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Edgar Allan Poe

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... Arabesque MS. Found in a Bottle The Murders in the Rue Morgue The Fall of the House of Usher The Masque of the Red Death ... death theories ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Edgar Allan Poe


1
Edgar Allan Poe
  • 1809-1849

2
the author
  • American poet, short-story writer, editor
    literary critic, Poe is considered part of the
    American Romantic Movement.
  • Best known for his tales of mystery terror,
    Poe was one of the earliest American
    practitioners of the short story is considered
    the inventor of the detective-fiction genre. He
    was the first well-known American writer to try
    to earn a living through writing alone, resulting
    in a financially difficult life career.

3
an orphan dropout
  • His childhood was a miserable one. He lost both
    of his parents when he was very young then was
    adopted by a wealthy merchant, John Allan. Poes
    time with the Allans was unhappy.
  • He entered the University of Virginia later
    West Point, but did not finish either.

4
tragic loss
  • He worked as an editor writer most of his life,
    living in poverty.
  • At 27 he married his 13 year-old cousin,
    Virginia, whose death in 1847 left him
    inconsolable. He died two years later.
  • Theories state he may have suffered from
    addictions to alcohol opium.

Virginia Clemm Poe died at age 24 of tuberculosis.
5
death theories
  • 1857 Murder (Beating)
  • 1860s Cooping
  • 1874 Epilepsy
  • 1921 Dipsomania
  • 1926 Heart
  • 1970 Toxic Disorder
  • 1970 Hypoglycemia
  • 1977 Diabetes
  • 1984 Alcohol Deficiency
  • 1989 Porphyria
  • 1992 Delirium Tremens
  • 1996 Rabies
  • 1998 Murder (Beating)
  • 1999 Epilepsy
  • 1999 Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Records show Poe died in Washington College
Hospital his cause of death remains a mystery.
6
Poe has been called
  • inventor of the detective story
  • master of the psychological horror story
  • Americas 1st great literary critic

7
list of works
  • Among all his writing, his poems short stories
    are more famous.
  • Tales of the Grotesque and the Arabesque
  • MS. Found in a Bottle
  • The Murders in the Rue Morgue
  • The Fall of the House of Usher
  • The Masque of the Red Death
  • The Cask of Amontillado
  • The Tell-Tale Heart
  • The Raven
  • Annabel Lee
  • The Poetic Principle
  • The Philosophy of Composition

The Simpsons version of The Raven
8
features of his work
  • Detective science stories
  • Gothic elements
  • High emotion anger, surprise, and esp. terror!
  • Supernatural horrors fear of unknown
  • Deep analysis of human psychology
  • He noticed subconscious of human mind nearly one
    hundred years before Freud.
  • He was also the first American author to use
    neurotic characters as main characters in his
    stories.

9
evaluation
  • Poe is a controversial misunderstood literary
    figure in the history of American literature.
  • Emerson dismissed him in three words the jingle
    man
  • Twain declared his prose to be unreadable
  • Whitman was the only famous literary figure
    present at the Poe Memorial Ceremony in 1875
  • Today, Poes particular power has ensured his
    position among the greatest writers of the world.

10
references
  • Ciaffaroni. Edgar Allan Poe. AuthorStream,
  • 2002-2011. Web. 15 Oct. 2011.
  • The Museum of Edgar Allan Poe. Poe Museum,
  • 2010. Web. 15 Oct. 2011.
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