost all."

18
Example
  • Look for examples of
  • Oral Tradition
  • Archetypes
  • Mythology
  • Folklore
  • Exemplum
  • In the following
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vmPs6_0g8RHA
About PowerShow.com