Sustainable Agriculture - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

About This Presentation
Title:

Sustainable Agriculture

Description:

Sustainable Agriculture A Lok Sanjh Foundation s Approach in Pakistan. (Prof. Qamar Mohy-Ud-Din) Why Sustainable Agriculture. The current food crisis the world ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:6386
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 29
Provided by: Mushtaq
Category:

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Sustainable Agriculture


1
  • Sustainable Agriculture A Lok Sanjh
    Foundations Approach in Pakistan.
  • (Prof. Qamar Mohy-Ud-Din)
  • Why Sustainable Agriculture.
  • The current food crisis the world over has
    emerged due to experiencing sustainable
    agriculture by only a few thousand communities.

2
  • The farmers and communities adopting regenerative
    technologies have substantially improved
    agricultural yields, after only using few or no
    external inputs
  • 2. The History of Modernized Agriculture.
  • Agricultural modernization has helped to
    transform many rural communities. These include
    the loss of jobs, the further
  • disadvantaging of women economically,

3
  • the increasing specialization of
    livelihoods, and the growing gap between the
    well-off and the poor etc.
  • All countries including Pakistan, where the
    Green Revolution has had a significant impact
    have seen average annual growth rates in the
    agricultural sector fall during the 1980s,
    compared with the post revolution period of
    1965-1980.

4
  • 3. What is Sustainable Agriculture.
  • Many terms are used to describe sustainable
    agriculture. These include regenerative, low
    external input, resource-conserving, natural,
    eco-agriculture, and organic agriculture etc. All
    these terms characterize the greater use of local
    resources and knowledge.
  • The sustainable agriculture makes better use of
    internal natural control processes and resources.

5
  • These include biological, cultural and
    mechanical methods instead using pesticides for
    controlling pests, weeds and diseases use of
    livestock manures, composts and nitrogen-fixing
    crops instead of inorganic fertilizers
    information of management decisions should come
    from local resources instead of input suppliers
    and locally generated energy resources should
    substitute the fossil fuels.

6
  • 4 Successful Application of Sustainability
  • Sustainability requires that we look closely at
    the very nature of the way we conceptualize
    sustainability and how it might be achieved.
  • Sustainable agriculture needs agricultural
    professionals willing and able to learn from
    farmers it needs supportive external
    institutions it needs local groups and
    institutions capable of managing resources
    effectively and above all it needs agricultural
    policies that support these features.

7
  • 5. The Transition to Sustainable Agriculture
  • The basic challenge for sustainable agriculture
    in the Green Revolution areas, is to maintain
    yields at current levels, while reducing
    environmental damage.
  • In the low input systems, diverse and complex
    lands, the challenge is to increase yields per
    hectare while not damaging natural resources.

8
  • The evidence from farms and communities from all
    over the world shows that agriculture can only be
    persistent and sustainable when resource
    conserving technologies are developed and used by
    local institutions and groups, who are supported
    by external research, extension and development
    institutions acting in an enabling way.
  • For sustainable agriculture to spread, the wider
    policy environment must too be enabling.

9
  • 6. Obstacles, Threats and Uncertainties.
  • The greatest challenge will be to ensure that the
    biases of the current development paradigm are
    not repeated, with the poorest and disadvantaged
    once again marginalized by improvements. The
    threats occur form international to local levels.

10
  • At international level, markets and trade
    policies (e.g. WTO agreements) have been tending
    to depress commodity prices, so reducing returns
    to farmers and economies. Agrochemical companies,
    too, will be seeking to protect their markets
    against alternatives that imply reduced use of
    their products.

11
  • At national level, macro and micro economic
    policies that hinder the development of a
    sustainable agriculture have to be targeted and
    changed. In some cases, this will be politically
    very difficult, particularly when it comes to
    implementing land reforms (as in Pakistan), which
    would give farmers the security to invest in
    sustainable practices.

12
  • The bureaucratic nature of large institutions is
    a further threat. They face difficulties in try
    to work in a way that empowers local communities,
    as this implies giving up some power.
  • The conservative nature of universities and
    teaching institutions is an obstacle to train
    agricultural professionals capable of working
    with and for farmers.

13
  • Farmers themselves face transition costs in the
    process of adopting sustainable agricultural
    practices and technologies, and acquiring new
    management and learning skills.
  • 7 A Lok Sanjh Foundations Approach to
    Sustainable Agriculture.
  • In this section we will explain how the Lok Sanjh
    Foundation is heading towards

14
  • sustainable agriculture by reducing the cost of
    production and increasing yields in complex and
    diverse agriculture, and maintaining yields in
    Green Revolution areas.
  • 7.1 Mission Statement of Lok Sanjh
  • People centered development to reduce poverty,
    enhance food security through
  • strengthening local democracy, empowering women
    and sustainable use of natural resources

15
  • Lok Sanjh started working with farming
    communities in 1996. The idea was to find
    solutions to the problems inherited from the
    Green Revolution (GR) technologies. It was
    generally believed by the farming community that
    GR has negatively affected resource base and
    biodiversity. The globalization, WTO and other
    developments have further exacerbated the
    situation.

