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Implementation of New Initiatives on Region specific, Crop specific strategies

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Title: Implementation of New Initiatives on Region specific, Crop specific strategies


1
Implementation of New Initiatives on Region
specific, Crop specific strategies
  • Status Review

2
New Initiatives
  • Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India
  • Increasing productivity of Rice based cropping
    system
  • Watershed centric Integrated Development of
    60,000 pulses and oilseeds villages in rainfed
    areas
  • Watershed plus activities
  • Accelerated Pulses Production Program
  • En bloc technology promotion in 1000 units of
    1000 hectares each in two years for five main
    pulses crops

3
Eastern India Initiative
  • Six Eastern States West Bengal, Orissa, Bihar,
    Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Eastern part of Uttar
    Pradesh
  • Assam included recently
  • Green Revolution - Crop Husbandry
  • Addressing underlying constraints
  • Soil, water, Energy, small holdings, pests and
    diseases
  • Bridging the yield gaps
  • Technology Promotion

4
Steps taken by Government of India
  • Expert group
  • Finalizing the Strategy Plan
  • Workshop to adopt the plans
  • Monitoring Structure
  • 3 tier structure
  • CRRI as nodal institution
  • Task Forces
  • Water resources
  • 1st meeting held on 10th August
  • Power
  • 1st meeting held on 20th July
  • Hybrid Rice Promotion
  • Plan to cover 3 million hectares by 2012
  • Increase in MSP for Pulses
  • NAFED to set up purchase centres in seven key
    States
  • Timely release of Funds
  • Provisional Releases

5
Bihar
Focus on Pulses with 21 funds
63.94 crores
6
Chhattisgarh
67.15 crores
60 rainwater harvesting Innovative and Direct
7
Jharkhand
29.6 crores
Focus on Rainwater harvesting, Wheat dev, Non
NFSM Districts
8
Orissa
79.67 Crores
Focus on Hybrids, pulses and SRI E pest
surveillance
9
Eastern UP
57.27 Crores
STW for summer rice is the focus
10
West Bengal
102.37 crores
Balanced in key areas
11
Monitoring Structure
  • Central Steering Committee
  • Considers reports of SLMTs
  • Meets once in three months
  • State Level Monitoring Teams
  • Visits the assigned State once a month
  • Reviews the progress
  • Considers the reports of KVKs
  • District Level Monitoring Teams
  • Visits the projects in the Districts
  • Verifies the quality of service delivery
  • Prepares reports in prescribed formats
  • Central Rice Research Institute
  • Nodal Agency for Monitoring
  • Identifies partner institutions for SLMTs
  • Assigns scientific resources for district level
    projects
  • Prepares formats for reporting
  • Documentation of outcomes

12
State Level Teams
State AS/JS (Leader of SLMT) Technical Expert State Representative Nodal Instt representing CRRI
Orissa Sh. G.C. Pati, Addl. Secretary Dr. S. Selvaraj , DC(RFS) Director Agriculture of the Respective State Government OUAT,Bhubaneshwar (Scientist VC)
Jharkhand Sh. A. Thakur, Addl. Secretary Dr. D. Kumar, DC ( INM) Director Agriculture of the Respective State Government BAU,Ranchi (Scientist VC)
Chhattisgarh Sh. Subhash Garg, Joint secretary Dr. A.P.Singh, DC(TMOP) Director Agriculture of the Respective State Government IGAU,Raipur (Scientist VC)
Uttar Pradesh Sh. R. K. Tiwari, Joint Secretary Dr. C.M.Pandey, DC(NRM) Director Agriculture of the Respective State Government BHU, Varanasi (Scientist VC)
West Bengal Sh. Sanjeev Chopra, Joint Secretary Dr. S.K.Biswas, DJD, Kolkata Director Agriculture of the Respective State Government BCKVV, Mohanpur, Nadia (Scientist VC)
Bihar Sh. Pankaj Kumar, Joint Secretary Dr.M.C.Diwakar, DRD,Patna Director Agriculture of the Respective State Government RAU, Samastipur (Scientist VC)
13
Status
  • Kharif Season affected by drought in the Region
  • Additional area under Pulses as intercrops would
    act as a mitigating measure
  • Most activities planned for Rabi season
  • Water and soil conservation
  • Wheat, rabi maize, seed production
  • Monitoring system to support delivery
  • Involvement of CRRI and KVKs

