Parallel trends in policy and policy research on higher education in Africa Yann Lebeau, 2011 y.lebeau@uea.ac.uk - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Parallel trends in policy and policy research on higher education in Africa Yann Lebeau, 2011 y.lebeau@uea.ac.uk

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Title: Parallel trends in policy and policy research on higher education in Africa Yann Lebeau, 2011 y.lebeau@uea.ac.uk


1
Parallel trends in policy and policy research
on higher education in Africa Yann Lebeau,
2011y.lebeau_at_uea.ac.uk
2
Data origin
  • Published research literature
  • African publications AJOL, JHEA
  • Citation indexes Scopus, SSCI
  • Bibliographies W. Saint
  • Unpublished research
  • ADEA, CODESRIA, AAU, World Bank
  • Policy sources
  • World Bank and UNESCO reports

3
International and national HE policies in Africa
  • A colonial implant
  • Post-independence agendas elite formation, state
    consolidation and the developmental university
  • The adjustment era HE as a luxury ancillary
  • A Washington consensus external models and
    continent-wide remedies ( in SSA the World Bank
    as single most important actor defining the
    parameters of policy-making in the field of
    education (Mamdani 2007, p. 10)
  • The return of the instrumentalist rhetoric HE
    and poverty reduction in the knowledge economy

4
Parallel trends research as consulting
  • Research capacity in African Universities
    declining funding and increasing contrasts
  • About 27,000 papers per year over the past 10
    years same volume of published output as The
    Netherlands (Thomson Reuter 2010).
  • Over the period, South Africa produced nearly as
    many papers as other African nations put together
  • 85 of research papers involving authors based in
    Central Africa involve a co-author from outside
    continent (Boshoff, 2010)
  • The rise of the aid related consultancy industry
    responsive studies and gatekeepers empowerment
  • The World Bank as knowledge bank strategic
    research interests and paradigmatic alignment
  • A renewed interest Case study methodologies
    and success stories from the big five reformers
    (Ghana, Uganda, Tanzania, Mozambique, South
    Africa)
  • Building local research capacity vs. idea
    recycling and best practice CODESRIA and AAU
    initiatives

5
30 Years of HE research Phases and trends
(Scopus analysis)
  • Up to 1980s
  • Limited research interest in HE as such (small
    number of HEIs).
  • Research on elite formation, social change.
  • Published in European or American journals of
    African Studies and Development Studies.
    Predominantly English but some French references
    too.
  • Mid-1980s transition
  • Research on impact of SAP on public universities
  • Student unrest.
  • Issues of access (impact of UPE schemes)
  • Professionalization of HE research
  • 1990s and 2000s mainstreaming and alignment
  • Established presence in mainstream HE and
    education journals.
  • Enhanced visibility of authors based at African
    institutions.
  • Diversification of research foci
  • Comparative perspective
  • Epistemic paradigmatic alignment

6
30 Years of HE research Analysis of Indexed
literature -1984 to date (Scopus and SSCI, 344
titles)
  • Top 5 Sources
  • International Journal of Educational Development
    (25)
  • Higher Education Policy (18)
  • Perspectives in Education (15)
  • Higher Education (9)
  • International Review of Education (7)
  • Languages
  • English (333) French (8) German (2) Spanish
    (1)
  • Top 5 institutional affiliations
  • University of Cape Town (27)
  • University of Witwatersrand (19)
  • University of Stellenbosch (18)
  • University of Pretoria (17)
  • University of the Western Cape (13)
  • Key themes (1990 2010)
  • 1990 -1995 HE and politics, HIV /AIDS, brain
    drain, funding crisis., academic freedom.