16
  • The food production systems that farmers
    developed over generations got directly under
    threat. Farmers were facing falling farm prices
    and rising costs of production. Thus rural
    poverty had increased. Small and landless farmers
    were more food insecure than before.
  • Lok Sanjh developed a strategy to build farmers
    capacity using local knowledge and the success
    stories from elsewhere in South

17
  • Asia in pest management soil rebuilding, and
    companion crop technology, many local
    plants-based formulations were prepared and
    tested in farmers fields.
  • Access to local seeds was considered important
    and seed banks were developed with the active
    participation of farmers, particularly with women
    farmers.
  • Women farmers were got engaged in vegetable
    production, goats farming and poultry production.

18
  • At present Lok Sanjh is working in more than 130
    villages in nine districts of Punjab, Kashmir and
    with partners in NWFP, Sindh and Balochistan
    provinces of Pakistan. At national level, Lok
    Sanjh is member of Sustainable Agriculture Action
    Group (SAAG), a network of more than thirty like
    minded organizations working on sustainable
    agriculture.

19
  • 7.2 Lok Sanjh means working together with the
    people
  • Lok Sanjh is working with rural communities for
    the last twelve years and has the experience to
    build capacity of the poor to use their skills to
    create their own wealth of opportunities to be
    out of poverty.
  • Strategies Followed by Lok Sanjh.

20
  • i) Village Food Security Programme
  • i) Motivated farmers to change from conventional
    to ecological farming. Lowers cost of production,
    increases income and reduces poverty.
  • ii) Motivated farmers to adopt biodiversity
    system instead of mono-cropping to ensure food
    security.
  • iii) Increased organic food production for
    domestic use and marketing.

21
  • ii) Farmers Field School
  • To build capacity of farmers Training in
  • i) Making Compost
  • ii) Making bio-pesticides
  • Adopting IPM technology.
  • iii) Green House Technology
  • Involved farmers to produce off-season
    vegetables for domestic use and marketing .
    increased income.

22
  • iv) Seed Bank
  • With introduction of hybrid seeds local and
    farmer seeds were vanishing. Farmers were at the
    mercy of multinationals. Lok Sanjh
  • i) Mobilized farmers to build and save own seed
    by developing seed banks.
  • Involved women in seed saving.
  • Farmers exchanged seed and saved money to buy
    seed from market

23
  • v) Raising Nurseries
  • Farmers trained in raising nurseries of
    vegetables, crops, forest trees, fruit trees and
    medicinal plants.
  • Income of farmers increased and used the leaves
    of Neem to make biopesticides.
  • vi) Farmers Research Farms
  • Promoted ecological agriculture for demonstration
    to other farmers

24
  • Promoted biodiversity instead of mono-cropping.
  • It required less water, less pest attack.
  • Farmers selected best varieties of Rice, Wheat
    and Vegetables.
  • vii) Strengthening Local Democracy
  • Lok Sanjh engaged local government and public
    representatives in development planning of
    villages.
  • Involved communities in environment friendly
    activities.

25
  • viii) Marketing Support
  • As organic production is increasing Lok Sanjh is
    helping farmers to market their produce at
    premium price in the market.
  • ix) Village Eco Club School Eco Clubs
  • Mobilized people to take care of environment of
    village and keeping it clean. Farmers, teachers
    and elected councilors were involved.
  • Establishment of eco clubs in the schools.

26
  • x) Youth Empowerment Support.
  • Lok Sanjh mobilized young generation.
  • By involving students in eco-friendly activities.
  • Arranged school debates and games developed
    competition and positive thinking in youth.
  • xi) Farmers Rights Programme.
  • Establishment of Dehqan (Small farmer) assembly.

27
  • Arranged farmers Rally on food sovereignty,
    GMOs, Plant Breeders Rights ordinance etc.
  • xii) Women in Agriculture and Development
    Alternatives (WADA)
  • Goats and poultry distributed to widows and poor
    women.
  • Encouraged women to develop kitchen gardening.

28
  • xiii) Grain Bank
  • Established to make the small farmers food secure
    decrease their dependency on market.
  • xiv) Water Harvesting
  • In rain fed areas ponds were constructed to
    conserve rain water and use for growing
    vegetables.
  • xv) Health Camp
  • Health Camps were conducted for women and
    children.
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com