Fungal Nail Infection: causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Fungal Nail Infection: causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

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A fungal nail infection occurs due to the overgrowth of fungi on the toenail, fingernail, or under the toe of the nail known as nail bed. Fungal nail infection is not a serious problem, but may hamper the appearance of nail and cause damage to the nails. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Fungal Nail Infection: causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment


1
FUNGAL NAIL INFECTION
  • SYMPTOMS CAUSES DIAGNOSIS TREATMENT

2
INTRODUCTION TO FUNGAL NAIL INFECTION
  • A fungal nail infection occurs due to the
    overgrowth of fungi on the toenail, fingernail,
    or under the toe of the nail known as nail bed.
  • Fungal nail infection is not a serious problem,
    but may hamper the appearance of nail and cause
    damage to the nails.
  • Fungal nail infection is highly contagious and
    can spread easily to healthy person from an
    infected person.
  • Fungal nail infection occurs more in toenails
    than fingernails. 

3
CAUSES OF FUNGAL NAIL INFECTION
  • The overgrowth of fungi in the nails is one of
    the most common causes of fungal nail infection.
  • Fungi are already present on our bodies, but
    become active when we come in contact with the
    person who has a fungal nail infection.
  • Living in warm and moist temperature may also
    cause fungal nail infection as fungi flourishes
    under warm temperature.
  • The risk of developing a fungal nail infection
    also increases if anyone in the family has fungal
    nail infection.

4
SYMPTOMS OF FUNGAL NAIL INFECTION
  • The common symptoms of fungal nail infection
    include 
  • Turning of nail color into pale yellow
  • Broken or brittle nails
  • Formation of debris under the nail
  • White spots on the nail
  • Damaged nail surface
  • Pain in the nails
  • Loss of nail
  • Odor from the infected nail
  • Scaling under the nail

5
RISK FACTORS FOR FUNGAL NAIL INFECTION
  • These are some of the few factors that increase
    the chance of developing a fungal nail infection
  • Weak immune system
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Wearing artificial nails
  • Poor circulation of blood
  • People older than 60
  • Living in hot and humid weather
  • Nail injury

6
DIAGNOSIS OF FUNGAL NAIL INFECTION
  • A dermatologist will start the diagnosis of
    fungal nail infection by performing a physical
    exam and asking about your medical history. Lab
    tests to examine fungal nail infection include 
  • Potassium hydroxide test to check for
    the development of fungi on the nails.
  • Nail biopsy includes taking the sample of the
    affected tissue and observing it under the
    microscope.
  • Fungal culture test to check for the growth of
    fungi on the nails.

7
TREATMENT OF FUNGAL NAIL INFECTION
  • Anti-fungal medicines such as diflucan, gris-peg,
    and lamisil may be given to a patient to slow
    down fungal nail infection.
  • A dermatologist may also prescribe antifungal
    gels and creams to prevent fungal nail infection
    from developing further.
  • Sometime he may have to perform a nail removal
    surgery. A patient with fungal nail infection can
    also apply tea tree oil or neem oil directly over
    the affected area to get rid of fungal nail
    infection.
  • Keep the nails trimmed and clean to prevent
    the recurrence of fungal nail infection. 

8
PREVENTING FUNGAL NAIL INFECTION
  • Wear socks to avoid moisture
  • Use antifungal soap for cleaning the fungal nail
    infection
  • Avoid the use of artificial nails and nail polish
  • Do not share your own items for manicure or
    pedicure
  • Keep the areas between nails dry

9
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