Edgar Allan Poe - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Edgar Allan Poe

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Edgar Allan Poe 1809-1849 His Family and Tragic Life Born in Boston The son of traveling actors Tragic and unhappy life Tragic and Unhappy Life Mother died (of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Edgar Allan Poe


1
Edgar Allan Poe
  • 1809-1849

2
His Family and Tragic Life
  • Born in Boston
  • The son of traveling actors
  • Tragic and unhappy life

3
Tragic and Unhappy Life
  • Mother died (of tuberculosis), father deserted
    him at the age of two
  • Custody was given to Mr. and Mrs. John Allan-
    John refused to legally adopt Poe
  • constant disagreements with his step-father

4
. . .continued
  • Studied briefly at the University of Virginia
  • Drinking and gambling difficulties kept him from
    continuing at UVA

5
. . .continued
  • Received an appointment to West Point, but he
    provoked his own dismissal
  • Caused a final separation between Poe and his
    step-father

6
. . .continued
  • In 1836 married his 14 year old cousin, Virginia
    (he was 27 years old)
  • Last 12 years of life worked as a journalist,
    editor, and creative writer

7
. . . continued
  • Lived in poverty stricken conditions
  • In 1846 wife died after a long illness
    (tuberculosis)

8
. . . continued
  • Died in Baltimore after he was found in a drunken
    stupor
  • Died a poor man

9
Poes Work
  • Known for
  • Tales of mystery and terror stories
  • Introducing the modern detective story

10
Just a Few Titles
  • Short Stories
  • The Tell-Tale Heart
  • The Cask of Amontillado
  • The Black Cat
  • The Pit and The Pendulum
  • Poems
  • The Raven
  • Annabel Lee
  • To Helen
  • Lenore

11
Addiction
  • Sometimes strange special effects have been
    linked to his addiction to opium
  • Addiction not uncommon in the 1800s, because of
    frequent use of laudanum, an opium based
    medicine, to treat headaches and stomach pains

12
Allusion
  • Reference to a famous historical or literary
    figure or event
  • Best sources are literature, history, Greek myth,
    and the Bible
  • Serves to explain or clarify or enhance whatever
    subject

13
Gothic Elements
  • supernatural horrors and an atmosphere of unknown
    terror pervades the action
  • High emotion, sentimentalism, but also pronounced
    anger, surprise, and especially terror
  • use of words indicating fear, mystery, etc.
    apparition, devil, ghost, haunted, terror,
    fright, fainting

14
Symbol
  • Something that is itself and yet also represents
    something else
  • Universal symbols embody universally recognizable
    meanings
  • Invested symbols are given symbolic meaning by
    the way an author uses them in a literary work

15
  • You will identify how Poe uses allusion, gothic
    elements, and symbols in The Pit and the
    Pendulum.
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