SA 145 Workplace Safety Today and Tomorrow - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 40
About This Presentation

SA 145 Workplace Safety Today and Tomorrow


Injured and witness interviews. Take pictures, sketches, etc. Examine ... Workplace fires and explosions kill 200 and injure more than 5,000 workers each year. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:71
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 41
Provided by: lonfer


Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: SA 145 Workplace Safety Today and Tomorrow

SA 145 Workplace Safety Today and Tomorrow
  • Unit 3 Identifying Hazards

  • Recognition of Hazards
  • Systems Approach to recognizing hazards
  • Systems Safety Engineering
  • Defined a logical systematic approach utilizing
    scientific and engineering principles to identify
    hazards via a cause and effect pattern of events
    and actions, which ultimately cause a loss

  • Purpose for Inspections
  • Two primary purposes
  • Identify hazards and ensure correction
  • Audit the effectiveness of the safety program
    and hold supervisors accountable (Safety Manager)

  • Format for Inspections
  • policy and procedure for completing inspections
  • inspection form
  • training for supervisors

Accident Investigations (AI)
  • Why investigate accidents?
  • Develop a written procedure for AI
  • Purpose and scope of AI
  • Accident notification
  • Employee training in AI
  • Forms to be completed and time frames
  • Review and follow-up of AI

Accident Investigations
  • Procedures for gathering evidence and facts
    surrounding the accident
  • Injured and witness interviews
  • Take pictures, sketches, etc.
  • Examine accident records
  • Test circumstantial evidence
  • Site security and the media

Accident Investigations
  • Accident Report Information
  • Employee Data (Who)
  • Accident Description (What Happened, When
    and Where)
  • Costs associated with an accident
    Medical/indemnity (direct or insurable costs) and
    Indirect or uninsured costs
  • Identification of Causes Unsafe acts and
    conditions symptoms and problems in the
    management system underlying causes

Accident Investigations
  • Accident Report Information
  • Determine Corrective Action
  • Major objective is to remove causes!
  • Emphasis on engineering controls
  • Consider administrative controls
  • Review and follow-up of corrective action

Accident Investigations
  • Accident Description
  • While walking through the machining department,
    you observe the overhead crane moving across the
    bay. Suddenly, the crane strikes another crane
    and the load swings out of the rigging and
    strikes an idle piece of machinery below, nearly
    missing an employee standing below.
  • Accident Causes - Recommendations?

Pre-operations Planning
  • Emphasis on identifying hazards and bottle necks
    prior to construction
  • Goal is to ensure that safety is incorporated
    into equipment, facility, and new process design


Pre-operations Planning
  • Review Building Codes
  • Codes are ordinances that set forth minimum
    requirements for building construction and design
  • Examples of building codes


Pre-operations Planning
  • Layout Considerations
  • Material flow
  • Questions to consider
  • Roadways
  • Reference U.S. DOT Manual on Uniform
    Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways

Pre-operations Planning
  • Layout Considerations
  • Aisles
  • Aisles for one-way forklift traffic be at least
    3 ft. wider than the widest forklift.
  • For two way traffic, at least 3 ft. wider than
    twice the width of the widest vehicle

Pre-operations Planning
  • Layout Considerations
  • Equipment
  • Materials
  • Power transmission exposures
  • Maintenance
  • Environmental concerns
  • Fire concerns
  • Pressurized equipment

Pre-operations Planning
  • Equipment (continued)
  • Drainage for wet processes
  • Life safety concerns
  • Electrical requirements
  • Ergonomic considerations

Pre-operations Planning
  • Life Safety and Fire Prevention
  • Workplace fires and explosions kill 200 and
    injure more than 5,000 workers each year.
  • In 1995, more than 75,000 workplace fires cost
    businesses more than 2.3 billion.

Pre-operations Planning
  • Life Safety and Fire Prevention
  • NFPA 101 Life Safety Code
  • Each work location should have a sufficient
    number of unobstructed, easily visible, properly
    designed paths of travel with a capacity adequate
    to safely evacuate the maximum number of persons
    expected to be in the area.

