Thyroid Cancer - Causes, Symptoms & Treatments - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Thyroid Cancer - Causes, Symptoms & Treatments


This presentation gives the basic knowledge of thyroid cancer & nodules, types of thyroid cancers, symptoms and the treatment. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Thyroid Cancer - Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

  • Symptoms, Causes Treatment

About Thyroid Cancer
  • Thyroid cancer occurs in the butterfly-shaped
    gland located at the base of your neck, just
    below your Adam's apple. Your thyroid produces
    hormones that regulate your heart rate, blood
    pressure, body temperature and weight.
  • Thyroid cancer might not cause any symptoms at
    first. But as it grows, it can cause pain and
    swelling in your neck.

Types Of Thyroid Cancer
  • Common types of thyroid cancer include
  • Papillary thyroid carcinoma
  • Follicular thyroid carcinoma
  • Hurthle cell thyroid carcinoma
  • Medullary thyroid carcinoma
  • Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma

Papillary Thyroid Cancer
  • The most common form of thyroid cancer, papillary
    thyroid cancer arises from follicular cells,
    which produce and store thyroid hormones.
    Papillary thyroid cancer can occur at any age,
    but most often it affects people ages 30 to 50.
    Doctors sometimes refer to papillary thyroid
    cancer and follicular thyroid cancer together as
    differentiated thyroid cancer.

2. Follicular Thyroid Cancer
  • Follicular thyroid cancer also arises from the
    follicular cells of the thyroid. It usually
    affects people older than age 50. Hurthle cell
    cancer is a rare and potentially more aggressive
    type of follicular thyroid cancer.

3. Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer
  • Anaplastic thyroid cancer is a rare type of
    thyroid cancer that begins in the follicular
    cells. It grows rapidly and is very difficult to
    treat. Anaplastic thyroid cancer typically occurs
    in adults age 60 and older.

4. Medullary Thyroid Cancer
  • Medullary thyroid cancer begins in thyroid cells
    called C cells, which produce the hormone
    calcitonin. Elevated levels of calcitonin in the
    blood can indicate medullary thyroid cancer at a
    very early stage. Certain genetic syndromes
    increase the risk of medullary thyroid cancer,
    although this genetic link is uncommon.

Symptoms Of Thyroid Cancer
  • Thyroid cancer typically doesn't cause any signs
    or symptoms early in the disease. As thyroid
    cancer grows, it may cause
  • A lump (nodule) that can be felt through the skin
    on your neck
  • Changes to your voice, including increasing
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Pain in your neck and throat
  • Swollen lymph nodes in your neck

Treatment Of Thyroid Cancer
  • Thyroid cancer is usually treated with surgery,
    since removal of part or all of the thyroid gland
    (thyroidectomy) with or without excision of lymph
    nodes typically offers the best chance of cure.
  • Radioactive Iodine Therapy
  • External Beam Radiation Therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Levothyroxine Therapy (often prescribed as
    Synthroid ).
  • These are forms of treatment that are sometimes
    used following surgery.

Doctors Specialists
  • ENT Specialty Group, has team of experienced
    thyroid surgeons and endocrinologists have
    expertise in the workup and management of thyroid
  • Our aim is to provide patients with compassion,
    attention, and timely care from the moment that a
    thyroid cancer is discovered until treatment is
    no longer required.

Best Thyroid Cancer Surgeon
  • Dr. Richard Payne, MD, MSc, FRCS(C)
  • Dr. Payne is an associate professor at McGill
    University in the Department of Otolaryngology
    Head and Neck Surgery. His surgical subspecialty
    is in Head and Neck Oncology with a strong
    emphasis on thyroid cancer. He also has an
    interest in surgery of the parathyroid glands.
  • Dr. Payne is a leader in the field of thyroid
    cancer surgery. At the national level, he is the
    Director of the Endocrine Surgery Group at the
    Canadian Society of Otolaryngology Head and
    Neck Surgery. He has been one of the pioneers in
    the development of sentinel lymph node biopsy. He
    has been an instructor to other thyroid cancer
    specialists at the THANC thyroid course held in
    New York City.

Contact Us
  • Clinic ENT Specialty Group
  • Address 4141 Sherbrooke St. West Suite 625,
    Westmount, QC, H3Z 1B8 Canada
  • Book an Appointment https//
  • Phone Number 514-937-3687

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