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PERIODS OF AMERICAN LITERATURE

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PERIODS OF AMERICAN LITERATURE 1650 present day Pre-Colonial/ Native American [ 1600] CHARACTERISTICS 1ST Americans Creation & Origin Myths Legends Storytelling ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: PERIODS OF AMERICAN LITERATURE


1
PERIODS OF AMERICAN LITERATURE
  • ?1650 present day

2
Pre-Colonial/ Native American ? 1600
  • CHARACTERISTICS
  • 1ST Americans
  • Creation Origin Myths
  • Legends
  • Storytelling
  • Oral Tradition

3
Pre-Colonial/ Native American
  • Writers Works
  • Earth on a Turtles Back

4
Colonial (Puritans Age of Reason) 1600-1800
  • CHARACTERISTICS
  • PURITANS
  • 1600-1700
  • Sermons
  • Personal Narratives
  • Plain Style
  • Authority of Bible church

5
Colonial (Puritans Age of Reason) 1600-1800
  • CHARACTERISTICS
  • AGE OF REASON
  • 1700-1800
  • Political pamphlets
  • Ornate Style
  • Persuasive Writing
  • Patriotism

6
COLONIAL
  • HISTORY
  • PURITAN
  • Persons fate determined by God
  • All are corrupt must be saved by Christ
  • Settlement of British Colonies in America
  • AGE OF REASON
  • Revolutionary War
  • Instructive in values

7
COLONIAL
  • PURITAN
  • William Bradford
  • Mary Rowlandson
  • Jonathan Edwards
  • Anne Bradstreet
  • The Crucible (Arthur Miller-1950)
  • AGE OF REASON
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • Benjamin Franklin
  • Thomas Paine
  • Patrick Henry

8
ROMANTICISM 1800-1860
  • CHARACTERISTICS
  • VALUE FEELING INTUITION OVER REASON
  • IMAGINATION
  • MYSTERY
  • SLAVE NARRATIVES
  • POETRY
  • SHORT STORIES

9
ROMANTICISM
  • HISTORY
  • Expansion of magazines, np, and book publishing
  • Slavery debates
  • Industrial Revolution old ways of doing things
    are now irrelevant

10
ROMANTICISM
  • WRITERS
  • Washington Irving
  • William Cullen Bryant
  • Paul Laurence Dunbar
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • Edgar Allan Poe
  • Emily Dickinson
  • Herman Melville

11
TRANSCENDENTALISM/ Anti-Transcendentalism
  • CHARACTERISTICS
  • TRANSCENDENTALISM
  • 1840-1860
  • American Renaissance
  • Self-Reliance
  • Individualism
  • Inner-Light
  • Idealist
  • Utopia
  • Intuition

12
TRANSCENDENTALISM/ Anti-Transcendentalism
  • CHARACTERISTICS
  • ANTI-TRANSCENDENTALISM
  • Dark Romanticism
  • Symbolism
  • Sin, Pain, Evil

13
TRANSCENDENTALISM/ ANTI-TRANSCENDENTALISM
  • WRITERS
  • TRANSCENDENTALISM
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • Henry David Thoreau
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • ANTI-TRANSCENDENTALISM
  • Edgar Allan Poe

14
REALISM/ REGIONALISM/ NATURALISM
  • CHARACTERISTICS
  • Local Color
  • Ordinary People
  • Real-life, Every-day events
  • Objective Narrator
  • Open Interpretation
  • Slave Narratives
  • Fate and circumstance is beyond mans control

15
REALISM/ REGIONALISM/ NATURALISM
  • HISTORY
  • 1860-1900
  • Civil War post Civil War
  • Influence of Sigmund Freud Charles Darwin
  • Demand for truer type of lit. that does not
    idealize people or places

16
REALISM/ REGIONALISM/ NATURALISM
  • WRITERS
  • Walt Whitman
  • Mark Twain
  • Ambrose Bierce
  • Stephen Crane
  • Frederick Douglas
  • Kate Chopin
  • Edith Wharton
  • Edwin Arlington Robinson

17
MODERNISM
  • CHARACTERISTICS
  • Pessimism
  • American Dream
  • Imagism
  • Lost Generation
  • Beat Generation
  • Use of interior monologue stream of
    consciousness
  • Plays, Poetry, Novels

18
MODERNISM
  • HISTORY
  • 1900-1950
  • WWI WWII
  • Jazz Age/ Roaring 20s
  • Harlem Renaissance
  • The Great Depression
  • Karl Marx
  • rise of youth culture

19
HARLEM RENAISSANCE 1920s
  • Literary movement parallel to Modernism.
  • It focused on African American thought and
    community.
  • Civil rights and equality were major themes of
    Harlem Renaissance writing.
  • During this period African Americans were for the
    first time recognized as artists, writers and
    musicians.

20
MODERNISM
  • WRITERS
  • F. Scott Fitzgerald
  • Robert Frost
  • T.S. Elliot
  • John Steinbeck
  • William Faulkner
  • Langston Hughes
  • W.E.B. DuBois
  • Ezra Pound
  • William Carlos Williams
  • Arthur Miller

21
POST-MODERNISM/ CONTEMPORARY
  • CHARACTERISTICS
  • 1950 ?
  • Mix of fantasy w/ non-fiction
  • Media culture interprets values
  • Narratives
  • Anti-Heroes
  • Emotion-Provoking
  • Humorous Irony
  • Storytelling
  • Autobiographies
  • Individual Isolation
  • Social Issues (ethnic feminist)

22
POST-MODERNISM/ CONTEMPORARY
  • HISTORY
  • Post WWII prosperity
  • New century millennium
  • Space exploration
  • Korean War
  • Vietnam War
  • Gulf War
  • WTC/ 9-11
  • Iraqi War
  • Advances in technology

23
POST-MODERNISM/ CONTEMPORARY
  • WRITERS
  • Arthur Miller
  • Toni Morrison
  • Sylvia Plath
  • J.D. Salinger
  • Beat Poets
  • Maya Angelou
  • Alice Walker

24
and the rest is unwritten
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