Native American Literature - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Native American Literature PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 7fe6f8-ZGYwM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Native American Literature

Description:

Honors English 10 Native American Literature Oral Tradition American literature begins with the orally transmitted myths, legends, tales, and lyrics of Native ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:235
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 18
Provided by: CVS62
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Native American Literature


1
Native American Literature
  • Honors English 10

2
Oral Tradition
  • American literature begins with the orally
    transmitted myths, legends, tales, and lyrics of
    Native American tribes.

3
  • The Native Americans spoke hundreds of languages
    and lived in incredibly diverse societies with
    varied mythological beliefs. Despite their
    differences, their cultures and literary
    traditions had the following common elements

4
  • believed in the power of words and relied on
    memory
  • stories are not defined by the boundaries of
    written language
  • the oral tradition was a performance and is
    offered to the audience as dramatic events in
    time

5
  • the storyteller is very important to culture and
    is one of the most honored and respected members
    of the tribe/society
  • there is no known original author
  • these stories are open to personal interpretation

6
  • These oral stories were chanted, spoken, sung and
    repeated over and over until embedded into the
    memories of the next generations.
  • The Native American oral tradition was the only
    way to pass on tribal history, heritage, and
    cultural practices.
  • In order to continue hundreds of years of a
    tribes history the young must listen and
    remember the stories the elders tell and then
    pass them on.

7
Some Dominant Themes Motifs
  • relationships between humans and animals
  • respect and reverence for mother earth and nature
  • land as the strength of the people
  • village/community/tribe as sovereign
  • cyclical patterns renewal and continuance
  • importance of tribal traditions and history

8
What is a myth?
  • The word itself comes from the Greek "mythos"
    which originally meant "speech" or "discourse"

9
Myth
  • A traditional story that deals with goddesses,
    gods, heroes, and/or supernatural forces. A myth
    may explain a belief, a custom, or a force of
    nature.

10
The 4 Major Functions of Myth
  • 1. Instills a sense of awe toward the universe
  • 2. Explains the workings of the natural world
  • 3. Supports and validates social customs
  • 4. Guides people through the trials of living by
    establishing rules, guidelines, and a religion.

11
Creation Myths
  • Explain how the universe, the earth, and life on
    earth began.

12
Creation Myths
  • SHOW WHAT IS IMPORTANT TO THE TRIBE! (corn,
    animals, rituals, etc.)- CULTURAL DETAILS!!!
  • State the place and people of origin
  • Describe what existed before the creation
  • EXPLAIN the creation of things or the
    beginnings of rituals
  • EXPLAIN who or what did the creating

13
Characters in Myths
  • Always have a flaw
  • Represents/reflects how real human have flaws
  • Teach how to deal if you let your flaw get the
    best of you
  • Look for the character flaws in myths

14
Tribal Hierarchy
  • Chief
  • Shaman Medicine People
  • Tribal Elders
  • Hunters Warriors
  • Chiefs family/other high ranking family members
  • Handicapped
  • Regular Tribe people
  • Children

15
Coyote/Trickster
  • Coyote is a mythological character common to
    many Native American cultures, based on the
    coyote(Canis latrans) animal. This character is
    usually male and may have some coyote-like
    physical features such as fur, pointed ears,
    yellow eyes, tail and claws. The myths and
    legends which include Coyote vary widely from
    culture to culture.

16
Coyote
  • Coyote often plays the role of trickster, god of
    tricks, although in some stories he is a buffoon
    and the butt of jokes and in a few is outright
    evil. His positive traits include humor and
    sometimes cleverness. His negative traits are
    usually greed or desire, recklessness,
    impulsiveness and jealousy.

17
Trickster Tales
  • One form of creation story
  • Vary from tribe to tribe, but contain the same
    basic qualities
  • Trickster are more than deceivers who make us
    laugh
  • By crossing social boundaries, they both break
  • rules and show how important rules are
  • According to the folklorist Seth Thompson, a
    trickster
  • may appear in any one of three roles the
    beneficent
  • culture hero, the clever deceiver, or the
    numskull.
About PowerShow.com