7
HE research published in Africa AJOL search
  • Dedicated journals are all based in South Africa
    until mid-2000s
  • 85 of (HE focused) peer reviewed articles
    published in Africa over the last decade appeared
    in the South African Journal of Higher Education
  • Other sources featuring more than once in AJOL
    database include Makerere Journal of Higher
    Education, African Sociological Review, African
    Journal of Library, Archives and Information
    Science, the International Journal of
    Engineering, Science and Technology, Southern
    African Linguistics and Applied Language Studies,
    Lwati A Journal of Contemporary Research, Africa
    Insight , East African Medical Journal, Nigerian
    Journal of Guidance and Counselling, Africa
    Development .
  • Themes similar to research published outside
    the continent over the period (transformation of
    HE, privatization, ICT and distance learning,
    quality assurance, access, employability)
    themes specific to South Africa
  • Countries under focus the Big 5 Nigeria,
    Cameroon and Senegal.

8
Views from the South A short history and
bibliographic analysis of JHEA
  • Journal of Higher Education in Africa (JHEA)
    created in 2003 with funding from American
    Foundations Partnership for Higher Education in
    Africa.
  • Edited and published in the USA (CIHE-Boston 2003
    to 2006) and in Africa (CODESRIA Dakar) since
    2006.
  • Evolution
  • From international perspectives on Africa to
    Africa in international trends
  • From US and Europe-based expert authors to
    home-based contributions
  • Readership and subscriptions Increasingly
    African (open access)
  • Periodicity from 3 (regular) to 2 (irregular)
    issues a year
  • Funding From US Foundations to CODESRIA

9
References
  • Adams, J., King, C, Hook, D (2010) Global
    Research Report - AFRICA. Thomson Reuters.
    http//thomsonreuters.com/content/corporate/docs/g
    lobalresearchreport-africa.pdf
  • Boshoff, N. (2009) Neo-colonialism and research
    collaboration in Central Africa. Scientometrics,
    Vol. 81, No. 2, 413434
  • Cloete, N., Bailey, T. Maassen, P. (2011)
    Universities And Economic Development In Africa.
    Pact, Academic Core And Coordination. Wynberg,
    South Africa Centre for Higher Education
    Transformation (CHET)
  • Collins, C. S. Rhoads, R.A. (2010) The World
    Bank, support for universities, and asymmetrical
    power relations
  • in international development. Higher Education
    59(2) 181-205.
  • Lebeau, Y. Sall, E. (2011) Global Institutions,
    Higher Education and Developmentin King, R.,
    Marginson, S. and Naidoo, R. Handbook On
    Globalization And Higher Education. Cheltenham
    Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Mkandawire, T. (2010) 'Running While Others
    Walk' the challenge of African development . LSE
    Inaugural Lecture. http//www2.lse.ac.uk/publicEve
    nts/events/2010/20100427t1830vSZT.aspx
  • Robertson, S. (2009), Market multilateralism,
    the World Bank group, and the asymmetries of
    globalizing Higher Education toward a critical
    political economy analysis, in Bassett, R. and
    Maldonado-Maldonado, A. (eds), International
    Organizations and Higher Education Policy
    thinking globally, acting locally? New York
    Routledge, 113-31
  • Saint ,W. (2006) A Bibliography on Higher
    Education in Sub-Saharan Africa. Version 7.
    http//siteresources.worldbank.org/INTAFRREGTOPTEI
    A/Resources/SSA_Higher_Ed_Biblio_7.pdf
  • Samoff, J. and Carrol, B. (2004) Conditions,
    Coalitions, and Influence The World Bank and
    Higher Education in Africa Prepared for
    presentation at the Annual Conference of the
    Comparative and International Education Society
    Salt Lake City, 812 March 2004. Accessed January
    2011 at http//www.eldis.org/vfile/upload/1/docume
    nt/0708/DOC17679.pdf
  • UNESCO (2009), World Conference on Higher
    Education the new dynamics of higher education
    and research for societal change and development,
    Final Communiqué, UNESCO, Paris, 8 July 2009,
    accessed June 2010 at http//www.unesco.org/filead
    min/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/ED/ED/pdf/WCHE_2009/FINAL20COMM
    UNIQUE20WCHE202009.pdf
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