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Bibliotherapy Education Project


Paula McMillen & Dale-Elizabeth Pehrsson Oregon State University Hawaii International Conference on Arts & Humanities Honolulu, HI: Jan 16, 2005 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Bibliotherapy Education Project

Bibliotherapy Education Project
  • Paula McMillen Dale-Elizabeth Pehrsson
  • Oregon State University
  • Hawaii International Conference on Arts
  • Honolulu, HI Jan 16, 2005

Bibliotherapy Education Project
  • The birth of this four year project began with a
    cup of coffee and a simple conversation. We
    pondered on the use of books by various helping
    professionals . Spontaneously, we posed two
    questions to each other,
  • How do therapists, teachers, etc. know what
    books to recommend? and
  • How do they choose and evaluate materials?
  • the project was born.

Bibliotherapy a rose by any other name
  • (AKA) Known by many names
  • Bilbio-counseling
  • Biblio-guidance
  • Biblio-psychology
  • Book matching
  • Literatherapy
  • Library Therapeutics
  • Literapeutics
  • Reading Therapy
  • And many more

Defining Bibliotherapy
  • Use of reading materials for help in solving
    personal problems or for psychiatric therapy
  • Websters Collegiate 10th Ed., 1997
  • Literally involves treatment through books
  • Pardeck Pardeck, 1998
  • Guided reading of written materials to help the
    reader grow in self awareness
  • Harris Hodges, 1995
  • Process of dynamic interaction between the
    personality of the reader and literature under
    the guidance of a trained helper
  • Shrodes, 1950

Benefitsof Bibliotherapy
  • Increases Empathetic Understanding of Others
    (cultures, lifestyles and lived experiences)
  • Enhances Insight and Integration
  • Promotes Coping Skills
  • Provides Information and Alternatives
  • Stimulates Discussion of Feelings and Ideas
  • Increases Enjoyment of Literature and Reading

-Problem Statement-
  • Books are widely used in clinical settings
  • Limited training, tools or strategies for
    emerging or practicing clinicians
  • Limited funds/materials for graduate students
  • Criteria for selecting materials for a working
  • Criteria for selecting materials for clients

The Learning Objectives
  • To increase understanding of the uses of
    literature in therapy
  • To provide a tool to help practitioners
    consistently evaluate materials
  • To offer supervision in evaluating materials
    use in therapeutic settings
  • To build a library collection to support
    curriculum and research
  • To increase the availability of evaluated books
    to subsequent students
  • To increase the number of book evaluations
    available by making the evaluation tool more
    widely available
  • To organize resources for learning about
    Bibliotherapy finding books

Process Web Relocation
  • Reformatting the Evaluation Tool
  • Paper pencil ? Web based
  • Narrative ? categories, ratings, short answers
  • Library school intern
  • Tooling Up to Technology
  • Web design
  • Database design
  • 3. Usability testing
  • Graduate counseling students
  • 4. Communication
  • Regular team meetings
  • Project E-mail list
  • Other stakeholders
  • 5. Sponsorship of the Web site
  • Page appearance
  • Ongoing funding mechanisms
  • Administrative Support

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Project Methods
  • Literature review
  • Articulate clinical criteria
  • Expert face validity
  • Learning module
  • Student involvement
  • Survey research
  • Cross-disciplinary consultation
  • Regular communication, feedback, input
  • Mutual respect for unique contributions

Research Discoveries
  • Literature Review
  • Widespread use
  • Years of research
  • Specific topics and populations
  • Few practice and evaluation guidelines
  • Electronic development
  • Complex
  • Plan infrastructure to accommodate future
  • Graduate Counseling students tested pre- and
    post-learning module (self-report survey)
  • Significant increase in knowledge of
    Bibliotherapy benefits and uses
  • Significant increase in comfort level with using
    literature in therapy reported
  • Clinical Supervision
  • Practice and teaching lead to competence

Future Directions
  • Continued usability testing of overall Web site
  • Further development of database search options
  • Increase flexibility of site and database
    structure for ease of maintenance
  • Establish ongoing funding mechanisms
  • Promote use to librarians and helping
    professionals to build database of evaluated
  • Contain creativity and focus

Future Projects
  • Create Librarian Guide
  • Analyze Database
  • Fund Student Assistantships
  • Refine Evaluation Tool
  • Create Therapist Guide
  • Enhance Website Content
  • Upgrade Website Functions
  • Publish and Disseminate
  • Refine Teaching

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Lessons Learned
  • You cant over-communicate
  • Regular meetings of the collaborators are
    essential for progress
  • Find money! Aggressively solicit grants, donors,
  • Collaboration is messy complex but worth it!

For more information http//bibliotherapy.libra
  • Dr. Paula McMillen
  • Phone 541.737.7272
  • Valley Library
  • Oregon State University
  • Corvallis, Oregon 97331
  • Dr. Dale-Elizabeth Pehrsson
  • Phone 541.737-8551
  • New School of Education
  • 311 Education Hall
  • Oregon State University
  • Corvallis, Oregon 97331

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