Fungal Nail Infection: Symptoms, Causes, Risk factors, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Fungal Nail Infection: Symptoms, Causes, Risk factors, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

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A fungal nail infection occurs due to the overgrowth of fungi on the toenail, fingernail, or under the toe of the nail known as nail bed. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Fungal Nail Infection: Symptoms, Causes, Risk factors, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention


1
Fungal Nail Infection
2
Fungal Nail Infection
  • A fungal nail infection occurs due to the
    overgrowth of fungi on the toenail, fingernail,
    or under the toe of the nail known as nail bed.
    Fungal nail infection is not a serious problem,
    but may hamper the appearance of nail and cause
    damage to the nails. The risk of developing a
    fungal nail infection increases if a patient
    has athletes foot. Fungal nail infection is
    highly contagious and can spread easily to
    healthy person from an infected person. Fungal
    nail infection occurs more in toenails than
    fingernails. 

3
Causes of fungal nail infection 
  • The overgrowth of fungi in the nails is one of
    the most common causes of fungal infection. Fungi
    are already present on our bodies, but become
    active when we come in contact with the person
    who has a fungal infection. Living in warm and
    moist temperature may also cause fungal nail
    infection as fungi flourishes under warm
    temperature. The risk of developing a fungal nail
    infection also increases if anyone in the family
    has this infection.

4
Symptoms
  • The common symptoms of fungal nail infection
    include Turning of nail color into pale yellow
  • Broken or brittle nails
  • Formation of debris under the nail
  • White spots on the nail
  • Damaged nail surface
  • Pain in the nails
  • Loss of nail
  • Odor from the infected nail
  • Scaling under the nail

5
Risk factors for fungal nail infection
  • These are some of the few factors that increase
    the chance of developing a fungal nail infection
  • Weak immune system
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Wearing artificial nails
  • Poor circulation of blood
  • People older than 60
  • Living in hot and humid weather
  • Nail injury

6
Diagnosis of fungal nail infection 
  • A dermatologist will start the diagnosis of
    fungal nail infection by performing a physical
    exam and asking about your medical history. Lab
    tests to examine fungal nail infection include 
  • Potassium hydroxide test to check for
    the development of fungi on the nails.
  • Nail biopsy includes taking the sample of the
    affected tissue and observing it under the
    microscope.
  • Fungal culture test to check for the growth of
    fungi on the nails.

7
Treatments
  • Anti-fungal medicines such as diflucan,
    gris-peg, and lamisil may be given to a patient
    to slow down fungal nail infection. A
    dermatologist may also prescribe antifungal gels
    and creams to prevent fungal nail infection from
    developing further. Sometime he may have to
    perform a nail removal surgery. A patient with
    fungal nail infection can also apply tea tree oil
    or neem oil directly over the affected area to
    get rid of fungal nail infection. Keep the nails
    trimmed and clean to prevent the recurrence of
    fungal nail infection. 

8
Preventing fungal nail infection
  • Wear socks to avoid moisture
  • Use antifungal soap for cleaning the fungal nail
    infection
  • Avoid the use of artificial nails and nail polish
  • Do not share your own items for manicure or
    pedicure
  • Keep the areas between nails dry

9
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