14
Integrated development of pulses and oilseeds
villages
  • Water shed centric, dryland farming

15
Plan and Allocation
Sl.No State Allocation Release Units Districts Villages
1 Andhra Pradesh 33.00 16.50 660 19 6600
2 Gujarat 27.00 13.50 540 25 5400
3 Karnataka 33.00 16.50 660 12 6600
4 Madhya Pradesh 72.00 36.00 1440 50 14400
5 Maharashtra 51.00 25.50 1020 25 10200
6 Rajasthan 57.00 28.50 1140 All 11400
7 Uttar Pradesh 27.00 - 540 71 5400
Total Total 300.00 136.50 6000 60000
16
Concept
  • Watershed plus activities in developed watersheds
  • Crop development
  • Management and maintenance of community rainwater
    harvesting and water conservation structures
  • Programs to supplement efforts under ongoing
    schemes
  • Creation of tangible assets in rainfed areas
  • Empowering watershed areas for utilization of
    water
  • Convergence
  • Crop development schemes
  • NFSM, ISOPOM, MMA
  • Watershed development schemes
  • IWMP, MMA, NREGS

17
Strategy
  • Ridge furrow planter identified as the key
    intervention
  • to reduce water stress - moisture or flooding
  • To reduce incidences of diseases
  • Machinery for dry land areas to improve
    efficiency
  • Prime movers
  • Tractors, Power tillers
  • Field operations
  • Seed cum fertilizer drills, rotavators
  • Promoting custom hiring at subsidized rate
  • Increased reach
  • Affordable to large numbers of small and marginal
    farmers
  • Optimal utilization of machinery
  • Agri business agri clinics to service contracts
  • Focused working in the identified villages
  • Priority under NFSM, ISOPOM and A3P
  • Involvement of Watershed societies, Power
    companies, Irrigation department

18
FAQs
  • Inefficient management of community assets
  • States like MP, Punjab already running custom
    hiring centres
  • Outsourcing possible to ABACs or to progressive
    farmers with condition to serve farmers in the
    area at subsidized rate
  • Individual beneficiary program already available
  • Other interventions like seeds are more important
  • Yes, but those are available under other schemes
    as well
  • No freedom to States
  • No proposal on imaginative alternatives received
  • Use of solar water pumps?
  • Lining the constructed farm ponds?
  • Construction of diggis?

19
Status
  • No implementation in Kharif Season
  • Villages identified in all the States as also the
    implementing agencies at watershed level
  • Watershed wise planning in AP
  • Machinery would be in place before sowing
    operations in AP, Maharashtra, Gujarat and UP
  • Potential Bundelkhand region in UP and MP
  • Procurement process still not completed in MP and
    Karnataka
  • Deviance from recommended measures
  • Rajasthan plans to implement seed minikits and
    other inputs free of cost to individual farmers
    (A3P pattern)
  • MP promoting Machinery to individual farmers on
    the MMA subsidy pattern apart from setting up
    custom hiring centres departmentally

20
Accelerated Pulses promotion program
  • Promotion of critical inputs in large number of
    compact blocks

21
Program
  • Selection of Districts as per area under five
    crops Red gram, Green Gram, Black Gram, Bengal
    Gram and Lentils
  • States to identify the blocks, villages and the
    farmers in the allotted districts to cover 1000
    hectares of area under these crops for each unit
  • Supplying kits of critical inputs free of cost
  • seeds, nutrients and plant protection chemicals
    to all the farmers in 1000 units
  • Financial limit of Rs. 5400 per hectare for each
    kit
  • Kit of nutrient and chemicals for 2 hectare per
    farmer to all the farmers
  • Cost of one Technical Assistant for six months
    per unit
  • Contingencies for mobility
  • Composition of kits to be decided as per
    recommendations of respective SAUs
  • Type and quantity of nutrients and chemicals may
    differ
  • More units could be planned from savings
  • More items could be planned under the kit
  • Crop Insurance
  • Seed minikits supplied by GoI for 0.4 hectares
    per farmer
  • For multiplication of recommended varieties to
    cover entire area by next season

22
A3P crops in 2010-11
23
Implementation Status
24
NCIPM Units
25
Prospects
  • Higher area coverage of pulses in Kharif and good
    rains in September augur well for the targeted
    production of 16.5 million tons of pulses this
    year
  • Good work reported by Chhattisgarh, Andhra
    Pradesh, Orissa, Maharashtra and Gujarat under
    A3P
  • Line sowing
  • Intercrops and on bunds
  • Pest surveillance
  • Need to associate with
  • 6000 block demonstrations by KVKs
  • ICRISAT and ICARDA for chick pea and lentil
    promotion

26
Sum up
  • Quick grounding
  • Fine tune planning during implementation
  • Complete roll out feasible during Rabi season
  • Eastern India program planned well but hit by
    drought
  • Role of KVKs and CRRI for monitoring
  • Assam to prepare plan for Boro Rice
  • A3P has progressed very well
  • Protocol for pest management
  • Training of technical assistance on pest
    surveillance
  • Pulses and Oilseeds Villages program generally
    lagging
  • Not confident of service model
  • Procurement process
  • Consolidation needed
  • Reporting system for tracking progress of
    interventions across different schemes
  • Incentive through top up funds for completing
    watershed programs

27
A grand opportunity to contribute with flexible
and customized programs
  • Thank you!
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