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Ladder Safety Training Date:


Ladder Safety Training Date: Suzanne Reister Workers Comp Program Manager Paula Vanderpool Workers Comp Program Assistant Ladder Safety WAC 296-876 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ladder Safety Training Date:

Ladder Safety TrainingDate
Suzanne Reister Workers Comp Program Manager
Paula Vanderpool Workers Comp Program
Ladder Safety
  • WAC 296-876 Portable Ladders
  • Training
  • Ladder Care
  • Composition/Materials

Ladder Safety
  • Ladders manufactured before January 1, 2006 must
    meet the design and construction requirements of
    ANSI (American National Standards Institute).
  • Your ladder should have a label indicating it
    meets these requirements.

Portable Ladder Safety - Introduction
  • Ladders are important and essential tools that
    are used widely in a variety of industries. 
  • They help us move up and down and work at
    different heights.
  • Portable ladders, in particular, are useful tools
    because they can be readily moved or carried.
  • They are simply built and come in many sizes,
    shapes, and styles.

Ladder Safety Condition/Inspection
  • Condition and inspection
  • Keep portable ladders in good, usable condition.
  • Joints between steps or rungs and side rails are
  • Rungs, cleats, or steps are not bent, broken or
  • All bolts and rivets are in place and secure
  • Hardware, fittings and accessories are securely
    attached and working properly
  • Ropes are not frayed or badly worn

Ladder Safety Condition/Inspection
  • Moveable parts operate freely without grinding or
    excessive play
  • Safety feet and other auxiliary equipment are not
    excessively worn
  • Metal components are not corroded
  • There are no other faulty or defective components

Ladder Safety
  • Ladders need to be inspected as follows

First placed into service and periodically while in service Inspect the ladder for visible defects, including, but not limited to -Working parts and -Rung or step connections to the side rails
Damaged by impact or tips over Visually inspect the ladder for dents, bends, cracks or splits Check Rung or step connection to the side rails Hardware connections Rivets for shear damage All other components
Ladder Safety
  • Ladders need to be inspected as follows

Exposed to excessive Heat such as a fire Visually inspect the ladder for damage Test for deflection and strength characteristics Using the in-service use tests contained in the appropriate ANSI Exemption Job-made ladders
  • Ladder Storage
  • DO
  • Store ladders in dry, well ventilated areas with
    moderate temperatures.
  • Store ladders either vertically or horizontally
    with supports at each end and in the middle.
  • Identify unsafe ladders with tags.
  • Remove defective or unsafe ladders from service
  • DON'T
  • Don't store anything on a ladder.
  • Don't paint wooden ladders with paint, only with
    clear preservatives, as paint can hide wear on
    the ladder.

Portable Ladders Use/Abuse
  • Although they are easy to use, they are often
    misused or abused, causing serious injuries and
    deaths. These deaths and injuries could have been
    significantly reduced or eliminated with proper
    care and use.

At least one of these per year, is a fatality.
Varieties of Ladders
  • To prevent injuries while using portable ladders,
    you need to know what kinds of ladders there are
    and how to use them properly.  
  • There are various types, shapes, and sizes of
    ladders to help you accomplish your tasks.  

Varieties of Ladders
Two Way Step Ladder
Extension Ladder 2 person job
Platform Ladder
Orchard Ladder
Combination Ladder
Self-Supporting Ladders
  • Portable self-supporting ladders can stand up on
    their own.  
  • Standard stepladders have a front section with
    steps for climbing and a back section with two
    rear legs, which give them their stability.  
  • They must be set up on firm, level surfaces  such
    as floors, platforms, and slabs.

Self-Supporting Ladders
  • The standard stepladder is non-adjustable and has
    flat steps and a hinged back.  
  • It must have a metal spreader or locking device
    strong enough to securely hold the front and back
    sections in the open position.  
  • The back section is cross-braced and you must not
    use it for climbing.

Self - Supporting
  • The ladder may also have a bucket shelf which
    must be able to support a load of 25 pounds.
  • Standard stepladders are usually intended for use
    by only one worker at a time, unless otherwise
    specified on the manufacturers' or other labels.

Non Self-Supporting
  • Non-self-supporting ladders must be leaned
    against a stable structure strong enough to
    support the weight of the ladder, user, tools,
    and materials being used by the worker on the
  • They are intended for use by only one worker at a
  • Commonly used non-self-supporting ladders include
    single ladders and extension ladders.

Non Self Supporting
  • Single ladders are nonadjustable and must never
    be tied or fastened together to form a longer
  • Sectional ladders, which consist of two or more
    sections, are designed to be combined together to
    function as a single ladder

Portable Ladders - Falls
  • You don't have to fall far to get hurt.  Workers
    injured in falls from ladders are usually less
    than 10 feet above the ladder's base of support. 

Reasons for Falls
  • Why do people fall from ladders if they are so
    easy to use?Setting up on an unstable or
    slippery base surface is a primary reason ladders
    fall over. Falls involve portable ladders that
    move, tilt, or shift while a worker is climbing,
    descending, or performing a task. 
  • Standing on the top two rungs, which explicitly
    has a warning label DANGER, do not do!

