Reliability, Validity, and Plagiarism - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Reliability, Validity, and Plagiarism

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Reliability, Validity, and Plagiarism. What you need to know for your ... the key ingredients identified in teaching pigeons to play ping-pong and to bowl. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Reliability, Validity, and Plagiarism


1
Reliability, Validity, and Plagiarism
  • What you need to know for your iSearch papers

2
What is validity?
  • Validity the quality of being valid
  • Duh!
  • So what is valid?
  • Valid well-grounded, just producing the
    desired results
  • Remember BASED ON FACT

3
Fact or Fiction?
  • Reliable honest, something that is accurate
  • Reliability trustworthy, dependable
  • Notice the pattern?
  • BASED ON FACT

4
Lets talk about websites!
  • What websites are valid and reliable?
  • Examples?
  • What websites are not?
  • Examples?

5
NO NO ZERO
  • Plagiarism the unauthorized use or close
    imitation of the language and thoughts of another
    author and the representation of them as one's
    own original work
  • In other words . . . STEALING

6
Seriously?
  • YES
  • Plagiarism is considered stealing in ANY kind of
    setting (school or business)
  • Why? Lets find out!

7
Original Source by M.E. Gredler
  • Developing complex skills in the classroom
    involves the key ingredients identified in
    teaching pigeons to play ping-pong and to bowl.
    The key ingredients are (1) inducing a response,
    (2) reinforcing subtle improvements or
    refinements in the behavior, (3) providing for
    the transfer of stimulus control by gradually
    withdrawing the prompts or cues, and (4)
    scheduling reinforcements so that the ratio of
    reinforcements in responses gradually increases
    and natural reinforcers can maintain their
    behavior.

8
You decide plagiarized or not?
  • Inducing a response, providing for the transfer
    of stimulus control by gradually withdrawing
    prompts or cues, reinforcing subtle improvements
    in the behavior, and scheduling reinforcements so
    that natural reinforcers can maintain their
    behavior are the key ingredients identified both
    in teaching pigeons to play ping-pong and in
    developing complex skills in the classroom.

9
So?
  • THAT EXAMPLE WAS PLAGIARIZED!
  • Why?
  • Positive Moved words around
  • Negative Copied word for word
  • Negative No quotations used to cite these word
    for word passages

10
What about this one?
  • According to Gredler (2001), the same factors
    apply to developing complex skills in a classroom
    setting as to developing complex skills in any
    setting. A response must be induced, then
    reinforced as it gets closer to the desired
    behavior. Reinforcers have to be scheduled
    carefully, and cues have to be withdrawn
    gradually so that the new behaviors can be
    transferred and maintained.

11
So what is the difference?
  • Good When you use information from ANY other
    source than yourself, you MUST cite who or where
    that information came from.
  • Sources personal interviews, books, magazines,
    internet, movies, etc.
  • Good If you copy information word for word from
    another source, you MUST use quotation marks to
    quote it!
  • Good With ANY researched information, you must
    have a works cited list that includes ALL of your
    sources.

12
What Zero?
  • Bad Copying information without telling the
    reader where you pulled it from.
  • Bad Not using quotation marks when you copy
    word for word.
  • Bad Not providing a list of all of your sources
    to tell the reader what you used to gather your
    research.
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