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Ideologies of sustainable development, sustainable tourism and eco-tourism

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Title: Ideologies of sustainable development, sustainable tourism and eco-tourism


1
Ideologies of sustainable development,
sustainable tourism and eco-tourism
  • Development which meets the needs of the
    present without compromising the ability of
    future generations to meet their own needs.
  • Gro Harlem Brundtland (1987)

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Ideologies of sustainable development and
eco-tourism
  • Sustainable tourism is a positive approach
    intended to reduce the tension and frictions
    created by the complex interactions between the
    tourist industry, visitors, the environment and
    communities which are host to holidaymakers.
  • Bramwell et al 1996 Butler 1990 Wheeller 1991

5
Ideologies of sustainable development and
eco-tourism
  • Eco-tourism is responsible travel to natural
    areas that conserves the environment and improves
    the well-being of local people.
  • The Ecotourism Society 1991

6
Ideologies of sustainable development and
eco-tourism
  • Eco-tourism is travel to fragile, pristine
    and usually protected areas to be low and
    (usually) small scale. It helps educate the
    traveler provides funds for conservation
    directly benefits the economic development and
    political empowerment of local communities and
    fosters respect for different cultures and for
    human rights.
  • Martha Honey

7
Ideologies of sustainable development and
eco-tourism
  • Cater
  • the environment, which, if not adequately
    safeguarded, will compromisetourism. Tourists,
    present and future, will be denied the
    opportunity of visiting and experiencing
    environments different to those at home.

8
Ideologies of sustainable development and
eco-tourism
  • Cater
  • A completely sustainable outcome is likely to
    remain more of an ideal than reality.
  • The Win-Win Scenario
  • sustainable eco-tourism development might
    be defined by the people themselves they need to
    be both architects and engineers of the concept.

9
Caters Win-Win ideologies
10
Ideologies of sustainable development and
eco-tourism
  • Prosser
  • Tourism is the new world religion.
  • Tourism is in essence a fashion industry.
  • The product cycle, adapted from Butlers
    original formulation (1980).
  • The pleasure periphery extends
  • Doxeys index of tourist irritation model

11
Butlers resort life cycle
12
Ideologies of sustainable development and
eco-tourism
  • Prosser
  • the ultimate protectors of eco-systems must
    be the local human communities
  • The first step towards preservation of
    eco-systems is education.
  • A crucial issue for eco-tourism is to control
    any development within the adaptation thresholds
    of the local environment.

13
Prossers tourist types
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Ideologies of sustainable development and
eco-tourism
  • Shaw and Williams
  • Tourism and environment is fundamental, with
    a strong element of mutual dependency.
  • In essence there are two broad
    considerations that help unravel the complexities
    of tourism-environmental impacts, these being
    the type of tourism and the characteristics of
    the environment.

16
Ideologies of sustainable development and
eco-tourism
  • Sustainable tourism versus mass tourist is
  • Polar opposite concepts
  • Continuum concepts
  • Movement position and
  • Convergence
  • Knowles, Diamantis El-Mourhabi (pg. 125)

17
Ideologies of sustainable development and
eco-tourism
  • Mass tourism need not be uncontrolled,
    unplanned, short-term, or unstable.
  • It has yet to be proven that all examples of
    mass tourism are unsustainable and that such
    unproven assumptions have led researchers away
    from the difficult but much more important task
    of resolving how mass tourism can be made more
    sustainable.
  • Butler 1992
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