Improving investment and stimulating agricultural growth to achieve food security in East Africa Linking small-farmers to local and regional market The SPS measures at regional level: AU-EU experiences Jacky Le Gosl - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Improving investment and stimulating agricultural growth to achieve food security in East Africa Linking small-farmers to local and regional market The SPS measures at regional level: AU-EU experiences Jacky Le Gosl

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Title: Improving investment and stimulating agricultural growth to achieve food security in East Africa Linking small-farmers to local and regional market The SPS measures at regional level: AU-EU experiences Jacky Le Gosl


1
Improving investment and stimulating
agricultural growth to achieve food security in
East Africa Linking small-farmers to local and
regional marketThe SPS measures at regional
level AU-EU experiencesJacky Le Goslès,
Adviser, DG Health and Consumers, European
Commission CTA sub regional briefing
12-13/11/2010 , Entebbe, Uganda
2
BTFS AFRICA
  • BETTER TRAINING FOR SAFER FOOD
  • UNE MEILLEURE FORMATION POUR DES ALIMENTS PLUS
    SAINS

3
BTFSAFRICA
  • Africa-EU Joint Strategy
  • Capacity building activities in the SPS field in
    Africa
  • 2009-2010 (10M)

4
  • BTSF AFRICA
  • Activity 1 (OIE)
  • Evaluation of Performance of Veterinary Services
    (11)  follow-ups (28)
  • Activity 2 (OIE)
  • Improvement of national / regional legal
    framework (13)
  • Activity 3 (OIE)
  • Laboratory capacity (4 twinnings)
  • Activity 4 (OIE)
  • Training of CVOs / National Focal Points (6 WS)
  • Activity 5 (AESA Cons.)
  • -10 five-day Regional training of trainers
    workshops ( 250 trainees)
  • 3 three-day special WS for AC, RECs, Specialised
    bodies officials (Addis, Dakar, Cape Town)
  • -2 one-day (opening and closing) conferences
    (Addis, Brussels)
  • Activity 6 (AESA Cons.)
  • Sustained missions and ad hoc assistance (e.g.
    SMEs)
  • 1,560 days / 12 experts / 6 Regions ( 26
    countries)

5
Main food safety principles
  • 1) Needs for knowledge on food hazards and risks
    training of both producers/processors and
    official controllers is key to acquire it.
  • 2) FBO liability along the whole food production
    chain (including primary production i.e. feed and
    agriculture intrants) hazard and risk control
    and verification are key to discharge this
    liability.
  • 3) a regional harmonised food hygiene
    legislation, adaptable regarding means and with a
    time table in order to be progressively
    implemented in all food sectors and steps of the
    whole production chain official checks by
    competent authorities competent knowledgeable
    and well trained) authority (free of conflict of
    interest) thus budget/fees for controllers,
    control activities, monitoring plans, labs,
    analyses and on going training.

6
Food Safety Animal Health
  • Food safety Referential and guidelines based on
    the Code for food hygiene of the CODEX
    ALIMENTARIUS
  • PRE-REQUISITES (structure, organisation,
    equipment, material)
  • GOOD HYGIENE PRACTICES
  • HACCP PRINCIPLES/SYSTEM (pedagogic model based
    on production flow)
  • Animal Health based on OIE Codes
  • Official control certification
  • OIE/CODEX RECOMMENDATIONS/GUIDELINES
  • ISO STANDARDS
  • COMPETENT AUTHORITY CONTROL ACTIVITIES
  • REGIONAL INSPECTORATE BODY
  • Import requirements and import controls
  • Rapid alert system for feed and food
  • Traceability system for import and intra region
    trade

7
Animal Health Issues
  • Non OIE Disease definitions and/or under
    declaration
  • No sanction for not reporting OIE disease
    suspicion
  • No compensation to farmers for animal culling
  • AH lab coverage insufficient
  • Unreliable laboratories
  • Control/eradication measures inappropriate
  • OIE disease pro-active surveillance insufficient
  • Black market vaccines used (FMD)

8
Food Safety Main Issues (e.g. FP)
  • PRESCRIPTION and DISTRIBUTION OF VETERINARY
    MEDECINE PRODUCTS (VMP) IN AQUACULTURE FARMS
  • LAYOUT/STRUCTURE/HYGIENIC EQUIPMENT
  • RUNNING WATER/POTABLE WATER/DECONTAMINATION
    PROCESS
  • HYGIENE OF OPERATIONS (pest control, cleansing,
    disinfection, workers toilets, worker health
    status)
  • COLD CHAIN vessel holds, FP as such, processing
    room, cold stores
  • SANITARY TRACEABILITY one step forward, one
    step backward
  • HACCP (own-checks) and OFFICIAL CONTROLS
    REGARDING THE MAIN RELEVANT HAZARDS organoleptic
    checks, bacteriological contaminants, histamine,
    parasites, environmental contaminants,
    additives/preservatives, veterinary drug residues
    in aquaculture products

9
Food Safety Main Issues (e.g. meat)
  • Veterinary farm supervision (including VMP)
  • establishment supervision (rely too much on
    operators)
  • Hygiene of operation
  • Running/potable water
  • Cold chain, respect of T in rooms and in meat
  • Ante/Post-Mortem inspection non appropriate
    operation, staff
  • Trichinella controls in pig meat
  • Use of hyper-chlorinated water
  • Traceability of meat
  • Number of official/own-check analyses
  • Certification of health status of company staff

10
Main Issues (e.g. Vegs)
  • General
  • Lack of control by CA
  • Dependence on private standards
  • Poor performance in laboratories
  • No/poor controls at export

11
Food Safety Main Issues (e.g. Vegs)
  • Pesticides
  • High frequency of use
  • Lack of control on Good Agriculture Practices or
    on registered users
  • Lack of control in application or follow up
  • Variable MRLs
  • Poor equipment/analytical capability and poor
    quality control in laboratories
  • Phytosanitary Controls
  • Problems with understanding of legislation
    requirements
  • Monitoring and official controls limited
  • Lack of documentation/ traceability

12
Main Consequences
  • Primary production
  • is of paramount importance for providing food
    security and as far as possible self- sufficient
    food production,
  • is key to prepare a raw agricultural product (
    fruits, vegetables or animals) for a safe food
    (and of quality) to be put either on the
    national, regional or global market,
  • in DC is currently a weak link in the whole food
    production chain as food hazards and risks are
    insufficiently known and controlled by producers

13
Agriculture conditions trends Associated food
safety risks
  • Climate change less accessible and arable land(
    more chemical inputs, less water recycling and
    potability , T increases more needs for cold
    chain (including cooling of working rooms)
  • Land acquisition knowing the sanitary land
    history
  • Urbanisation pollution and translation of the
    arable land see above
  • Rural exodus, namely of the youth more
    urbanisation see above, less  hands  on land
    see below
  • Producing differently, for an increased
    productivity more chemicals to be properly
    controlled.

14
Agriculture conditions trends Associated food
safety risks
  • Environmental and agriculture chemical
    contaminants risks for fish and aquaculture
    projects.
  • Limited investments difficulties to comply with
    SPS standards
  • Food value chain not enough thought about or
    taken into account insufficient processing (
    less added value food and dependence of processed
    products), dependance of imported raw materials
  • move of food producing plants from the city
    center to industrial/craftwork activity zones
    very positive.

15
Do not forget BASIC NEEDS
  • Roads
  • Water
  • Power
  • Worker health
  • Civilian security
  • Food security policy
  • Food safety legislation
  • Good food hygiene practices implementation
  • Food safety legislation enforcement

16
Thank you for your attention
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