More Reasons for Falls
  •   improperly getting onto or off of the ladder
  •   loss of balance
  •   setting up the ladder improperly
  •   overreaching by the user
  •   misstepping or a slipping of the foot while
    climbing or descending

More Reasons for Falls
  • Being bumped by a Cart or other object
  • Having a vehicle run into or bump you.
  • People not paying attention to where they're

Ladder Safety - Prevention
  • Make sure the ladder is not placed on ice, snow,
    or other slippery surface unless the ladder is
    prevented from accidental displacement by
  • Securing it
  • Providing the ladder with slip-resistant feet

  • Make sure ladders are not placed on boxes,
    barrels, or other unstable bases to obtain
    additional height

Ladder Safety - Prevention
  • Protect ladders that are setup in a location
    where they could be displaced by workplace
    activities or traffic by either
  • Securing the ladder to prevent accidental
  • Or
  • Using a barricade to keep the activities or
    traffic away from the ladder

Ladder Safety - Prevention
  • Protect ladders that are set-up in front of doors
    that open towards the ladder by doing at least
    one of the following
  • Block the door open
  • Lock the door
  • Guard the door to keep it from opening into the

Ladder Safety - Prevention
  • Make sure ladders are not placed on boxes,
    barrels, or other unstable bases to obtain
    additional height
  • Place a straight ladder so the side rails are
    equally supported by the top support, unless the
    ladder is equipped with a single support
  • Make sure the top support of the ladder is
    reasonably rigid and able to support the load

Ladder Safety - Prevention
  • Climbing and descending
  • Have both hands free to hold on to the ladder, or
    at least one hand.
  • Face the ladder when climbing or descending
  • Keep ladders free from oil, grease, or other
    slippery materials
  • Keep the area around the top and bottom of
    ladders clear.
  • Remove all items from ladder before moving it
  • Make sure single-rail ladders are not used

Ladder Safety Composition/Materials
  •   Fiberglass
  •  Aluminum/Metal
  •  Wood
  • Besides having different ratings or load
    capacities, ladders may be constructed of various
    kinds of materials.  Each material has specific
    care, maintenance, and storage requirements and
    may be preferred for specific uses, or under
    certain conditions.

Types of Composition
  • WOOD
  • Stability better because it is heavier
  • Durability less wears out faster
  • Strength to Weight Ratio good
  • Weather Resistance not as good
  • Conductivity non-conductive when clean and

Types of Composition

Stability less because it is lighter Durability
better material lasts longer Strength to
Weight Ratio high Weather Resistance better
(not same conditions as wood) Conductivity non-
conductive when clean and dry (PREFERRED)
Types of Composition

Stability less lightest of all Durability b
etter Strength to Weight Ratio high Weather
Resistance better Conductivity conductive
do NOT use near exposed electrical
sources/in a storm
Composition - Aluminum
  •   Electrocution Hazard
  •   This Ladder Conducts Electricity
  •   Do Not Use Around Electrical Equipment
  •   or other equivalent wording
  • Do not use a metal ladder when working around
    energy sources.  Metal ladders must be labeled
    with a DANGER warning sticker indicating

What NOT to do
Wood, metal, and fiberglass ladders may also have
some specific construction requirements.
For example
  •  Metal or Fiberglass
  • must have slip or skid-resistant feet AND
  • steps or rungs that are corrugated, knurled,
    dimpled, coated with skid-resistant material, or
    treated to minimize possible slipping

Duty Rating Ladder Type Use Maximum intended load (pounds)
Extra Heavy Duty IA Industry, utilities, contractors 300
Heavy-Duty I Industry, utilities, contractors 250
Medium-Duty II Painters, offices, light maintenance 225
Light-Duty III General household use 200
Ratings and Labels
  • Although there are many different kinds of
    portable ladders, they all receive a rating based
    on their maximum intended or working load - the
    total weight that they can safely support.  This
    includes the weight of the worker, tools, and
  • Type I-AA - 375 lbs.
  • Special duty industrial use, such as CATV,
    utilities, contractors, and higher capacity needs
  • Type I-A -300 lbs.
  • Extra-heavy-duty industrial use, such as
    utilities and contractors
  • Type I - 250 lbs.
  • Heavy-duty industrial use, such as utilities and
  • Type II - 225 lbs.
  • Medium-duty work, such as painting, offices for
    building maintenance, and light industrial use
  • Type III - 200 lbs.
  • Light duty work, such as household use

Ratings and Labels
  • These ratings must meet certain American National
    Standards Institute (ANSI) standards and they
    must be indicated on the duty rating sticker or
    manufacturer's label. 
  • ANSI requires that every ladder be labeled with
    this information so users can determine if they
    have the correct type ladder for the task/job.

Information Contained on Labels
  • Besides their ratings, labels and markings found
    on manufactured ladders contain product
    information, such as
  • Manufacturer's Name
  • Ladder's Model Number/Name
  • Month and Year of Manufacture
  • Ladder's Size/Length, Maximum Working Length,
  • Highest Standing Level

Help Yourself Others
  • Before you use a ladder, check its rating to see
    if you have the right ladder for the job.  Be
    sure not to subject the ladder to a work load
    greater than its rated capacity.  And, always
    read manufacturers' labels and follow their
    recommendations.Do yourself a favor and avoid a
    fall and injury to yourself. If you see someone
    doing it wrong, say something!

(No Transcript)
Warning labels
  • Manufactured ladders have warning markings and
    labels, such as "CAUTION" and "DANGER," which are
    usually in red or yellow.
  • They often also have  "SAFETY" labels which give
    information on how to use the ladders safely.

What NOT to do
Ladder Safety Quiz
  • You have to fall more than 15 feet from a ladder
    before you get hurt.

Portable Ladder Safety    True       False
Workers injured in falls from ladders are usually
less than 10 feet above the ladder's base of
Portable Ladder Safety
Injuries involving falls from ladders might be
A) Reaching too far out away from the
ladder. B) Misstep or slip of the foot while
climbing. C) Setting up the ladder on an
unstable or slippery surface. D) All of the
D all of the above
A ladder is rated according to
  • A) its size
  • B) how it is to be used
  • C) the total weight that it can safely support
  • D) the kind of material it is made of

(C) the total weight that it can safely support
You don't need to read any of the labels on a
ladder for information other than to find out
the ladder's Type. True False
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