Pre-operations Planning
  • Life Safety and Fire Prevention
  • Egress capacity
  • Occupancy
  • Egress surface

Pre-operations Planning
  • Life Safety and Fire Prevention
  • Fire Prevention
  • Control of combustibles
  • flammable liquids, ordinary combustibles
  • Control of ignition hazards
  • electrical hazards
  • Extinguishment and detection
  • Fire extinguishers and sprinkler systems
  • Fire brigades

Fire Definitions
  • "Class A fire" means a fire involving ordinary
    combustible materials such as paper, wood, cloth,
    and some rubber and plastic materials

Fire Definitions
  • "Class B fire" means a fire involving flammable
    or combustible liquids, flammable gases, greases
    and similar materials, and some rubber and
    plastic materials

Fire Definitions
  • "Class C fire" means a fire involving energized
    electrical equipment where safety to the employee
    requires the use of electrically nonconductive
    extinguishing media

Fire Definitions
  • "Class D fire" means a fire involving combustible
    metals such as magnesium, titanium, zirconium,
    sodium, lithium and potassium

"Dry powder" means an compound used to extinguish
or control Class D fires
Portable Fire Extinguishers
  • Key Issues
  • Placement
  • Use
  • Maintenance
  • Testing

Pre-operations Planning Illumination
  • Basic types of lighting
  • General lighting
  • Localized general lighting
  • Supplementary lighting
  • Emergency lighting

Pre-operations Planning Illumination
  • Quantity of illumination
  • Quantity depends primarily on the work being done
  • Reference on quantity ANSI RP-7 Practice for
    Industrial Lighting

Pre-operations Planning HVAC
  • Importance of HVAC
  • Temperature comfort zone
  • General recommendation for temperature is
    between 66 and 79 F

Pre-operations Planning HVAC
  • Indoor air quality
  • Importance
  • Cause of poor indoor air quality

Pre-operations Planning HVAC
  • Complaints due to poor indoor air quality
  • Evaluation of indoor air quality

Pre-operations Planning Sanitation
  • Areas which must remain sanitary
  • General sanitation rules
  • Drinking water
  • Water Quality Standards Primary and Secondary

Pre-operations Planning Sanitation
  • Sewage and Garbage Disposal
  • Types of Sewage
  • - Sanitary sewage
  • - Process Waste

Pre-operations Planning Sanitation
  • Rest rooms/Locker rooms
  • Lavatories with hot and cold water
  • One shower per 50 employees with max. water temp.
    inside shower of 140 degrees
  • of toilets based on of employees, Reference
    for washrooms and locker rooms ANSI Z4.1

Pre-operations Planning Color coding to Identify
  • Not intended to be a substitute for other control
  • Red
  • Yellow
  • Orange
  • Green
  • Black and White

Safety Hazards in Industry
  • OSHA Most Frequently Cited Serious Safety
    Violations in General Industry FY 2005
  • Scaffolding 8891 citations
  • Hazard Communication 7267
  • Fall Protection 6122
  • Respiratory Protection 4278

Safety Hazards in Industry
  • OSHA Most Frequently Cited Serious Safety
    Violations in General Industry FY 2005
  • Lockout/Tagout 4051 citations
  • Powered Industrial Trucks 3115
  • Electrical Wiring 3077
  • Machine Guarding 2956
  • Electrical General Requirements 2348
  • Ladders 2276

  • Failure to provide fall protection
  • Failure to provide proper access
  • Failure to ensure adequate platform construction
  • Lack of personal fall arrest or guardrail systems
  • Failure to properly support scaffolding

Hazard Communication
  • Failure to develop and maintain a written program
  • Failure to maintain training
  • Failure to have a MSDS for each hazardous
  • Lack of employee training
  • Failure to label

Fall Protection
  • Failure to use a guardrail, safety not or
    personal fall arrest system
  • Failure to provide protection/residential
  • Failure to provide protection/low-slope roof
  • Failure to provide protection/steep roof
  • Failure to provide protection/falling through

Respiratory Protection
  • Failure to establish a program
  • Failure to provide medical evaluation
  • Failure to provide respirators
  • Failure to conduct fit-testing
  • Failure to identify respiratory hazards

  • Failure to establish written program
  • Failure to utilize procedures
  • Failure to provide training
  • Failure to conduct inspection of procedures
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)