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Impacts of and Adaptation to Climate Change


Climate change is about people and their ability to create secure, dignified ... Climate change affects different social groups differently. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Impacts of and Adaptation to Climate Change

Impacts of and Adaptation to Climate Change
  • February 2009

  • The continent comprises of 54 countries.
  • Human population of about 840 million.
  • Most economies are natural resource based.
  • Agriculture is a source of livelihood for 70 of
    the population.
  • 4 of the arable land in Sub-Saharan Africa is
  • Impacts of climate variability change are
    affecting a large number of people.
  • Climate variability and change, combined with
    other factors threatens achievement of MDGs.

Key Impacts
  • Increasing temperatures
  • Shifting seasons
  • Changes in the amount of rainfall
  • Increasing intensity frequency of extreme
    weather events
  • Melting glaciers rising sea level

Major Consequences
  • Greater food insecurity
  • Greater water stress/scarcity
  • Greater threats to health ... and fewer resources
    to prevent ill-health
  • A decline in the productivity (and viability) of
    natural resource-based livelihoods
  • An increase in the frequency intensity of
    natural resource conflicts
  • More humanitarian disasters
  • More people on the move in search of safe havens

Key Points
  • Climate change is about people and their ability
    to create secure, dignified lives for themselves
    and their families.
  • Mean cost of climate change about 2.7 of GDP in
    Africa by 2100.
  • Climate change affects different social groups
    differently. Women and girl children are
    especially hard hit.
  • Declining water availability hampers the
    achievement of energy security, a major
    constraint to Africas development.
  • Climate change has the potential to wipe out the
    last 25 years of development gains in some parts
    of the world. And is already a key underlying
    cause of poverty.
  • Climate-driven reduction in GDP would exacerbate
    poverty and raise child mortality rates.

  • Adaptation to climate variability and change
    offers viable, sustainable solutions among the
    poor in developing countries.
  • Community-based adaptation (CBA) is about
    reducing peoples vulnerability to the impacts of
    climate change.
  • CARE targets the worlds most vulnerable
  • And delivers solutions that reduce their
    sensitivity to the impacts of climate change
    whilst building adaptive capacity.

CBA in practice
  • Promoting climate-resilient livelihood
    technologies and strategies.
  • Reducing the risk of disasters.
  • Building citizens and governments understanding
    of and capacity to respond to climate change.
  • Increasing peoples access to essential services
    social protection systems.
  • Empowering people to participate in government
    plans to address climate change.

  • Mangrove restoration, Tanzania

Boreholes in El-Wak, Kenya
Transforming this to
Other Components
  • Making carbon finance mechanisms work for poor
  • Piloting pro-poor forestry and domestic energy
  • Developing the premier social and environmental
    standards for forestry-based projects (with
    partners including Conservation International,
    WWF and the World Agroforestry Centre).
  • Advocacy
  • Influencing the policy decisions that really
  • Appropriate emissions reductions.
  • Effective adaptation assistance to the worlds
    most vulnerable populations.
  • The regulation of carbon finance mechanisms to
    protect the rights of Indigenous Peoples and
    local communities.

Other Components
  • Organizational change
  • Evolving what CARE does in the face of challenges
    presented by climate change. This entails
  • Managing our own carbon footprint.
  • Educating and training staff.
  • Developing tools such as CVCA and CRiSTAL to help
    integrate climate change into the design and
    implementation of projects in highly sensitive
    sectors (e.g. water and agriculture)
  • Integrating climate change into CAREs Long Range
    Strategic Plans and Emergency Preparedness Plans

Why Fund Adaptation?
  • The need is great in developing countries.
  • Significant cost savings would be realized if
    communities are empowered to adapt to climate
    change impacts.
  • Funding and supporting adaptation would help
    reduce poverty and promote development that is
  • Avert potential problems such as increased
    insecurity that may arise due to climate change
  • Honoring commitment made under the UNFCCC to help
    provide adaptation funding. (UNFCCC 1992 Article

Thank you
  • Cynthia Brenda Awuor
  • CARE International in Kenya
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