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Sustainable Destination Management at the Seven Sister States: Recommendations for the Future


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Title: Sustainable Destination Management at the Seven Sister States: Recommendations for the Future

Sustainable Destination Management at the Seven
Sister States Recommendations for the Future
  • Emily McIntyre, Leah Jorgensen, Karina
    Scherloski, Merel van-Haastert, Paul Liao

Outline Plan
  • Introduction
  • Background
  • Environment
  • Social/Culture
  • Economy of S
  • even Sister States
  • Group-led Activity
  • Discussion Questions
  • Recommendations for the Future
  • Conclusion

Countries with Himalayan Mountains

Map of India
Map of the Seven Sisters
  • By 2010, Mountain tourism will account for 20 per
    cent of total tourism expenditures (WTTC, 1999)
  • 1960s Current, many tourists trek the Himalayan
    mountain associated with a pilgrimage
  • Economic opportunities were underscored, but
    large scale change ..,..

Seven Sister States Include
  • Most states have
  • Their own tribes
  • Own type of art
  • Culture
  • Dance
  • Music
  • Lifestyles
  • Own fairs and festivals

DMOs Involved
  • Wonderland Treks
  • Government of India
  • Government of Seven Sister States

The Seven Sisters Main Resources
  • Tea-based products
  • Bamboo
  • Natural gas
  • Silk
  • Oil
  • Handicrafts
  • Abundant forests
  • Exotic flora and fauna
  • Great land for growing plantation crops, fruits,
    vegetables, flowers, and herbs
  • Natural beauty

Environmental Impacts on Mountainous Regions
  • Limited accessibility
  • Fragile environment
  • Currently encourage intense resource use
  • Overexploitation of resources with little concern
    for environmental consequences
  • (Jodha, 2000)

Environmental Impacts Contd
  • Environmental degradation
  • Depletion of forests
  • Soil erosion
  • Drying up of water sources
  • Destroyed arable agricultural land
  • (Karan, 1994)

Waste Management Issues
  • Self generated solid waste from visitors
  • Large number of visitors
  • Amount of solid waste is also increasing
  • Overloaded areas with growing stockpiles of
  • Could create water crisis (Kuniyal, 2005)
  • Pollution attributable to expedition, trekking
    and camping activities of trekkers
  • Garbage includes food, glass, clothes, tents,
    dead bodies (Regmi, n.d.)

Endangered Tigers
  • India claims that there are 5000 tigers
  • Experts say this figure is actually closer to
  • Tiger hunting was banned by the Indian government
    in 1981
  • Demand for tiger related goods (Thinkquest Team,
  • Aranachal Pradesh has a tiger project (expand)

Corbett National Park
Future Directions for Achieving Environmental
  • Address the needs of the local people in regards
    to conservation and development, including
  • Locals should actively be involved as
    stakeholders in the protection of the environment
  • Tourism should not increase pressure on local
    resources (I.e. use alternative energy sources)
  • Adequately dispose of human waste and other
    garbage (Wonderland India, 2007)

Environmental Recomendations
  • Start more movements against ecological
  • Open more local movements against deforestation
    (Karan, 1994)
  • Refuse, Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Respect
  • Segregate waste into two categories
    biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste
    (Kuniyal, 2005)

Social Issues
  • Mountain regions obtain a global concern, which
    turns into a disregard to local perceptions and
    practices (Singh and Jodha, 2000).
  • The local culture should have a high level of
    commitment on formalised planning activities such
    as regional planning and environmental impact
    assessment (Bramwell and Lane, 2000).
  • Micro and Macro Environment need to work together

Stakeholder Involvement
  • Government of India and State governments
  • Research Institutions
  • Regional Universities
  • Indigenous groups
  • Ministry of Water Resources
  • Ministry of Natural Resources
  • Peoples Republic of China
  • Natural Resource Organizations
  • Tourism Operators
  • Transportation Operators
  • Local Culture
  • Tourists

  • A voluntary pooling of resources (labor, money,
    information etc.) between two or more parties to
    accomplish collaborative goals (Chavez and
    Selin, 1995).
  • Current Partnerships North Eastern Council (NEC)


Cultural Issues
  • Loss or change of culture through
  • Commodification
  • Standardization
  • Loss of authenticity and staged authenticity
  • Adaptation to tourists demands
  • (UNEP, 2001)

Dimensions of Cultural Impacts(Singh, 2007)
Indigenous Control of Tourism
  • Spatial limitation
  • Hosts set limits on entry to homelands and sacred
  • Activity limitation
  • Hosts established preferred tourist activities
  • Temporal limitation
  • Hosts indicate appropriate times for tourist
    access and use
  • Cultural limitation
  • Hosts limits on access to cultural knowledge and

  • (Zeppler, Year)

Workshop Consensus Building Activity
-Transportation -Accommodation -Education -Tourist
Attractions -Fresh Water and basic
amenities -Animal Protection -Implementation of
Waste Management Initiatives
  • Although modern images of India often show
    poverty and lack of development, India was the
    richest country on earth until the time of
    British invasion in the early 17th Century.
    Christopher Columbus was attracted by India's

Discussion Questions
  • Do you have any further suggestions as to how
    stakeholders may share their resources?
  • How may North Eastern Council help to make a
    difference for tourism development?
  • Do you think working with neighbouring countries
    is beyond the scope of Northeast India?
  • Based on this presentation do you have any other
    future ideas for the Seven Sisters?

