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The Hebrew Bible

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... The Book of the Twelve Hosea Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Zechariah Malachi Kethuvim ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Hebrew Bible


1
The Hebrew Bible
  • A collection of some of the most important books
    in Western Civilization

2
The Hebrew Bible
  • Christians know it as the Old Testament
  • It is written in Hebrew
  • It is made up of 39 smaller works
  • In fact the name Bible is from a Greek word
    biblia which means little books.

3
Hebrew Bible
  • It was written as early as 800 B.C.E. and
    finalized in about 200 B.C.E.
  • Tradition held that Moses wrote the first five
    books although many no longer believe this today.

4
Hebrew Bible
  • The Documentary Hypothesis asserts that there
    were multiple editors/writers of the Torah.
  • The sources are known as JEDP
  • J stands for YWHW, E stands for Elohim (another
    name for God), D stands for Deuteronomy and P
    stands for priestly (D and P have the same
    source)
  • Scholars believe that the Torah has three
    different sources.

5
Hebrew Bible
  • 3 sections
  • the Law - Torah
  • the Prophets - Neviim
  • the Writings - Kethuvim
  • Together they are called Tanakh
  • The Torah is the core of the Bible

6
Books of the Hebrew Bible
7
Torah
  • Genesis
  • Exodus
  • Leviticus
  • Numbers
  • Deuteronomy

8
Neviim (the Prophets)Major Prophets
  • Joshua
  • Judges
  • Samuel
  • Kings
  • Isaiah
  • Ezekiel

9
Neviim (the Prophets) The Book of the Twelve
  • Hosea
  • Joel
  • Amos
  • Obadiah
  • Jonah
  • Micah
  • Nahum
  • Habakkuk
  • Zephaniah
  • Haggai
  • Zechariah
  • Malachi

10
Kethuvim (the Writings)
  • Psalms
  • Proverbs
  • Job
  • Song of Songs
  • Ruth
  • Lamentations
  • Ecclesiastes
  • Esther
  • Daniel
  • Ezra-Nehemiah
  • Chronicles

11
Finalization of the Hebrew Bible
12
The Preservation
  • Scribes did not want the history of the people to
    be lost.

13
The Preservation
  • The Torah (Pentateuch) was finalized, the
    prophetic books were compiled and new books
    written.
  • Among those things written was the Book of Job
    it was one of the first written attempts to
    understand the suffering of an innocent person.

14
The Hebrew Bible
  • The canon was developed.
  • The religions focus away from the temple meant
    that it had to determine which religious books
    would be canonical (authoritative).
  • Several hundred religious books were in use.

15
The Meeting
  • Around 90 B.C.E. a group of Rabbis gathered to
    determine which books would be canonical in
    Israel in a town called Jabneh (Jamnia)
  • Some books like the Song of Songs and
    Ecclesiastes were hotly debated and almost
    excluded.
  • They finally decided on the current books.

16
A Reading
  • Here is what Genesis 11 sounds like in
    Hebrew--my reading
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