Competence Platform on Energy Crops and Agroforestry Systems in Africa COMPETE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Competence Platform on Energy Crops and Agroforestry Systems in Africa COMPETE

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Competence Platform on Energy Crops and Agroforestry Systems in Africa COMPETE Expert Meeting on Sustainable Biomass Vilm, 13 March 2008 Dipl.-Ing. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Competence Platform on Energy Crops and Agroforestry Systems in Africa COMPETE


1
Competence Platform on Energy Crops and
Agroforestry Systems in AfricaCOMPETE
  • Expert Meeting on Sustainable Biomass
  • Vilm, 13 March 2008
  • Dipl.-Ing. Dominik Rutz M.Sc
  • Dr. Rainer Janssen

WIPSylvensteinstr. 281369 MünchenGermany
2
INCO Project COMPETE Competence Platform on
Energy Crop and Agroforestry Systems for Arid and
Semi-Arid Ecosystems - Africa
Project Duration January 2007
December 2009 Project Coordination WIP
Renewable Energies
Co-financed by the EC 6th Framework Programme
Specific Measures in Support of International
Cooperation
3
Objectives of COMPETE
  • Create a competence platform (Network) for energy
    crops
  • Exchange knowledge Africa EU
  • Improve life quality for rural population in
    Africa
  • Preserve arid/semi-arid ecosystems in Africa

4
Mali
Senegal
Burkina Faso
Kenya
Tanzania
Zambia
Botswana
South Africa
Source Aridity Zones. (2002). In
UNEP/GRID-Arendal Maps and Graphics Library.
Retrieved 1539, July 13, 2006 from
http//maps.grida.no/go/graphic/aridity_zones.
5
Project Partners
4 Latin American Partners
African Countries Botswana, Burkina Faso, Kenya,
Mali, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania,
Zambia 44 Partners from 4 Continents
FAO
5 Asian Partners
14 African Partners
20 European Partners
6
COMPETE Work-Package-Leaders
  • University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
  • Utrecht University, The Netherlands
  • Imperial College London, UK
  • Winrock International, India
  • Stockholm Environment Institute, Sweden
  • European Biomass Industry Association
  • Energy for Sustainable Development, UK
  • FANRPAN, South Africa
  • WIP Renewable Energies, Germany (Coordination)

7
Project Overview
WP 0 Project Management
WP 1 Current Land Use Impacts
WP 2 Energy Crops Agroforestry Improved
Land Use
WP 4 South-South North-South Cooperation
WP 6 Policy Development
WP 5 Financing of Alternative Land Use Int.
Trade
WP 3 Sustainability Analysis of Alternative Land
Use
WP 7 Dissemination Concept and Set-up of a
Competence Platform Database Meetings Workshops
Exchanges
8
WP3 - Sustainability
  • WP3 Coordination Dr Rocio Diaz (Imperial
    College London)
  • Objective Assess ecological, social and
    economic sustainability of alternative land use
    for energy crops and agroforestry schemes

9
Sustainability Standards in Africa
  • Bioenergy is now introduced at very large scales
    in many African countries
  • Biofuel Exports and local use of biofuels have
    the potential to mitigate poverty and to increase
    income in Africa!
  • Biofuel production can have negative social and
    environmental impacts!
  • In order to avoid this sustainability standards
    should be introduced
  • ? Challenge How should these standards look like?

10
Are Sustainability Standards beneficial for
Africa?
AFRICAN Perspective/Concerns
EUROPEAN Sustainability Standards
Standards can be barriers for export(farmers,
processors, government)
The objective is to use/support only sustainable
produced biofuels
Source of potential conflict Green Imperialism
11
Are Sustainability Standards beneficial for
Africa?
Small-scale Farming/Production
Large-scale Farming/Production
  • Biofuels mainly for domestic market
  • Small farmers have problems to cope with
    standards, bureaucracy, audits, certification
  • Biofuels for domestic market / export
  • Large producers have the capacity to cope with
    standards, bureaucracy, audits, certification

Need to support smallholders (funding,
organisational) if certificates should be
applied for biofuel export!
12
Needs 1 Sustainability Standards
  • Multi-disciplinary understanding to develop
    policies which reward best practice
  • Human capacity building to unlock synergistic
    exploitation rather than competition for
    resources
  • Need to support smallholders (funding,
    organisational) if certificates should be applied
    for biofuel export!
  • Economic dimension Revenues should be gained in
    African countries

13
Needs 2 Sustainability Standards
  • Development of clear and uncomplicated
    sustainability scheme
  • Both, environmental and social aspects should be
    included
  • Standards should include crop cultivation AND
    processing
  • Feedback from different African stakeholders has
    to be included in a European/Global
    sustainability scheme (African perspective)

14
Invitation to participate in COMPETE Activities
  • Join the platform as Associated Partner
  • Attend project workshops
  • Attend COMPETE conferences on policies and
    investment

15
Invitation to COMPETE Workshopon Sustainability
  • Arusha, Tanzania
  • 16-19 June 2008
  • Expected Result Policy Declaration on
    Sustainable Biofuels in Africa
  • More information www.compete-bioafrica.net

16
Conclusion
Environmental AND Social standards are needed for
biofuels Small-scale farming should not be
discriminated COMPETE will give input on
sustainability scheme from Africas
perspective The most promising tool for
sustainable biofuel production in Africa is to
strengthen national policies
17
Announcement New Project
  • BioTop Biofuels RTD Cooperation between EU and
    LA
  • 7th Framework Programme
  • Officially launched March 2008
  • More information soon under www.top-biofuel.org
  • Contact dominik.rutz_at_wip-munich.de

18
Thank You!
www.compete-bioafrica.net
  • Dipl.-Ing. Dominik Rutz M.Sc.
    Dominik.Rutz_at_wip-munich.de
  • Dr. Rainer Janssen Rainer.Janssen_at_wip-munich.de

and Partners
Expert Meeting on Sustainable Biomass, Vilm, 13
March 2008 COMPETE
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