Heart Muscle Disease (Cardiomyopathy) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Heart Muscle Disease (Cardiomyopathy)

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Cardiomyopathy (literally "heart muscle disease") is the measurable deterioration of the function of the myocardium (the heart muscle) for any reason usually leading to heart failure. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Heart Muscle Disease (Cardiomyopathy)


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Heart Muscle Disease (Cardiomyopathy)
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Heart Muscle Disease (Cardiomyopathy)
  • Cardiomyopathy is a serious medical condition of
    the heart. In this, the heart muscles become weak
    or inflamed. Due to this, heart does not function
    the way it should, therefore hindering the
    pumping of blood. Eventually, this can lead to
    cardiac arrest or heart failure.Cardiomyopathy m
    ay also classify as primary, in this there is no
    prominent cause. It is also classified as
    secondary in which Cardiomyopathy may happen due
    to a cause. The cause can be congenital heart
    disease, heart valve disease, viral infections,
    hypertension, coronary artery disease etc.

3
Causes of Cardiomyopathy
  • As discussed, Cardiomyopathy may be classified
    as primary or secondary. If anything leads to
    developing the condition of Cardiomyopathy, it
    may be called Secondary Cardiomyopathy. Some
    possible causes of Cardiomyopathy are
  • Condition of Chronic high blood pressure
  • History of any previous heart attacks that
    leads to damaging of heart muscles. The damaged
    heart muscle can be a prime cause of
    Cardiomyopathy.
  • Problems related to Heart Valves.
  • Viral myocarditis caused by certain viral
    infections.
  • Habit of excessive alcohol consumption.
  • Some Nutritional deficiencies.

4
Dilated (Congestive) Cardiomyopathy
  • In Cardiomyopathy, it may be the most common
    form. In dilated cardiomyopathy, the cavity
    becomes dilated which means enlarged and its
    ability to pump blood reduces significantly. Many
    patients with prolonged dilated cardiomyopathy
    may have high risk of heart failure. Abnormal
    heart rhythm disorder may also develop with
    prolonged dilated cardiomyopathy condition.The
    blood flow is very slow and next to nothing in an
    area in the chambers of dilated heart. This is
    better known as stasis. This makes the formation
    of a blood clot, which is termed as thrombus. If
    the thrombus is pressurized out of the heart
    because of accumulation of blood due to blood
    clotting, it may cause a stroke or similar
    ischemic conditions.

5
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
  • This is the type of cardiomyopathy, where the
    heart muscles are enlarged and thickened
    abnormally. The size of Heart chambers are
    reduced due to the abnormal thickening of the
    heart muscles. This may hinder the function of
    pumping blood and its supply to the body.In
    some cases, the blood flow is hindered because of
    thickening of the wall also called septum between
    the two ventricles. This condition or syndrome
    may also be called as Hypertrophic Obstructive
    Cardiomyopathy. This syndrome has also been known
    by another name called Asymmetric Septal
    Hypertrophy. Besides hindering the blood flow,
    the thickened or the enlarged wall sometimes
    distorts one leaflet of the mitral valve. This
    may cause it to leak and need immediate medical
    treatment.

6
Restrictive Cardiomyopathy
  • The Restrictive Cardiomyopathy is a condition in
    which the heart muscles become rigid and less
    flexible. This reduces the capacity of the heart
    to expand adequatel

7
Symptoms
  • A patient who is suffering from cardiomyopathy
    may not experience any specific symptoms at all.
    However, in advancing stage of this condition, a
    patient may experience the symptoms listed below.
    If the condition is not treated timely, it may
    get worse.
  • Breathlessness or shortness of breath this
    could be at the time of rest or during any
    physical activity.
  • Fatigue
  • Prominent swelling observed in feet, ankles and
    legs
  • Patient may experience giddiness and
    lightheadedness
  • Falling unconscious or Fainting spells
  • Palpitations heart rhythm may go high or
    fluctuate.

8
Treatments
  • Treatments suggested for Cardiomyopathy
  • Healthy Lifestyle Eating a nutritious diet that
    includes fresh fruits, vegetables etc. are very
    important. Saying NO to smoking, drinking, or
    drugs is another important step to adapting a
    healthy lifestyle.
  • Medication  A regular medication and follow up
    with your doctors is paramount in this condition.
  • Surgery In advanced stages, your cardiologist
    may recommend the surgical treatment too.

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