Innovative Initiatives and Recommendations for
the future
  • Collaboration and Partnerships
  • Workshops
  • Consensus
  • Collaboration under Joint marketing, promotions
    and research
  • Co-management
  • Adaptive management
  • Collaboration Under Sustainable Tourism

Best Practice
  • Benchmark
  • Audit
  • Environmental Management System
  • Continuous Monitoring and Improvement
  • (Issaverdis, 2001)

Collaboration and Partnerships
  • A process of joint decision making among
    autonomous, key stakeholders to resolve problems
    and or to manage issues related to the planning
    and development (Text. Ch 13).
  • Collaboration can be a critical way to achieve
    common goals.
  • Best practice Eagle Valley Partnership (Chavez
    and Selin, 1995).

  • Small group sessions (usually with a maximum of
    35 participants) held for a period of intense
    study or training. The emphasis is on exchanging
    ideas and demonstrating skills and techniques
    (Howell, Ellison, Ellison Wright, 2003).
  • Important for information sharing
  • A place where stakeholders can discuss important

  • Cooperative alliances between government, public
    and private sector
  • Compromise, Negotiate and Collaborate are
    essential when reaching a Consensus
  • Way to find a common ground
  • Community building
  • Resolve stakeholder representation issues
  • Interest-based

Collaboration under Joint Marketing, Promotions
and Research
  • Improve appeal of the destination
  • Improve networks and linkages
  • Attract funding
  • Tourism Destination Branding
  • Competitive Advantage
  • Marketing Initiatives
  • Sustainable Development

  • Co-management is when the rights and
    responsibilities pertaining to a particular
    resource are shared between government and local
    users (Yandle, 2003, p. 180).
  • Opportunities for
  • Negotiation and external support
  • Common shared vision
  • Leadership
  • The notion of relationships among people
    (Plummer and Fitzgibbon, 2004).
  • Cross-border Partnerships

Adaptive Management
  • Continuous modifications and adjustments based on
    learning experiences
  • Learning by doing, shared learning
  • Response to rapid change
  • Flexibility
  • Monitoring, evaluation and corrective action
  • Innovate ways to improve management

Adaptive Planning Processes and Organizations
Collaboration Under Sustainable Development
  • Help to solve issues of naturally depleting
  • Help to resolve cultural issues
  • Maintain Biodiversity and achieve local
    empowerment through stakeholder involvement,
    working together and collaboration
  • Eco-tourism as an opportunity

Knowledge Gaps
  • Lack of Awareness
  • Lack of Education
  • Lack of Basic Amenities and Sanitation
  • Lack of Facilities
  • Poor Transportation
  • Poor planning and instruments of natural disasters

  • The Government of India has recognized the need
    to develop sustainably
  • Awareness and Education must be raised
  • Implementation of amenities, facilities and
    certain Westernized comforts
  • Working together to continuously improving will
    help to achieve Sustainable Development

  • Bramwell, B. Lane, B. (2000). Tourism
    Collaboration and Partnerships Politics,
    Practice and Sustainability. Great Britain
    Biddles Ltd.
  • Conservation International (2007, November 6th).
    Biodiversity hotspots. Retrieved November 6th,
    2007, from http//
  • Jodha, N. S. (2000). Globalization and fragile
    mountain environments Policy challenges and
    choices. Mountain Research and Development,
    20(4), 296-299.
  • Karan, P. P. (1994). Environmental movements in
    India. The Geographical Review, 84, 32-42.
  • Kuniyal, J. C. (2005). Solid waste management
    techniques for the waste generated and brought
    down from campsites in the hill spots, trails
    and expedition tops. Waste Management
    Research, 23(3), 182-198.
  • Regmi, P. (n.d.). Himalayas labelled the highest
    junkyard in the world. Retrieved October 25,
    2007, from http//
  • Singh, S. Jodha, N. (2000). Globalization and
    Fragile Mountain Environments Policy Challenges
    and Choices. Mountain Research and Development,
    20(4), 296-299.
  • Wikipedia (2007, May 17). Seven sister states.
    Retrieved October 31, 2007, from
  • Wonderland Treks and Tours (2007). Retrieved
    November 11th, 2007, from
  • http//
  • Yandle, T. 2003. The challenge of building
    successful stakeholder organizations New
    Zealands experience in developing a fisheries
    co-management regime. Marine Policy 27, 179192

References Contd
  • Dev, B.J., Lahiri, D.K. (1987). Manipur
    Culture and Politics. India Mittal Publications.
  • Singh, T. (1972). Manipur A Study. Rajesh
    Printing Press.
  • Agarwal, A.K. (1988). North-Eastern Economy
    Problems and Prospects. India Mittal
  • India Tourism Statistics. (2003). Market research
    division ministry of tourism government of India
    (PDF). Retrieved November 13, 2007,
  • Gopalakrishnan, R. (1991). The North-East India
    Land, Economy and People. Vikas Publishing House
    Pvt Ltd.
  • Maps of India. (2004). Travel, hotels and profile
    of Meghalaya. Retrieved November 13, 2007, from
  • Ministry of Statistics and Programme
    Implementation. (2007). Retrieved November 12,
    2007, from http//
  • Government of Assam, Economic Survey of Assam.
    (2006). Retrieved November 13, 2007, from
  • Infrastructure. (2003). Assam (PDF). Retrieved
    November 13, 2007, from http//
  • NER Databank. (2002). North Eastern Development
    Finance Corporation Ltd. Retrieved November 12,
    2007, from http//

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