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The Tell-Tale Heart by Edgar Allan Poe

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The Tell-Tale Heart by Edgar Allan Poe Facts About Edgar Allan Poe Edgar Allan Poe was born to David and Eliza Poe on January 19th of 1809. Eliza Poe was an actress. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Tell-Tale Heart by Edgar Allan Poe


1
The Tell-Tale Heart byEdgar Allan Poe
2
Facts About Edgar Allan Poe
  • Edgar Allan Poe was born to David and Eliza Poe
    on January 19th of 1809. Eliza Poe was an
    actress.
  • In 1810, Poe's father abandoned his family and
    shortly after, Poe's mother died of tuberculosis.
    Poe was orphaned to the home of John Allan,
    where he then adopted the name Allan.
  • Poe married his 13 year old first cousin,
    Virginia Clemm, on September 22nd of 1835.
    Virginia's early death led to some of his most
    famous works.
  • Poe died on October 7th of 1849 and his death
    still remains a mystery. Prior to his death, on
    October 3rd, he was found on the streets in great
    distress.

3
Summary of The-Tale Heart
  • The Tell-Tale Heart is a story of the perfect
    murder or so the unnamed narrator thought when he
    committed it. The narrator of the story is
    confessing to his murder of an old man, whom he
    was caring for. Throughout the entire story, the
    narrator is terribly worried that people will
    think him mad and tries to dissuade the recipient
    of his tale of the assessment that he is mad.
    The narrator begins his tale by saying why he
    committed the murder. It had not been his
    original plan to commit the murder but he tells
    of how the old man's vulture eye, of which the
    narrator was terrified of, was the reason that he
    did it. He tells of how he was very cautious and
    watched the man for sevem nights and was careful
    not to make any sound. Upon the eighth night,
    though, is when he killed the old man. The
    police come after there had been a call from a
    neighbor regarding them hearing a shriek. The
    narrator is very hospitable and calm and
    convinces the police that there had been no foul
    play. He eventually becomes disturbed and starts
    to hear the beating of a heart. He believes it
    to be the old man's heart still beating and
    finally admits to the police, who he thought were
    mocking his distress with hypocritical smiles,
    and tears up the planks of where he hid the body
    of the old man.
  • To read the full story, go to this website
    http//xroads.virginia.edu/hyper/poe/telltale.htm
    l

4
Analysis of The Tell-Tale Heart
  • In an article, by Magdalen Wing-chi Ki, which
    pertains to The Tell-Tale Heart and other works
    by Edgar Allan Poe, Wing-chi Ki describes how Poe
    uses the Ego-Evil in his stories as well as the
    Superego-Evil. The Ego-Evil consists of the
    elevation of self-love and the Superego-Evil
    consists of fanatical devotion. These play a key
    role in this story because of the narrator
    displaying his own need before that of the
    innocent old man. His need to rid himself of the
    evil eye is what makes it so that he is able to
    commit the murder. Wing-chi Ki also describes
    how Poe's characters are aware of the difference
    between right and wrong but remain oblivious to
    their own sins, just as the narrator does in The
    Tell-Tale Heart. Wing-chi Ki also states that
    Poe's characters do not remain oblivious for long
    though, due to the inquisitive gaze of others,
    which leaves them in hysterics and eventually to
    the confession of their misdeeds. Wing-chi Ki
    also states that the characters' confessions
    often do not lead to their redemption or a
    showing of guilt.

5
Key Components Within The Tell-Tale Heart
  • The most important component within the story is
    the act of murder. This is most important
    component of the story because without the murder
    there would be no story.
  • The next most important component is the
    narrator's madness. Without the narrator's
    madness, there would never have been a murder
    committed. His madness is evident within the
    first paragraph of the story, although he is
    desperate to prove otherwise.
  • In addition to the narrator's madness, is his
    paranoia or anxiety, which plays a key role in
    his madness because it heightens his madness.

6
Facts About Sigmund Freud
  • Sigmund Freud was born on May 6th of 1856 in the
    town of Freiburg but moved to Vienna at age 4.
  • He was born to merchant Jacob Freud and Amalia,
    who was his father's third wife.
  • Freud was first in his class in every year.
  • Freud entered the University of Vienna in 1873
    with the idea of obtaining a degree in law but
    then changed to matriculating in medicine. He
    became so engrossed in the subject that he did
    not acquire his degree until 1881.
  • In 1886 Freud married a woman he had fallen in
    love with named Martha Bernays and within 9 years
    of marriage had 6 children with her. His
    youngest child, Anna, became his confidante.
  • Freud spent his life's work on the study of
    psycho-analysis.
  • Freud died September 23rd of 1939 after he
    requested a lethal dose of morphine from his
    physician.

7
Psycho-Analysis
  • Sigmund Freud's study of psycho-analysis
    consisted of human behavior and the study of the
    human psychosis. Freud's model of the human
    psyche consists of three parts, which are the id,
    the ego, and the super-ego. The id is the
    unconscious part of the mind. The ego is the
    realistic part of the psyche. The super-ego is
    the conscious part of the mind. Freud's
    conclusions of psycho-analysis were mainly to do
    with the id or the unconscious. Freud believed
    that all feelings and behavior were a reaction to
    what humans experienced through dreams and other
    parts of the unconscious.

8
Freud's Views on Anxiety
  • Freud used in his lectures, regarding anxiety,
    the word gemeine, which means common in
    German. This is a feasible word because everyone
    experiences some form of anxiety at one point in
    his or her life. Anxiety is more pronounced in
    people who undergo forms of neurosis, or
    distress. Anxiety is often associated with fear
    because it is a reaction to whatever is
    frightening someone.

9
Comparing Freud's Views To The Tell-Tale Heart
  • Freud's views can be well associated with Poe's
    story, The Tell-Tale Heart, due to the abnormal
    psychosis of the narrator. The narrator's
    psychosis is abnormal due to his madness. The
    narrator suffers from intense anxiety as well.
    His fear of the old man's eye is what caused his
    anxiety and what led to him taking the life of
    the old man. This anxiety became even more
    pronounced when the narrator was being questioned
    by the police. His increasing anxiety led to his
    confession when he believed he heard the beating
    of the old man's heart.

10
Works Cited
  • Freud, Sigmund. Introductory Lectures on
    Psycho-Analysis. Trans. James Strachey. New
    York W. W. Norton Company, 1966. Print.
  • Gay, Peter. Introduction. By James Strachey.
    1966. New York W. W. Norton Company, 1989.
    ix-xxii. Print.
  • Hutchisson, James M. Poe. Mississippi
    University Press of Mississippi, 2005. Print.
  • Poe, Edgar Allan. The Tell-Tale Heart. 1843.
  • Wing-chi Ki, Magdalen. Ego-Evil and The
    Tell-Tale Heart. Renascence. Fall 2008 25-38.
    Ebscohost. Web. 18 December 2011.
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